Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

2015

New Act on Vocational Education

In March 2015, the government of the Slovak Republic passed the Act no. 61/2015 of Law Code on Vocational Education and Training, amending certain acts, which governs the vocational education and training in secondary vocational schools and introduces a new system of dual education. The act defines types of secondary vocational schools, verification of employer’s eligibility to provide practical education in the system of dual education, and it provides legislative framework for dual education.

The new act is considered by the ministry as a tool for reacting to job market's changing needs. This should be provided by means of close cooperation of vocational schools with all interested subjects which include state administration, regional authorities, employers, professional organisations and employees’ representatives.

Engagement of employers in vocational education and training is dealt with by means of planning the job market’s educational needs and participation in the making of the educational content. The ministry wants to motivate employers to enter the process of vocational education and training in two ways: firstly, by making the vocational training compliant with employers' requirements and needs; and secondly, by motivating employers by tax incentives.

The act entered into force on the 1st April 2015 and should be implemented in schools as of the 1st September.

2014

The Ministry of Education will Pay Workers Needed for Dual Education


The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sports of the SR will reimburse the employers’ unions and chambers for costs for workers in the area of vocational education regulation. It will issue certificates for companies which meet the conditions of dual education or it will certify study programmes. These costs should range from 100,000 to 200,000 EUR a year depending on the final number of people needed by the unions.


Young Stars Pilot Project

Young Stars pilot project should make it possible to find potential shortcomings of dual education in Slovakia before the adoption of the new law on vocational education, which is being finalised at the moment. Young Stars pilot project is implemented thanks to the cooperation of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport in the SR, Austrian Economic Chamber and other partners. Its main goal is to address the lack of qualified experts in selected professions by means of dual education. This enables employers to choose schools with which they will cooperate on vocational education of pupils and sign an educational contract. Vocational practice of pupils will thus take place with employers and the theoretical knowledge will be obtained at school.
Austrian-Slovak Young Stars pilot project serves as a model for the implementation of dual education in Slovakia as well as in other countries.  The ratio between practice and theory is 60:40 in favour of practice. Students can choose between a three-year field of study and fields of study with Maturita (School leaving examination).

The National Lifelong Guidance Forum

The National Institute for Lifelong Learning renewed the operation of the Lifelong Guidance Forum by the first meeting, which took place on the 14th July 2014. The National Lifelong Guidance Forum is a permanent professional, counselling, coordination and consultation body of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic and the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic in the area of lifelong guidance and lifelong learning, which is established with the purpose of coordinating and ensuring development of a unified system of lifelong guidance in the Slovak Republic with all its subsystems.

The operation of the secretariat of the National Lifelong Guidance Forum is provided by the National Institute for Lifelong Guidance – a directly managed organisation of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic.


2013

The National Project Development of Secondary Vocational Education

The national project Development of Secondary Vocational Education (available only in Slovak language) is aimed at improvement of quality of vocational education in secondary vocational schools in selected groups of branches of secondary vocational education and training and overall improvement of quality of vocational education and training in all groups of branches. The project will be realized by the National Vocational Education Institute and funded from the funds of operational programme Education. The project was signed in March 2013 and its duration is planned by October 2015. It will involve 400 secondary vocational schools, 1 200 educational employees and 35 000 students.

The national project will be concentrated particularly at:

  • Problem of interconnection of vocational education and training and the needs of employers;
  • Improvement of quality and preparation future graduates of secondary vocational schools  in relation to their ability to get employment completing the secondary  vocational education;
  • Cooperation of secondary vocational schools and professional organizations and chambers.

The national project reacts to the need of making more effective and attractive qualifications of secondary vocational education which are dominant for economy of the SR and were selected with respect to the statistics of unemployed and long-term needs of labour market.


Employment of Graduates

In the interest of increasing employment rate of secondary school "graduates”, the Ministry of Education acknowledges the importance of paying special attention to the quality of graduates' knowledge, career training and counselling until the completion of education and professional training. Therefore, it will support the introduction of teaching that leads to the development of working skills of primary school pupils in order to secure the professional focus of pupils, particularly on studying at secondary vocational schools. In the interest of harmonisation of education and professional training with the needs of labour market, it will create conditions for operational flow of current information between education, employers and entrepreneurship at both regional and national levels.


Legislation References

Act no. 61/2015 on Vocational Education and Training and on the Change and Supplement to Some Acts (Act of the National Council of the SR).