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Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

2017


The Amendment of the Act on Social Services

The amendment of the act on social services became effective on the 1st March. According to the amendment, provision of care for a child up to three years of age for working parents or parents studying at secondary schools or higher education institutions will be also considered social service.

Nurseries which providing care for children up to the age of 3 now became state-regulated and registered social service subject to state’s and self-governing region’s control. 

Nurseries can be run by the self-governance, self-employed person or non-profit organisations and must meet the following requirements:

  • entry into the register of social services providers in the self-governing region, 
  • in order to obtain a permit the nurseries will have to demonstrate  that the hygiene, personal and spatial requirements for the operation of facilities of this type are met,
  • the number of 20 children will be the maximum to be placed in nurseries, one employee will take care of 5 children at most,
  • number of children in one room designated for play and sleep mustn’t  exceed 12,
  • at least 80 % of employees will need to have completed secondary vocational education in teaching or health care,
  • the facilities have to provide care, meals, education and leisure activities,
  • the premises have to be barrier-free by the end of 2018.
  • The existing nurseries must meet the legal requirements by the end of current year.

The Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Family in the Slovak Republic will allocate more than 28 million euro from European funds for the construction and renovation of older facilities up to 2020. The funds will be used for 90 nurseries to create about 1 800 new places for children.

Self-governances should run the facilities using funds allocated to them for social services from the state budget. Municipalities and private nursery owners can also agree that the owners will be provided finances to run their nurseries.


2016


New State Educational Programme 

As of the 1st of September 2016, all kindergartens in the network of schools and school facilities provide pre-primary education according to the new State Educational Programme for Pre-primary Education in Kindergartens.

In 2016, the pilot stage of the new State Educational Programme for Pre-primary Education implementation into kindergartens took place. The efficiency, appropriateness and adequacy of the tested curriculum’s set-up were being validated during the pilot stage.

Based on the new State Educational Programme, educational programmes for disabled children will be approved by the end of 2016.
These educational programmes will include children

  • with mental impairment,
  • with hearing impairment, 
  • with visual impairment, 
  • with physical impairment, 
  • with communication impairment, 
  • with autism or other pervasive developmental impairments, 
  • Sick or with health impairment, 
  • deafblind, 
  • with multiple disabilities,
  • with behaviour disorders.



Extension of kindergarten capacities

Extension of kindergarten capacities continues also in 2016 by means of sources from structural funds. Construction of new kindergartens and extension of the existing capacities are supported by the amount of 80 million euro from EU funds, for which municipal, church, as well as private founders can apply. 58 million euro is still to be allocated to projects focusing on extension of capacities of kindergartens with a higher proportion of children from marginalized Roma communities.

By the end of 2018, 227 new classrooms will be created and the capacity of 22 classrooms will be preserved.

Extension and preservation of kindergarten capacities will result in admission of approx. 5 000 new children and creation of approx. 460 teacher jobs in pre-primary education.


2015


Support for Increasing Children's Participation in Pre-primary Education

In 2015, the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic will allocate a total of 10 million euro to support the project of the extension, construction and renovation of premises for the needs of kindergartens and school catering facilities at these kindergartens. Finances will be provided to applicants – municipalities/cities – as subsidies from state budget through ministry's budget chapter. The support aims to contribute to the expansion of kindergarten capacities and gradually achieve 95% 4-5 years old children’s attendance of kindergarten pre-primary education by 2020. When assessing applications for the subsidy, the current number of pending applications for children’s admission to kindergartens will be taken into account.

The ministry has decided that 10 million euro will be divided among 113 applicants from all over Slovakia.  Most of the approved applications concerned the extension by means of renovation and superstructures. The extension of kindergarten capacities will result in 167 new classrooms attended by approximately 3 670 children and job opportunities for more than 330 teachers in pre-primary education.

In June 2015, the Ministry announced another call for subsidies for the extension and keeping existing kindergarten capacities, for which it was allocated 5 000 000 euro. 367 municipalities applied for the subsidies, out which the selection committee will choose successful applicants by the end of September.



New state educational programme for pre-primary education

On the 10th March 2015, the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic adopted a new State Educational Programme for Pre-primary Education in kindergartens, which will enter into force as of the 1st September 2015. As the new educational programme significantly changes the existing content and organisation of pre-primary education, the ministry has decided that the new state educational programme will be implemented into schools on a voluntary basis in the academic year 2015/2016. Interested kindergartens can register for the pilot stage of the new state educational programme implementation by the 15th June 2015. The new state educational programme will come into force for all schools and school facilities as of the 1st September 2016.



2014

ECEC teachers enter the profession with different levels of education. The government considers setting the compulsory higher education at ISCED 6 and 7 levels for all ECEC teachers.



2013


Widening of Kindergarten Kapacities

In order to support employment of women and inclusion of marginalized communities the kindergarten capacities have enlarged depending on financial possibilities of founders, particularly for children one year prior to compulsory school attendance.

In order to increase integration of marginalized Roma communities and women’s participation in labour market the SR government, within the Strategy of the Roma Integration up to 2020, will support pre-primary education in kindergartens by distributing the existing forms of education and training. In the next years the system measures will be taken in such a way as to gradually achieve, by the year 2020, the 95 % participation of children from 4 years in pre-primary education in kindergarten. Particularly, the existing forms of education and training will be extended by preparatory classes of kindergarten. From September 2013, a provision is in force whereby the headteacher may increase the highest number of children for some reasons.