This page was last modified on 19 June 2014, at 13:38.

Slovakia:Introduction

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary


Changes in our society after 1989 called for a change of the system of education and the content of education and training process gradually began to be innovated. This period can be characterized as the transformation of the system of education with several stages.

In 2001, the Resolution of the Government of the SR No. 1193/2001 introduced the National Programme of Education and Training in the Slovak Republic for the next 15 - 20 years (hereinafter referred to as „Milénium“) defining the major priorities and characterizing the changes necessary to increase the population’s level of education. Milénium described the strengths and weaknesses of the Slovak system of education between 1990 and 2000 and set the basic foundations and principles of changes in education and training. The material contains description of the biggest problems in regional education and describes the most significant causes of these and defines the target state, changes, and at the same time the proposal of legislative measures, particularly in relation to the amendment of the Education Act, Act on Vocational Education and Training, Act on State Administration in Education and School Self-Governing Bodies, Act on Financing of Primary Schools, Secondary Schools and School Facilities, as well as a proposal to amend other generally binding legal regulations.

The first specific significant changes took place after the adoption of the Act no. 596/2003 of Law Code on State Administration in Education and School Self-Governing Bodies, which propagated the process of decentralisation and defined the jurisdiction, organisation and role of state administration bodies in education. At the same time, the Act no. 597/2003 of Law Code on Financing of Primary Schools, Secondary Schools and School Facilities defining the financing of schools was passed. Another substantial reform that emerged from Milénium came in 2008, when the Act No. 245/2008 of Law Code on Education and Training (Education Act), which superseded two existing acts and significantly simplified the legislative environment for schools and school facilities, was passed. Most of all, it introduced a two-level model of curricula consisting of national curricula and school curricula. The area of vocational education saw the passing of the Act No. 184/2009 on Vocational Education and Training, which for the first time defined, until the time of its approval, non-existing mechanisms ensuring participation of employers in vocational education and training. At the same time, it created conditions for improving vocational education and training. The latest reform adopted in compliance with Milénium is the Act No. 317/2009 of Law Code on Educational and Professional Staff defining qualification requirements for pedagogical and professional staff, which created conditions for professional development within the career system and introduced a system of remuneration.

Overall national education strategy and key objectives

In 2012,The Programme Statement for 2012-2016 was adopted. The key objectives in the area of education and training include the development of knowledge-based society, informatisation and digitalisation. The emphasis is put on the ongoing development of the whole system of education with a focus on the system of lifelong learning.

The Programme Statement focuses on:

  • the growth of the standard and quality of education of all citizens with an emphasis on the young generation, as well as the system of lifelong learning,
  • the development of the whole educational structure,
  • the support of the development of education directly connected with practice; it mostly concerns the legislative solution of employers’ participation in defining the requirements for the system of education, as well as the creation of space for the provision of professional practice to students at employer’s place of business,
  • the creation of conditions strengthening the education biased towards natural sciences and technology, teaching of mathematics and natural sciences. These measures were partly implemented by means of the amendment of the Act No. 184/2009 of Law Code on Vocational Education and Training. The adopted provisions allow the self-governing bodies to determine student limits for individual fields of study according to regional needs, employment structure and so on.


Overview of the education reform process and drivers

Department concepts approved by the government of the SR, by which the ministry of education defined the strategic objectives of long-term development in individual areas of regional education:

  • Concept of special-pedagogical counselling valid to 2015.
  • Concept of pedagogical-psychological counselling system and its implementation into practice valid to 2015.
  • Concept of two-level model of curricula in the area of vocational education and training in the Slovak Republic valid to 2013.
  • Concept of teaching foreign languages in primary and secondary schools valid to 2016.
  • Concept of education and training of national minorities valid to 2013.
  • Concept of education and training of Roma children and pupils including the development of secondary and higher education valid to 2013. The concept in question is valid within Decade of Roma Inclusion 2005 – 2015.