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Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

Student Mobility

The most important tool by its scope to promote mobility in higher education is the programme Erasmus+, which is the successor of the Lifelong Learning Programme implemented in years 2007 - 2013.

Erasmus+ programme focuses on higher education, cooperation of universities and between universities and businesses. The programme is designed particularly for students and teachers at universities. Public, state, as well as private universities can engage in Erasmus+ programme.

The programme offers students two types of activities:

  1. Study stays at a foreign university and
  2. Practical placement in a foreign business or organisation.  At the same time, there is a new opportunity of graduate placement, which must be completed within one year after graduation.

Study or internship abroad can last from 3 to 12 months; with students receiving a grant which is a contribution for their stay abroad. Study or internship are fully recognized while fulfilling the requirements set out in the contract for a study or internship work plan.

The programme Visegrad Fund is a successful scheme promoting realization of small, standard, strategic grants/projects, but first of all student mobility within the framework of the Visegrad region (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland). Its seat is in Bratislava. Besides students from the countries mentioned above, also Ukrainian and Belarusian students could obtain scholarships. The scholarships were designed for students and young researchers (post-graduate scholarships) and for students who at the time of application had completed at least 4 semesters of study at a higher education institution/university (master's scholarships). Mobility are organized through Intra-Visegrad scheme, Visegrad Scholarship Programme for Ukrainian Students, Visegrad Scholarship Programme for Belarusian Students, In-Coming Scheme, Out-Going Scheme. Scholarship are for any post master study.

Programme CEEPUS (Central European Exchange Programme for University Studies) fostering cooperation of universities from 15 states focuses on the mobility of students, PhD students and university teachers by supporting cooperating networks and individual mobility with priority given to networks developing of joint study programmes. In Slovakia, the programme is funded by the MESRS SR. The National Agency for the Slovak Republic is SAIA. The Slovak Republic coordinates six networks and also has 66 partners in other networks, thus ranking among active CEEPUS members.

The Action Austria - Slovakia, Cooperation in Science and Education is a bilateral programme aimed to promote bilateral cooperation between Austria and Slovakia in higher education, science and research. Activities include providing scholarships for undergraduates, PhD students and researchers for summer language courses, short stays and support of projects aimed at developing and strengthening bilateral - Austrian-Slovak partnerships in higher education and research. The Action in Slovakia is co-ordinated by the Slovak Academic Information Agency (SAIA). The Action is funded equally by the Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic and the Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy of Austria.

Another mechanism is the National Scholarship Programme, which is designed for students of bachelor, master and doctoral study at universities. The administrative support of the National Scholarship Programme is provided by SAIA. The scholarships are designed for students and PHD students at Slovak universities to cover living costs for a period of study stay. Full-time students and PhD students, who reside in the Slovak Republic, can apply for a travel grant in the context of their planned study or research abroad. The National Scholarship Programme of the Slovak Republic also supports mobility of foreign students and PhD students to stay at Slovak universities and research institutions.

Students in higher education admitted to study or studying at elite foreign universities could apply for scholarship until 9 July 2014. It is made possible by a grant scheme focusing on strengthening analytical capacities in public administration, which aims to attract graduates from the foremost foreign universities to work in public administration in Slovakia.

As a part of the grant, it is possible to obtain scholarship to cover study costs (tuition fees, living cost, travel costs, teaching aids and travel insurance) over two academic years at most. The scholarship recipient must commit to work three years in public administration.

The universities must rank among top 200 institutions in Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities 2013 or top 200 institutions in Project RePEc ranking of institutions. This scholarship programme prefers study in the area of economics, mathematics, statistics and public policy.

Slovakia 21 Modernization Programme is designed for foreign students from Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldova, Serbia, Macedonia, Ukraine, Montenegro and Croatia. The programme was approved by the Slovak Government in June 2008. The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport SR allows secondary school graduates of the above mentioned countries to receive a free 10-month course of the Slovak language and academic preparation at the Institute for Language and Academic Preparation of Comenius University in Bratislava. Consequently, foreign students can receive a scholarship of the Slovak Government for further university studies in Slovakia focusing on technical courses. Selection of students is made by the selection commission of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the SR.

Implementation of the commitments of the Government in the provision of government scholarships to foreign students for Bachelor, Master and PhD studies granted under the Official Development Assistance (ODA) continues.

Slovaks living abroad are granted scholarships of the Government SR under the Concept of the State Policy on the Care of Slovaks living abroad until 2015.


Academic preparation for foreign citizens

Teaching of Slovak language and the main academic subjects for foreign students preparing for university study in the SR is provided by the Institute for Language and Academic Preparation for foreigners and compatriots (JOP) at the Centre for Continuing Education at Comenius University. In addition to a ten month language and academic preparatory training of foreign students for university study, it organises short-term and long-term Slovak language courses for foreign applicants, as well as other educational activities, e.g. Summer University of Slovak. On average 200 students from all over the world study at JOP CCE UK every school year.

Recognition of education obtained at higher education institutions

The Slovak Republic is bound by European Directive No. 2005/36/EC on recognition of professional qualifications. It recognizes foreign documents according to purpose of recognition, i.e., for either academic purposes (purposes of continuing further education in the SR) or for purposes of performing employment or professional activities which are regulated in the SR. The Centre for Recognition of Diplomas verifies certification of education obtained abroad for pursuit of selected regulated professions in the SR. It automatically recognizes documents on higher education of the 3rd degree obtained in EU member states, EEA and Switzerland and assesses the level of completed foreign education for academic purposes, for pursuit of non-regulated professions and for issue of “blue cards” in the SR. Its another role is recognition of completed study abroad for relevant authorities and institutions in the SR, equivalence and conversion of grades from foreign primary or secondary school to Slovak grading scale.

In case of Slovak diplomas, the Centre provides for authenticity verification of public documents issued under responsibility of the Ministry of Education, Science, Education and Sport of the SR by issuing Apostille/Superlegalization and it validates teaching qualification of education employees exclusively for foreign offices.

The Centre for Recognition of Diplomas is a constituent part of ENIC (European Network of Information Centres), NARIC (National Academic Recognition Information Centres in the European Union), and acts as national contact point for recognition in EU and National Centre for Europass.

Recognition of education obtained at higher education institutions abroad in Slovakia is governed by the following legislation:

  • Act No. 131/2002 of the Law Code on universities and on changes and amendment to some acts,
  • Act No. 293/2007 of the Law Code on recognition of professional qualifications.

If a study abroad is undertaken at a higher education institution, it is possible to recognize the respective year after comparing study programme of the higher education institutions. The subjects, in which additional exams shall be carried out, are prescribed by the appropriate higher education institution in Slovakia, which provides study in the same or a related field of study.


Academic Staff Mobility

Within the programme Erasmus+, university teachers can teach in a partner university and academic staff can participate in the working visits, training seminars and conferences provided by a host company or a partner higher education institution abroad. Teaching at a university abroad can last from 1 day to 6 weeks and it follows the pre-agreed teaching program. Teachers and staff of universities receive a grant for these activities.

Within Erasmus+ programme, university teachers and academic staff can take part in:

  • Teaching assignments a
  • Trainings.

Mobility of university teachers is supported also by the programme CEEPUS, which is an exchange programme for universities in Central and Eastern Europe.

Another mechanism is the National Scholarship Programme for university teachers and researchers of the Slovak Academy of Sciences. The administrative support of the National Scholarship Programme is provided by SAIA. University teachers and researchers of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, residing in the Slovak Republic can apply for a travel grant in the context of their intended study or research abroad. The National Scholarship Programme of the Slovak Republic is also designed for foreign university teachers and researchers to stay at Slovak universities and research institutions.

On the basis of bilateral international agreements in the field of education and in an effort to promote development and enhance teaching of the Slovak language and culture at universities and higher education institutions there is a possibility to work abroad at lectorates of the Slovak language and culture. Selection of lectors for the lectorates is ensured by the Commission of the Ministry of Education SR for selection and assessment of lectors of the Slovak language and culture abroad. The Ministry publishes information on vacancies for lecturers of the Slovak language and culture, dates and conditions of the competitions as well as other information in the mass-media and on its web-site at the beginning of the respective year. The stay of lectors abroad may last up to 4 years. Lectorates are located in 15 countries based on bilateral contracts.


Legislative References

Act No. 131/2002 on higher education and on the change and supplement to some acts as amended by subsequent provision (Act of the National Council of SR).
Act No. 293/2007 on recognition of professional qualifications (Act of the National Council of the SR).
Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005 on the recognition of professional qualifications.