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Slovakia:Ongoing reforms and policy developments

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

This section gives an overview of the national ongoing reforms and policy developments in education and training. It groups reforms in the following broad thematic areas that largely correspond to education levels:

  • Early Childhood Education and Care
  • School Education
  • Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning
  • Higher Education
  • Transversal Skills and Employability

Inside each thematic area, reforms are organised chronologically. The most recent reforms are described first.


2014

National Programme on Development of Living Conditions of Persons with Disabilities for 2014 – 2020

Based on the requirements of the UN Convention on the Right of Persons with Disabilities (hereinafter referred to as "Convention"), the Slovak Republic launched the creation of a new National Programme on Development of Living Conditions of Persons with Disabilities for 2014 – 2020 (hereinafter referred to as "National Programme II") in which the Council directive 2000/78/ES, which establishes a general frame for equal treatment in employment and occupation, was taken into account. The new National Programme was adopted by the Government of the SR in January 2014.  It is an evolving document containing principal tasks for the period of 2014 – 2020, which is updated and evaluated every 2 years.

The main target of the National Programme is to achieve, by means of defined tasks and measures, progress in the area of protection of rights of people with disabilities recognized by the Convention as well as progress in their use. 

The document is based on the Policy statement of the Government of the SR for 2012-2016, in which the Government of the SR committed itself to create optimal conditions for the implementation of the Convention including the institutionalised provision of its implementation and monitoring.

The National Programme recommends the founders and head teachers of school facilities of educational guidance and prevention:
  • to support the development of services of special teachers, resource centres, and lifelong learning of people with disabilities. To support lifelong learning, particularly education and training for labour market of job applicants with disabilities,
  • to support field special teachers and resource centres of special-pedagogical counselling providing support services for children and pupils with disabilities at regular schools, 
  • to provide support services in centres of special-pedagogical counselling for sick or disabled children and pupils,
  • to support the development of career guidance for people with disabilities.

Youth Strategy for 2014 – 2020

Young people up to the age of 30 represent a substantial part of the population of the SR (37.4 %). Children and young people have specific needs, which must be taken into account in the process of their training for social and work life. Therefore, the government of the SR adopted the Youth Strategy for 2014 – 2020 in April 2014, which defines the strategic objectives of the policy in relation to the youth while reflecting the needs of the youth in different areas. Its goal is to contribute to the increase of young people’s quality of life, particularly by means of personality development of young citizens of the Slovak Republic.

It describes 9 strategic areas: education, employment, creativity and entrepreneurship, participation, the youth and the world, health and healthy life style, social inclusion, voluntary work and work with the youth.

The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic will provide communication on the state of strategy preparation and realisation by means of an interdepartmental working group on state policy related to the youth, on which it will produce a report on annual basis.
Fulfilment of the strategy will be assessed in the middle of its duration, i.e. in 2017, and at its end in 2020.


2013

National Reform Programme 2013

The Slovak Republic responded to the Annual Growth Survey 2013 and  in accordance with the European Semester procedure it prepared the National Reform Programme 2013 (available only in Slovak language), which the SR government approved by its Resolution No. 198 of 24th April 2013. It represents national provisions for achievement of sustainable economic growth, employment growth and improvement of life quality. At the international level this material represents provisions for fulfilling the objectives achieved within the Europe 2020 Strategy defined in the Annual Growth Survey 2013 and Integrated Guidelines of EC for Europe 2020 Strategy, as well as completing the specific recommendations of Europe Council for the SR.

For education area, the measures were adopted for development and practical verification of all-day education system; updating and innovation of standards of preprimary education; widening of kindergarten capacities, widening of existing forms of education and training by preparatory kindergarten classes and increase of number of hours for  pre-primary education; projects of teacher training and technical employees’ training with the aim to adopt professional competences for education of children from marginalized Roma community, efficient provision of textbooks and electronic textbooks; interconnection of education and practice and strengthening the quality of professional education; reinforcing the internal system of higher education quality, reform of accreditation and recognition of results of non-formal education.


2012

National Strategy for Global Education 2012-2016

The Government of the Slovak Republic has approved on 18 January 2012 the National Strategy for Global Education for the period 2012 – 2016 (available only in Slovak language).  The aim is to increase the awareness of global topics concerned with each individual, to develop critical thinking and understanding of challenges and problems of this area, and thus to motivate the people towards responsibility and adoption of values of active global citizen. In order to fulfil the aims of global education, regular monitoring of fulfilling the tasks in the Action Plans for Fulfilling Tasks ensuing from the National Strategy for Global Education on annual basis.  Within the framework of school education the aims are satisfied in the form of reflecting global dimension – by directing the attention at global connections in the content of education in the content of education (within the framework of relevant subjects and cross-sectional themes).


Strategy of the SR for Roma Integration up to 2020

In January 2012, the SR Government adopted Strategy for Roma Integration up to 2020 (available only in Slovak language). The Strategy is based on the effort to minimize the influence of individual types of exclusion in relation to Roma communities and to develop the integration policy. It is related to spheres of education, employment, healthcare, living, approach to financial services, non-discrimination and perception by majority society.