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Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

Schools and school facilities are managed by the headteacher. Other management staff are heads of organisation sections that are established according to organisation order of the institution. As a rule, they are the following positions:

  • deputy headteacher (for example, primary school deputy headteacher for kindergarten, deputy headteacher for general subjects, deputy headteacher for vocational subjects, deputy headteacher  for out-of-school activities, deputy headteacher for practical training, deputy headteacher  for technical-economic activities, and others),
  • the other head educational staff (for example, head foreman for practical training, head educator, head of the centre of practical teaching), and
  • the other heads of various (non-pedagogical) organization sections (for example, head of school canteen, head of economic section).

One of the basic conditions for appointing into a position is meeting qualification conditions:

  • acquisition of higher education of the second stage, for kindergarten headteachers also higher education of the first stage,
  • at least five years of practice teaching,
  • completion of the appropriate form of further education and training.

The scope of rights and duties of headteacher of school and school facility are set by the Act on State administration and school self-governance in education.

He is responsible for observance of generally binding rules, study plans and syllabi, for professional and educational standard of educational work and for effective use of funds allotted for provision of the school activities and for property management. The other duties of the headteacher are set by the Work Order for educational staff and other employees of the schools and school facilities that was issued by the Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic (No. 1315/2002 – 12 as of 2-10-2003). Article 12 of this Order reads that the management staff is obliged to:

  • to manage and control and regularly evaluate  the work results of employees
  • to get subordinate employees familiar with organisation rules, labour legal rules, etc.
  • to create favourable working conditions and ensure security and health protection  at work
  • to use economically and purposefully the equipment and funds obtained
  • provide for remuneration of employees according to legal rules and collective agreements
  • to create favourable conditions for elevating professional level of employees and for fulfilment of their social needs
  • to secure so that no abridgement of working discipline took place
  • to adopt early and efficient measures for protection of the employer’s property.

The Education Act has also amended and supplemented the responsibilities of the headteacher. According to this amendment the headteacher is responsible for:

  • adherence to the state educational programmes designed for the school he manages,
  • drafting and adherence to the school educational programme and instructional programme,
  • elaboration and fulfilment of the annual plan of the in-service teacher training,
  • annual evaluation of educational and professional staff.

A municipality or autonomous region are obliged to provide legal counselling to headteachers and they also cooperate at provision of school staffing.

The headteacher of primary school executes state administration at the first level. He decides on:

  • admission of the pupil to the primary school,
  • postponement of the start of compulsory school attendance of the pupil,
  • additional postponement of compulsory school attendance,
  • exemption of the pupil from the obligation to attend school,
  • exemption of the pupil from education in individual subjects or their parts,
  • permission to complete school attendance outside the territory of the Slovak Republic,
  • imposition of educational measures,
  • permission to take the commission examination,
  • permission to take examinations in individual subjects also by an applicant who is not a pupil of the school,
  • determination of contribution of pupil’s guardian for partial coverage of costs for care provided to pupil in the school and school facility (§ 35),
  • individual education of pupil,
  • individual education of pupil abroad,
  • enabling an individual study of the pupil according to individual study plan,
  • education of pupil in schools founded by another State at the territory of the Slovak Republic  with the consent of the Embassy of the other State.

Headteacher of basic school of art executes the state administration at the first level. He decides on:

  • admission and classification of applicant to the study,
  • interruption of the study
  • approval of the transition to higher grade,
  • premature accomplishment of the study,
  • approval to repeat the grade,
  • approval to take an examination re-sit,
  • determination of contribution of pupil’s guardian  for partial coverage of  costs.

The headteacher of secondary school executes state administration at the first level. He decides on:

  • admission of the pupil to study in secondary school,
  • exemption of pupil from the duty to attend the school,
  • exemption of the pupil from the study of individual subjects or their parts,
  • enabling the pupil to study according to an individual educational plans,
  • permission to complete a period of one’s studies at a school of similar type abroad,
  • interruption of studies,
  • permission to change field of study,
  • transfer of pupil to primary school during completing the compulsory schooling,
  • permission to repeat the grade,
  • imposition of educational measures,
  • permission to take a commission examination,
  • permission to take an exam from particular subjects also for the applicant, who does not attend the school,
  • approval of a scholarship,
  • determination of contribution of the pupil’s  guardian to partial coverage of  costs for care provided in the school or school facilities,
  • individual education of the pupil,
  • recognition of secondary school-leaving examination in foreign language.

The headteacher of a secondary school may, according to the kind, type and size of the school and on the opinion of the school board, appoint and recall:

  • at gymnasium and secondary vocational school the deputy for education and the deputy for technical-economic activities,
  • at sports gymnasium and other secondary school with classes of top-performance sports training, besides the deputy, also the deputy for sports training.

For more information see Chapter Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level.


Requirements for Appointment as a School Head

The headteacher is appointed and recalled by the founder of the school upon the proposal of the respective school board on the basis of the competition. The competition is announced by the founder through press or other mass media. The employment is concluded by the statutory body that appointed him to the function. By recalling from function the employment does not terminate.

The headteacher must fulfil qualification requirements of education for the given type of school or kind of school facility, after appointment to the function he/she must complete the appropriate form of in-service training and have personality and moral preconditions, show good results in professional and methodical work and good command of Slovak language in official contacts it regards (members of national minorities) and at least five years of teaching experience.

The functional period of a headteacher is five years. The tasks of selection committee are fulfilled by the school board. The functional period of those who has filled their posts for a shorter period, shall terminate after five years.


Conditions of Service

When fulfilling his tasks the headteacher of school and school facility follows the appropriate regulations mentioned above. The scope of his rights and duties is laid down in  on the state administration in education and educational self-government in education. In addition to these duties he fulfils the basic load with consideration to the type of school and number of classes, or pupils. The basic load is from 3 to 23 hours. The management staff receives for the managerial activities an extra pay. It is determined by the employer as a percentage share from the salary brackets of the highest salary grade he/she was ranked into. The range is shown in Annex of Act on remuneration of some employees at the work performance in public interest. The management is entitled to extra payment. Since the remuneration is upon by the founder, the extra payment (that means, 12% of the salary bracket) for management is determined by:

  • the Mayor - in case that the founder is municipality
  • the Chairman of self-governing region – in case that the founder is an self-governing region
  • the Chief – in case of the regional school authority.


Legislative References:

Act No. 245/2008 on education and training (Education Act) and on the change and supplement to some acts as amended by subsequent provisions (Act of the National Council of the SR).
Act No. 317/2009 on professional and pedagogical employees and professional employees and on the change and supplement to some acts (Act of the National Council of the SR) .
Act No. 553/2003 on remuneration of some employees at the work performance in public interest and on the change and supplements to some acts (Act of the National Council of the SR).
Act No. 596/2003 on state administration in education and school self-government and on change and supplements of some acts as amended by subsequent provisions (Act of the National Council of the SR).