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Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

Academic guidance

Slovak legislation on guidance in further education does not provide conditions for the creation of a separate network of information guidance centres at the moment.

Offices of Labour, Social Affairs and Family provide guidance in education to their clients registered as job applicants to some extent. This guidance mostly has a form of a so called‘individual action plan’. An individual action plan is a written document defining the procedures, measures and measures implementation plan which aim to increase a disadvantaged applicant’s chances to find a job.


A pilot network of guidance centres created in CVANU project 

The National project ‘Further education and guidance for adults as a tool for better succeeding on the labour market’ (CVANU) (svk) implemented by the National Lifelong Learning Institute in 2013-2015 created a pilot network of guidance centres in Slovakia. The main goal of these guidance centres for adults is to support citizens’ lifelong learning in the area of personal development and succeeding on the labour market. They provide information on learning opportunities, arrange participation of adults in educational activities and organise educational campaigns in regions. On the 1st August 2016, the guidance network consisted of 9 guidance centres (svk) located in all self-governing regions in the Slovak Republic.


National forum for lifelong guidance

The National forum for lifelong guidance is an advisory body in the area of coordination and provision of the development of lifelong guidance system; currently, it has a small number of members and it focuses on career development and further education. It also operates within the National institute for lifelong learning. Its task is to analyse the current state of lifelong guidance and prepare policy changes in this area.


Information system of further education (ISFE) 

Information system of further education  (ISFE) (svk) is information – guidance tool designed for education institutions applying for accreditation of further education programmes, and education participants, for whom it provides basic information on accredited further education programmes. 


Psychological guidance

Psychological guidance in regions is partly provided by various state and non-profit organisations as a part of community social services plans. However, they mostly operate on an informative level. Psychological guidance for adults is provided by Offices of Labour, Social Affairs and Family and by private persons and institutions.

Psychological guidance within the scope of the Ministry of Health is also paid for from public sources of health insurance.


Career guidance

Guidance service provided by Offices of Labour 

Guidance services for the unemployed, job applicants, and citizens at risk of losing their job are provided by regional Offices of Labour, Social Affairs and Family. The offices provide their clients with information and guidance services and professional guidance services. 

Information and guidance services mainly include help with:

  • choice of a profession
  • choice of a job, including a job change
  • selection of an employee
  • employee’s adaptation to a new job

The offices also provide information on  

  • professional skills and practical experience required for jobs on the labour market , 
  • Employment opportunities in Slovakia and abroad, and possibilities and
  • conditions under which various benefits and allowances can be claimed.

Professional guidance services particularly focus on dealing with problems connected with job applicants’ work success, as well as their social and professional adaptation.

Regional Offices of Labour, Social Affairs and Family provide (in cooperation with educational institutions) also education of adults – job applicants.


Guidance-information centres for disabled citizens 

Disabled people comprise a specific target group of disadvantaged job applicants. In 2002, guidance information centres for disabled citizens (svk) started to operate within  Phare programme. Their main task is to measure work potential of disabled people and help them to succeed on the labour market adequately. At the beginning, methodologies were bought from abroad, which enabled ergonomists, professional counsellors and others to work with this target group based on detailed knowledge of its possibilities and limits when looking for a job on the open labour market. Currently, there are   six such centres.  


Non-state employment services 

In 2004 sheltered employment agencies  became one of non-state employment services alongside guidance information centres in compliance with the Act on Employment services. There are approximately 50 such agencies  in Slovakia today. These agencies provide services aiming to keep employment or facilitate finding a job for disabled citizens and the long-term unemployed. They also provide professional guidance to employers on adapting work positions and work requirements to a specific disabled citizen.


Legislation

Act no č. 5/2004 on employment services as amended (Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic). 
Act no. 131/2002 on higher education and on change and amendments to some acts as amended (Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic). 
Act no. 568/2009 on lifelong learning and on change and amendment of some acts as amended (Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic)