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Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

National Qualifications Framework 

The sequence of steps for the elaboration of the National Qualifications Framework of the Slovak Republic was approved by the Government Resolution no.105/2009 of 4 February 2009. 

It is based on the Recommendations of the European Parliament and the Council of 23 April 2008 on the establishment of the European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning. The Slovak Republic has decided on its implementation. 

In accordance with its principles, EQF supports the integration of formal and non-formal education and informal learning, therefore also the educational programmes of non-formal education, or more precisely educational activities, have to be integrated in the individual reference levels following the EQF descriptors. 

The development of the National Qualifications Framework of the Slovak Republic has 3 main phases: 

  1. defining the structure, number of levels and the descriptors of each level of the qualifications framework, 
  2. classifying state educational programmes, study and educational programmes of further education into the individual levels of the qualifications framework, 
  3. relating levels of the national framework to the levels of the European Qualifications Framework. 

The National Qualifications Framework of the Slovak Republic is based on 8 qualifications levels, which is a structure approved by the ministry of education in March 2011. Descriptors within the Slovak qualification framework, which were approved in May 2015, were subsequently reviewed.
The draft version of the qualifications framework includes a set of descriptors determining the level of knowledge, skills and competences, which are necessary to acquire at a certain qualifications level. Descriptors of individual levels were revised by an expert group  composed of parties from different areas of education, employers’ and professional organisations and associations.

Assessment and subsequent inclusion of educational programmes, study programmes, and educational activities and qualifications  are based on the work group’s professional output and the Slovak qualification framework descriptors. Classification into relevant levels of the Slovak qualification framework is determined by the work group members, who work directly under  the National coordination unit for the implementation of the European qualification framework. Since 2014, this unit operates at the State Institute of Professional Education. The tasks of the National coordination unit include: 

  • comparing qualification levels within the framework of  the national qualification systems with the levels of qualification frameworks shown in Annex1,
  • ensuring that the methodology used for comparison of the national qualification levels with European qualification framework (EQF) is transparent with the aim to make the comparison between them easier, on the one hand, and to guarantee the publishing of the respective decisions, on the other hand,
  • providing the  access to information and coordination for stakeholders  concerning the extent to which the national qualifications are compatible with the EQF through national qualification systems,
  • promoting the participation of all those involved according to valid national regulations and procedures, institutions of higher education, institutions of vocational education and training, social partners, sectors and experts in the field of comparison and use of qualifications at the European level,
  • coordination of the reference process of the Slovak qualification framework with the European qualification framework. 


National System of Qualifications

Preparation of the National Qualifications Framework is subject to parallel the ongoing creation of the National System of Occupations (NSO) and the National System of Qualifications (NSQ). 

The NSQ is a publicly accessible register of all complete and partial qualifications, confirmed, differed and recognised at the territory of the Slovak Republic. The aim of  NSQ is to support the interlink of formal and non-formal education, enable comparison of results of education achieved by various forms of education and learning as well as the comparison of qualification levels in the Slovak Republic and other EU countries. At the same time, it will inform the general public of all nationally recognized qualifications. 

National system of qualifications (NQS) will be issued by the Ministry generally binding regulation. 

The essence of the parallel creation of NSQ and NQF is a proper interconnection of results of education and individual qualifications. The NSQ will create a system solution that will support the comparison of results of education achieved by various forms of education. The NSQ will enable recognition of real knowledge, abilities and skills independently of the forms of education, transfer of the demands of labour market to education, public information of all nationally recognized qualifications, compatibility of qualifications levels in the Slovak Republic and other EU member countries. Currently, there are first 1000 qualifications described in NSQ.


The National System of Occupations

The National System of Occupations (NSO) defines the Act No. 5/2004 of the Law Code on employment services and on the change and supplement to some acts as an integrated information system of description of labour market standard demands for individual jobs. It determines the requirements of professional skills and practical experience necessary for performing work activities at labour market posts. 

The Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic,  in cooperation with public administration authorities, local self-government bodies, employers, representatives of employers and representatives of trade unions, contributes to the NSO output.

The main goal of NSO is to update and maintain the system that will enable the access to detailed information on labour market (current needs of employers, description of occupations and requirements of pursuing them) and will contribute to improvement of interlink between the employers’ demands and education and training for the labour market. 

The National System of Occupations will be the basic system framework for update of the National Qualifications System. Owing to the fact that the National System of Occupations  defines the requirements for professional skills and practical experience necessary for performance of working activities at labour market jobs, it is necessary to create the National System of occupations in close cooperation with development of the National Qualifications System and National  Qualifications Framework. The National System of Occupations and the National Qualifications System make up prerequisites so that the Slovak Republic could interlink its national qualifications with the common reference framework  with the aim to remarkably facilitate the European labour market mobility. 


Legislative References

Act No. 5/2004 on employment service as amended by subsequent provisions (Act of the National Council of the SR). 
Act No. 568/2009 on lifelong learning and on the change and supplement to some acts as amended by subsequent provision (Act of the National Council of the SR).