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Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

The most important reason for inception of the Lifelong Learning (LFL) and Lifelong Guidance  (LFG) strategies was the system need to encompass the existing subsystems of education (formal, non-formal education and informal learning), to mutually open them and interlink to functional relations supplemented by Lifelong Guidance in such a way as to fulfil the real needs of the citizens, employers, public administration and educational institutions. The strategy applies to primary schools, secondary schools, higher education institutions, further education and adult education.

In April 2007 the government approved the Strategy of Lifelong Learning (LFL) and Lifelong Guidance  (LFG) by the Decree No. 382/2007. It contains a proposal of the system, aims, analysis and financing lifelong learning and lifelong guidance, a proposal of the system of education quality control and system of recognition of the non-formal education and informal learning results. The main aim of the strategy consists in completing the system of lifelong learning and system of lifelong guidance in such a way as to make easier the citizens’ approach to repeated and flexible acquisition of new qualifications through a high-quality education received, in addition to formal education, also in non-formal system of education and in the system of informal learning by help of complex guidance services during the entire life of man while observing the equality of opportunities.

For fulfilling the main aim it is inevitable to complete the following priorities:

  1. Monitoring and prognosticating of education needs of citizens and employees 
  2. Provision of the system of quality control in lifelong learning and lifelong guidance
  3. Recognition of non-formal education and informal learning
  4. Efficient investment in lifelong learning and lifelong guidance  
  5. Development of key competencies for lifelong learning
  6. Provision of complex information services for lifelong learning and lifelong guidance and development of learning regions
  7. Efficient planning and using the resources from structural funds for completion and development of the systems of lifelong learning and lifelong guidance

Special starting points and strategies

  • Millennium – National programme of education and training in the Slovak Republic (2000)
  • Concept of lifelong learning in the Slovak Republic (2004)
  • National project  “Creation, development and  implementation of the open system of lifelong learning in the SR for the needs of labour market“ (2004)

The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the SR, as a central body of the state administration responsible for lifelong learning coordinates implementation of concrete measures and prepares in cooperation with the particular ministries, state administration, self-governance, social partners the consecutiveness of steps in which the strategy is implemented. 

A priority political measure within the framework of implementing the lifelong learning was the adoption of Act on lifelong learning, which regulates the relations between the formal, non-formal education and informal learning.

The Act defines the basic concepts associated with the theme, the types and forms of further education. It brings a new element into the system of lifelong learning, and the recognition of further education at eligible institutions. Other supporting institutes that law has defined are an information system of further education and monitoring and forecasting of education needs. Both support tools serve primarily as guidance systems, which are essential for promoting  lifelong learning.


2007 Strategy

In April 2007 the Slovak Government adopted the Strategy of Lifelong Learning and Lifelong Guidance (hereinafter referred to as the “2007 Strategy”) with an estimated completion date of 2015, which indicated several key priorities to support the system of lifelong learning in the Slovak Republic.

One of the 2007 Strategy’s outcomes was the adoption of Act on lifelong learning, which established several important mechanisms for the further development of the lifelong learning system.


2011 Strategy

Updated Lifelong Learning Strategy 2011 has been approved by the Government of the Slovak Republic by its Resolution No. 657/2011 of 12 October 2011 as an essential starting material on development of lifelong learning in Slovakia. The Slovak Republic has been thus involved in completing the Europe 2020 Strategy, which considers the advancement of its member countries in this area as a key one. The contact point of the European Commission for promotion of aims of the Lifelong Learning Strategy 2011 became the National Institute of Lifelong Learning.

The aim of the Strategy innovation is to focus on the development of the key skills and competences of individuals enabling them to raise their qualifications and support their personal growth. The Strategy will help them to continually educate themselves to be employable, to be able to integrate properly into society and develop their personality.

The goal of the Lifelong Learning Strategy 2011 is to support the creation of the necessary conditions to develop a functioning system of lifelong learning for everyone. The 2011 Strategy concentrates mainly on the most problematic areas of lifelong learning in the SR, which affect its further development.

Key priorities of the 2011 Strategy:

  • Attitude of individuals and their motivation towards lifelong learning
  • Bringing learning outcomes closer to the employers’ needs
  • System and structure of guidance services with emphasis on the adult population
  • The individual’s competency level to promote professional and personal growth: financial literacy, entrepreneurial competencies, ability to communicate in world languages, digital literacy, active citizenship
  • Financing of further education

The Strategy’s cross-sectional priorities are: to measure the achieved learning outcomes, which is comprehensively described in a separate chapter of the Strategy, and to verify the achieved education level by means of verifying the professional competence.


Assessment of the lifelong learning strategy and the action plan of lifelong learning strategy for 2015

In January 2016, The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport presented an informative Report on the implementation of tasks set out in the Lifelong learning strategy 2011 at the Slovak Government meeting.

The report is divided into two parts: 

  • Lifelong learning strategy – assessment of the current situation
  • Action plan of the lifelong learning strategy 2011  – assessment of tasks

The goal of the report is to describe the current state of the implementation of tasks set out in the lifelong learning strategy 2011. Creation of the assessment report was a prerequisite for further systematic progress in the area of lifelong learning in Slovakia. Similar assessment is planned in 2017 and 2020.


Information system of further education

Information system for further education is a tool of free access to citizens, employers, public administration and institutions to education. It contains a database of educational institutions, lectors and accredited educational programmes. The administrator of an information system for further education is the Ministry of education.

Information system of the further education consists of:

  • Register of educational institutions which provide accredited educational programmes
  • Register of accredited educational programmes,
  • Register of participants in further education,
  • Information regarding the verification of professional competence,
  • List of qualifications.

Based on the Act on lifelong learning all institutions providing further education have a duty to provide the Ministry of education, science, research and sport of the Slovak Republic to 15 February of the following year statistical data.


Lifelong Guidance

Lifelong learning guidance system is gradually developed in order to cover all target groups of population and to comply with the definition of OECD (2004) to become a career counselling service for all throughout their lives.

Educational counsellors who work in primary and secondary schools since 1962, respectively 1966, but also class teachers and others enhance their skills and competences in the field of career counselling by specialized innovative studies and other educational programmes  realised  continuously  since  2004  by Methodological educational centres (directly managed organization MESRaS  SR providing further education to educational and professional staff in resort).

For more information on lifelong learning guidance see chapter 12.8 Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach.


Legislation References

Act No. 568/2009 on lifelong learning and on the change and supplemet to some acts (Act of the National Council of the SR).
The Act No. 312/2013 on pedagogical and professional employees and on the change and supplement to some acts (Act of the national Council of the Slovak Republic).