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Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

Availability

Maternity leave in the Slovak Republic is 238 day, that is 34 weeks, long. If the child’s mother does not live in marriage, the length of maternity leave is 37 weeks, that is 259 days. If two or more children are born to a mother, the maternity leave is 43 weeks long. 

After completion of maternity leave, parents can take care of a child up to 3 years of age while receiving parent allowance from the state.  

Therefore, there is not such great demand for admission of children into facilities providing care and education for children up to 2 years of age. 

There is a lack of child care facilities for children aged between 2 – 3.

Child care facilities are founded all over the republic, mainly in big cities.

Lack of such facilities due to their capacity  inadequacy is more pronounced in cities than in municipalities.


Admission Requirements and Choice of ECEC Institutions

Criteria for child´s admission to these facilities are not regulated by any legal regulation, they are determined by individual founders.The parents are entitled to choose any facility, in case of its availability in the given region, wherein they live, or, in other region too. 

The Ministry of Labour, Social affairs and Family is preparing new  legal regulations which will define the basic requirements for founding and running of these facilities. The new legal regualtions will come into effect from January 2017 and it will introduce an obligation to register these facilities providing care for children up to 3 years of age into the network of social services providers. 


Age Levels and Grouping of Children

Childcare in day nursery, or mother centres or day care centres is provided generally to the children from 6 months to 3 years of age. But when there is free capacity in the kindergartens which are included in the network of schools and school facilities, they prefer having their child accepted to a kindergarten. The size of groups of children in these facilities depends on the age of children and their maturity/development level; it is not defined by any legislation or regulation. 

The new legal regulation on the activities and operation of facilities providing care for children up to 3 years of age which will come to effect from January 2017 assumes that the highest number of children in one group should be 12.


Organisation of Time

The schedule of activities in these facilities is not explicitly stated, individual founders decide on the schedule. 

The founder must organize the day regime for children in nurseries, mother centres and children centres, in order to provide them: 

  • Individual time and length of child sleeping including the possibility for morning sleeping,
  • Children staying outside for at least two hours in the morning and two hours in the afternoon depending on the length of the child´s stay in the facility, in every season of the year; the time spent outside can be shortened or omitted in case of extraordinarily adverse meteorological conditions or in case of excessive air pollution, 
  • Physical exercises of children should be carried out  at least twice a day, 
  • Systematic  hardening of children to increase body immunity should be a part of daily activities and actions. 



Organisation of the Day and Week

Number of hours in which the facility should be operating is not given for these facilities. The number of hours depends on the possibilities of the founder and on the interest of children´s parents. 

Nurseries, or mother centres and children centres do not provide education but only care, therefore, we do not refer to classes here but to operating hours when care is provided. 

This ranges from 1 to 8 – 10 hours a day.



Legislation References

Act No. 596/2003 on state administration in education and school self-government and on change and supplements of some acts as amended by subsequent provisions (Act of the National Council of the SR).
Act No. 355/2007 on protection and development of public health and on the change and supplement to some acts as amended by subsequent provision (Act of the National Council of the SR).
Decree No. 527/2007 on details of requirements for facilities for children and youth (Decree of the Ministry of Health of the SR).