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Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

Pre-primary education in the Slovak Republic is provided in kindergartens, which are usually designed for children aged between 3 and 6 years.

More information in chapter Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years.

In accordance with the Education Act in the Slovak Republic the compulsory school attendance takes ten years and lasts until the end of the school year in which the pupil attains the age of 16 years. Compulsory school attendance starts at the age of 6 years. If the child who has attained the age of 6 is not adequately physically or mentally developed, the guardian of the child shall apply for, or the preschool facility shall propose, the postponement of the start of compulsory school attendance by one school year or for integration of the child into zero grade of the primary school, upon examination by the respective counselling (psychological) establishment.

In 2002 the possibility of establishing zero grade in primary school for children who attained the age of six years has been laid down, but they have not reached yet the school maturity; they come from socially disadvantaged background and owing to their social and language environment there is no prerequisite in them to master the subject matter of grade 1 of primary school in one school year. At the same time, the Act introduced the concept of teacher assistant who carries our educational-instructional activity and takes part in creation of conditions needed for overcoming mainly language, health and social barriers of the child.
Primary education is provided by primary school, which has two stages:

  1. stage - grades 1-4 and
  2. stage - grades 5-9.

After successful completion of primary school the pupils continue fulfilling compulsory school attendance in the first grade of secondary school. Education at primary and secondary schools is free of charge. In other than public schools education may be provided for a fee (section 3 of the Article 42 of the Constitution of the Slovak Republic).

More information in chapter Organisation of Single Structure Education.

In gymnasium there is general secondary education, which prepares most of all for the study at higher education institutions.

More information in chapter Organisation of Upper Secondary Education.

General education is a part of education at secondary vocational schools and conservatoires. At secondary vocational schools there it is vocational education and training, it means a preparation for the execution of professional activities, mainly technical, economical, pedagogical, health, socio-legal, administrative, artistic and cultural, but also for the study at the higher education institution.

The conservatory provides for complex artistic and artistic-pedagogical education. It prepares pupils for professional artistic employment and for teaching artistic and special subjects in educational programmes of artistic concentration.

More information in chapter Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education.

Education at primary schools and secondary schools is free. In other than public schools education may be provided for a fee (section 3 of the Article 42 of the Constitution of the Slovak Republic).

Basis school of art and language school also belong to the school system.

The higher education institutions are public, state and private institutions. Military and police higher education institutions are the state budgetary organisations, health-care higher education institutions are state semi-budgetary organisations.

More information in chapter Types of Higher Education Institutions.

Further education is provided by institutions of further education follows the level of education achieved in school education.

More information in chapter Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training.

Age Level Institution
3-6 Pre-primary education
(voluntary) ISCED 0
Certificate on completing pre-primary education
Kindergartens
Special kindergartens
6-15 Primary education
9-year primary school
Primary schools, special primary schools
6-10 The first stage (grades 1 – 4) ISCED 1
In grade  4 Certificate with Supplement – Pupil received primary education
10 Transfer to secondary schools
10-15 The second stage (grades 5 – 9) ISCED 2
In grade 9 - Certificate with supplement – Pupil received lower secondary education
Primary schools
8-year gymnasium
Conservatoire
10-year compulsory school attendance until age 16
15 Transfer to further education
15-16 Completion of compulsory school attendance
15-19 Secondary education ISCED 3 – Pupil received lower or upper secondary education
Certificates:
School-Leaving Certificate
Certificate of Final Examination
Certificate of Apprenticeship
gymnasium, secondary vocational school, conservatoire
Transfer to higher professional education and higher education
19-21 Conservatoire
Certificate:
Certificate on graduation examination and graduate diploma ISCED 5B – Pupil received postsecondary or tertiary education
Secondary vocational school, 2-3-year educational programme
Certificate on graduation examination and graduation diploma ISCED 5B with the right tu usedegree "diploma spesialist"
Conservatoire, secondary vocational school
19-23 Higher education
a) 1st level - Bachelor’s study (at least 3 years, at most 4 years) ISCED 5B
b) 2nd level - Magister’s, Engineer’s and Doctor’s study (at least 1 year, at most 3 years, together with 1st level at least 5 years) ISCED 5A
c) 3rd level - Ph.D. study (3-4 years of full-time study, 5 years of part-time study) ISCED 6
Certificate:
Higher education diploma
Certificate on state examination
Higher education institutions