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Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

2106

Long-term plan for educational, research, development and other creative activities in higher education institutions for 2016 – 2021.

The Government of the Slovak Republic approved the Long-term plan for educational, research, development and other creative activities in higher education institutions for 2016 – 2021 on the 9th November 2016. 

The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic intends to focus on the following priorities in the area of higher education institutions by 2020: 

  • Provision of accessible and varied higher education, 
  • Increase of quality and relevance of higher education,
  • Increase of efficiency and credibility of higher education by means of supporting its openness and transparency, 
  • Creation of attractive creative environment.

The long-term plan also includes an overview of measures, implementation of which should start in 2016 and 2017:

  1. Implementation of EUROSTUDENT VI project,
  2. Identification of the existing barriers in higher education  setting,
  3. Change of  status and activities of Accreditation Commission,
  4. Strengthening of the existing internal grant scheme and creation of a new grant scheme,
  5. Change of higher education institutions’ creative activities quality evaluation, 
  6. Support of higher education institutions’ internationalisation,
  7. Support of the ‘Activity increases success’
  8. Review of the system of study fields,
  9. Creation of an action plan for the development of doctoral studies,
  10. Change of the system of  social benefits for students and improvement of accommodation conditions,
  11. Change of higher education institutions funding system,
  12. Increase of higher education institutions’ efficiency,
  13. Simplification of  legislation and facilitation of greater openness of higher education system,
  14. Support of the implementation of changes in higher education setting by means of exchange of experience,
  15. Support of top-quality teams. 


LEARNING SLOVAKIA –The national programme of education development in higher education 

In November 2016, the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic published the outline of the National programme of education development (NPRVV) in higher education

National programme’s goals follow the strategic goal for higher education defined in the Policy Statement of Slovak Government for 2016-2020.

National programme’s goals are divided into four areas:

  • Quality and accessible higher education open to the world and practice,
  • Quality higher education research comprising the core of Slovakia’s research potential,
  • High involvement of higher education institutions in the area of specific services supporting the development of Slovak society and regions,
  • Efficient higher education.

The national programme defines a basis for the higher education reform and creates a proposal of strategic and partial goals for further expert discussion. After expert discussion, National programme’s goals will be completed and supplemented with measures to achieve the goals; these will be presented for public discussion at the beginning of 2017.


2015

Continuation of Scholarship programme for studying abroad

The Ministry of Education has decided to continue with the grant scheme for strengthening of analytical capacities in public administration, which focuses on the support of studies in economics, mathematics, statistics and public policy. The amount of finances to be allocated for the support of scholarship applicants for academic year 2015/16 constitutes 67000 EUR in total. The number of granted scholarships will depend on the funding requirements of individual study programmes and on other expenses connected with the study.


2014

University Students Into Practice

In the first year of the implementation of the national project Universities as drivers of the development of knowledge-based society 150 university students took short-term excursions. In the second part of the implementation of the national project, best twenty students of 2nd and 3rd  degree of university study, who successfully complete intership in Slovakia with the support of the national project with duration at least 96 hours, can have their stay paid for, which applies to selected workplaces corresponding to the area of the student’s study. The process of the selection of students puts emphasis on positive evaluation by teachers from the enterprise of students' traineeship, as well as by university teachers.  


Scholarship Programme for Studying Abroad

Students in higher education admitted to study or studying at elite foreign universities could apply for scholarship until 9. July 2014. It is made possible by a grant scheme focusing on strengthening analytical capacities in public administration, which aims to attract graduates from the foremost foreign universities to work in public administration in Slovakia.

As a part of the grant, it is possible to obtain scholarship to cover study costs (tuition fees, living cost, travel costs, study aids and travel insurance) over two academic years at most. The scholarship recipient must commit to work three years in public administration.

The universities must rank among top 200 institutions in Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities 2013 or top 200 institutions in Project RePEc ranking of institutions. This scholarship programme favours study in the area of economics, mathematics, statistics and public policy.

The amount of finances to be allocated for the support of scholarship applicants for academic year 2014/15 constitutes 81,000 euro. The number of granted scholarships will depend on the funding requirements of individual study programmes and on other expenses connected with the study.


Motivation Scholarships for Selected Fields of Study

In 2014, in an effort to foster students’ interest in selected fields of study, the Ministry of Education, Science, Research, and Sport of the Slovak Republic implemented changes in provision of motivational scholarships, and it provided finances for motivational scholarships for selected fields of study within the university grants breakdown for 2014.

Motivation scholarships are designed for full-time students of e.g. applied informatics, biomedical engineering, electrotechnics, energy, as well as metallurgy, chemistry technologies, cybernetics or software engineering, food industry, or telecommunication.  Students in the fields of study such as teacher training in physics, chemistry, geography, biology, informatics and mathematics will also be supported.

The scholarship amount will be determined by Universities; however, the Ministry of Education based its breakdown on granting the amount of 1000 EUR per student in an academic year to approximately 15% of students in a given field of study.

....

Changes of funding of higher education institutions will support differentiation of higher education based on the quality and efficiency of educational results, scientific research, and the connection with social-economic needs related to the creation of technological parks and innovative outputs. Based on the analyses, the objectively set indicative volume of means for higher education, research, development, and higher education institutions’ infrastructure will be made more accurate for a longer timeframe.


2013

Reform of Higher Education Act

Since 1 September 2013 the reform of Higher Education Act came to power. It changes higher education accreditation. The guaranty of studies is not bound to one person only, but to a team of university teachers meeting the set up criteria. The reform also includes a change in the status of the Accreditation Commission aimed at improvement and simplification of accreditation process. In the context with quality support the amendment also solves the questions of career advancement (professors, associate professors), part-time study and some questions concerning private higher education institutions. The changes offer greater liberty to higher education institutions especially at development and updating the study programmes. 

Since 2013 the higher education institutions were set the duty to prepare and implement the internal system of quality assurance of provided higher education. This system should be developed by higher education institutions on the basis of norms and guidelines for provision of education quality in such a way as to ensure it in agreement with formalized rules and procedures defined beforehand. The quality system and their implementation will be assessed by the accreditation commission within the context of next complex accreditations of school activities.


Universities as Drivers of the Development of Knowledge-Based Society

The national projectUniversities as drivers of the development of knowledge-based society offers students of all three degrees of university study an opportunity of short-term internships. These concern excursions to enterprises. During the excursions, students will learn about the enterprise’s general line of business, technological background available and most often used processes and modern methods of management and production. The national project lasts 31 months from May 2013 to November 2015.

The excursions will enable the students to obtain basic knowledge of how an enterprise works in practice and they also serve as a support tool for connecting the theory with practice in students’ education.

This national project aims to strengthen the systemic connection of universities with entrepreneurial sphere so that university graduates could use the obtained competencies in the entrepreneurial practice with a positive influence on enterprises' economic growth and the ability to compete. The project also aims to support innovation in improvement of the existing university study programmes.

The national project is co-financed from EU sources and it is allocated 17.072 million EUR under the operational programme Education and its part Reform of the system of education and professional training.



Legislation References

Act No. 131/2002 on higher education and on the change and supplement to some acts as amended by subsequent provision (Act of the National Council of SR).