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Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

Pupil and Student Mobility

The most significant tool in scope to promote mobility in school education is the Erasmus+ programme, which connects study programmes of the Lifelong Learning Programme 2007 - 2013.

New Erasmus+ programme  combines all existing EU programmes for education, training, youth and sport including the Lifelong Learning Programme (Erasmus, Leonardo da Vinci, Comenius, Grundtvig), Youth in Action programme and five programmes of international cooperation (Erasmus Mundus, Tempus, Alfa, Edulink and programme for cooperation with industrialised countries).

Mobile learners may include pupils and “graduates” of (up to one year after school completion) secondary vocational schools who will attend practical placement in a form of:

  • Practical placement in a company or other similar organisation
  • Practical placement in a school providing vocational education including vocational training/practice.

The main coordinator of the Erasmus+ at the national level is the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport SR, which is responsible for the overall implementation of the program in accordance with the work plan. The executive agency in Slovakia in the area of education and training is the Slovak Academic Association for International Cooperation, within which the National Agency for the Erasmus+ Programme for Education and Training was created. The national agency provides the execution of Erasmus+ programme in the Slovak Republic.  

E-Twinning, since January 2014 as a part of the Erasmus+ platform to promote virtual mobility in school education, is designed for pupils from kindergarten to secondary school (aged 3 - 19 years). It allows networking of teachers registered in the database, online training events on the European portal, as well as work in specialized educational groups. In Slovakia, e-Twinning is ensured by the National Service for Electronic cooperation of schools at Žilina University,

The community programme Youth in Action, since January 2014 as a part of Erasmus+ platform, is managed at national level by the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport SR, which is responsible for the overall program implementation. The national agency is IUVENTA – the Slovak Institute for Youth. The National Agency administers and implements the program at the national level and acts as an interface between the European Commission, organizers at the national, regional and local level and young people.

United World College (UWC) is a non-profit association of thirteen international schools, whose common goal is to spread internationalism and international understanding. Schools have a distinction of a high rate of student initiative in activities, event organisation, as well as in school administration. They are attended by students of pre-university age (usually 15-19 years old) picked in a selection process organised by national UWC committees in more than 130 states. The goal of the selection process is to make education at UWC schools accessible to students regardless of their financial situation by means of awarding scholarships.

Scholarships for two year study in one of United World College schools are designed for students of the 2nd and 3rd grades of Gymnasiums. The teaching plan and curricula are based on the International Baccalaureate programme (IB). Scholarships may include tuition fees, accommodation and board, books and teaching aids.


Educational activities for foreigners

The organizer of the Slovak language course for foreigners is the Institute for Language and Academic Preparation – a division of the Centre of Continuing Education at Comenius University in Bratislava, which organizes the annual Summer Course of the Slovak language and vocational subjects for secondary school-leavers as an introduction for the scholars to the study in the Slovak language before entering higher education study in Slovakia.


Recognition of education obtained abroad

Recognition of education obtained abroad is governed by the Decree of the Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic No. 207/1993 of Law Code which defines the details of equivalence of documents issued by foreign primary and secondary schools and by Act No. 293/2007 of Law Code on Recognition of Professional Qualification.

In the process of recognition of the study completed abroad it is necessary to contact the headteacher of the home school, who will compare the curriculum and identify subjects in which commission examinations need to be made. The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the SR will issue a standpoint for the headteacher, which is recommendatory in character and convert the evaluation of the study into the Slovak grading scale.

If the study abroad was undertaken at an accredited secondary school, it is possible to recognize the relevant year after comparing the secondary school curriculum. The headteacher of the home secondary school will determine the subjects, which shall require additional examination.

Additional examination will be prescribed by the headteacher of the home school in case that only a part of primary or secondary study was completed abroad; or the regional education authorities, if primary or secondary education was completed abroad. Examination from the Slovak language and literature is mandatory for the citizens of the Slovak Republic provided that the subject was not completed abroad.

To document the skills and experiences obtained during a stay abroad, the European Europass portfolio is used. It also facilitates and assists in finding a job, when applying for a variety of educational programs; it helps employers in assessing qualifications of employment applicants. It has a uniform structure. Its accessibility and promotion is co-ordinated by the National Europass Centre (NEC). The NEC activities were entrusted to the Centre for Recognition of Diplomas of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the SR.

Teacher Mobility

The possibility of teachers´ stays abroad or access of foreign teachers to our educational institutions at the level of school education is provided by Erasmus+ programme.

Kindergartens, primary and secondary schools may send their employees abroad with the goal of their further professional development by means of attending courses and trainings. Teaching assignments allow teachers to experience teaching in a partner school abroad in the form of a work placement.
Quality information and counselling helpful in the decision making process as well as in successful execution and fulfilment of mobility goals is provided by Euroguidance centre in Slovakia. The support of mobility focuses particularly on the target group of counsellors. For more information see chapter Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education.

Legislative References

Act No. 245/2008 on education and training (Education Law) and on the change and supplement to some acts as amended by subsequent provisions (Act of the National Council of the SR).
Decree No. 207/1993 whereby the details on equivalence of diplomas issued by foreign primary and secondary schools are set up (Decree of the Ministry of Education and Science of the SR).
Act No. 293/2007 on recognition of professional qualifications as amended by subsequent provision (Act of the National Council of the SR).