This page was last modified on 27 January 2014, at 09:34.

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

The subject of the assessment and marking is the level of achieved knowledge, skills and competences of pupil according to valid  curriculum and educational standards. The behaviour of pupil cannot have any influence on pupils ´ assessment  and marking.

Methodical Guidelines No. 8/2009-R of 14th May 2009 on assessment and marking the secondary school pupils regulates the procedure at:

  • assessment and marking of the results of secondary school pupils,
  • assessment and marking of pupils’ behaviour,
  • taking measures in education,
  • total evaluation of pupils,
  • commissional examinations,
  • keeping documents on education and some school print forms.

A pupil has the right to know what and in which manner will be assessed, and to learn the result of each assessment, and is entitled to impartial evaluation.


Student Assessment

The assessment and marking of pupils’ achievement and behaviour are treated in section 55 of the Education act No. 245/2008 and the Decree No. 282/2009. In agreement with this Act the pupil assessment is carried out according to the level of achieved results through:

  • oral assessment
  • marking
  • combination of marking and oral assessment.

The pupils achievements in individual subjects are marked by the following credit scale:

  • excellent (1),
  • laudable (2),
  • good (3),
  • satisfactory (4),
  • fail (5).

The headteacher of the secondary school announces which subjects are marked and which are not marked at the latest on the first day of the school year. In subjects that are not marked the certificates show “he/she passed” or “he/she failed” in agreement with the school educational programme. Ethics alternated with Religion is not a subject of marking. If the pupil is exempt from classes of a compulsory subject and does not take commissional examination, the note "exempt" is indicated at the certificate. The results of assessment and marking are regularly provided by the secondary school via classroom teacher to the parent, legal guardian or the person who has nourishing duty towards the pupil continuously. If the results or behaviour of pupil are significantly worst, the headteacher informs parents in written.

During the school year the assessment of pupil is done by way of a mark, percentual or verbal evaluation. At the evaluation, continuous or summative marking the adequate rate of demands and pedagogical tact towards pupil, his performance are evaluated in complex way. The pupils efforts are considered and his/her human rights are respected to full degree. The assessment is considered to be a motivation and educational means.

The rules of good conduct of pupils make up a part of school order containing their rights and responsibilities.

Pupil’s behaviour is assessed as follows:

  • very good (1),
  • satisfactory (2),
  • less satisfactory (3),
  • dissatisfactory (4).

The measures in education for exemplary behaviour, due fulfilment of duties, extraordinary expression of activity and initiative, long-lasting conscientious work, expressive prosocial behaviour, which positively influence climate in classroom and school, for meritorous and brave deed, the pupil may be presented an appraisal or other award (teacher, headteacher, founder of the school, deputy of the State administration or minister of education).

For less serious or repeated misdemeanours against school rules, principles of coexistence, moral norms of the society, or if the pupil infringes activity of the team, he may be set admonition or lecture (from classroom teacher, educator, foreman, headteacher).

For serious or repeated transgression against school rules the pupil may be conditionally dismissed from school or even from study.

The overall evaluation of a secondary school pupil done in mid-year and at the end of the school year expresses the results of his/her marking in subjects and assessment of his/her behaviour. The overall evaluation in mid-year and at the end of the school year is expressed as follows:

  • He/she passed with honours,
  • He/she passed very well,
  • He/she passed,
  • He/she failed.

Commissional examinations are held:

  • if the differential examination is held in secondary schools,
  • if the examination is taken on alternative date,
  • if the pupil or his/her guardian requests for the examination,
  • if the examination is taken at headteacher’s initiative,
  • if the pupil takes re-sit examinations,
  • in the study according to individual study plan in secondary schools,
  • in case of exemption of the pupil from compulsory schooling,
  • at practical examinations and examinations in major subjects at the end of the first and second half-a-year,
  • in the study of individual subjects,
  • at fulfilling a special way of school attendance,
  • at individual education.

The examination board is composed of three members and the pupil´s guardian may take part in it.  The examination results are publicly announced by chairman of the board on the day of taking the examination and the result is final for the pupil.

In the recent years information on quality of work results at gymnasium and experiences with tests and evaluation has been received by monitoring of pupil's knowledge and skills in the last grades of study.

The quality of educational process is also reflected in the results of various competitions for secondary schools pupils. The competitions take place in more rounds: school, district, regional and national. The organization and management of the competitions follow individual organizational orders (OO) for contests that are registered at MESRS SR. Pupils take active part in international rounds of subject ‘Olympics’.

Progression of Students

All pupils of secondary school, except of those who failed, move on to a next grade. A pupil who fails in two compulsory subjects at most may with the headteacher’s approval, take a re-sit. After its successful passing he/she moves on to the next grade. If the pupil fails re-sit, the headteacher can allow him/her to repeat the grade. In the course of study the pupil can transfer to another school. The transition of a pupil is decided by headteacher of the secondary school that the pupil chose to transfer to. The content, scope and date of the differential examination to be taken by the pupil upon the transition are set by headteacher of the secondary school to which the pupil has been transferred.

Certification

At the end of the school year the school issues for the pupil a certificate showing  results of his assessments for both the first term and the second term. Patterns of certificates in printed and electronic forms are subject of approval by the ministry of education.

Decree No. 318/2008 as amended stipulates ways manners of studies completion at secondary schools, list of subjects of school-leaving examination of which external part and a written form of internal part of the examination consists; composition of subjects of school-leaving examination at individual secondary schools, details of form  of school-leaving examination procedure , theoretical part of vocational component, practical part of vocational component graduation examination, art work of graduates, themes for  graduate essays, manner of execution of school-leaving examination for pupils with disabilities health handicaps, guidelines instructions for external part, written form of internal part and internal part execution of the school-leaving examination, details on assessment and classification of the school-leaving examination, final post-secondary examination, final examination and graduation examination.

The education and training in secondary schools may be completed by:

  • final examination,
  • secondary school-leaving examination,
  • final postsecondary examination,
  • vocational part of school-leaving examination,
  • graduation examination.


Final Examination

The final examination is aimed at attestation of pupils’ knowledge and skills in the extent of subject matter determined by educational standards of the State educational  programme and attestation how the pupils are prepared to use the achieved competencies at pursuit of occupations and professional activities for which they are being trained.  The pupil may take the final examination if he/she has successful completed the last year of educational programme of the respective field. The final examination is divided into a written part, practical part and oral part. The practical part of the final examination is completed after the written part of examination and before the oral part of examination; the practical part of the final examination may be also completed on another date especially due to seasonal works. The final examination is held in regular examination period from 16th June to 30th June or in extraordinary examination session in September or in February of the following school year. Before the beginning of the final examination the pupil does not participate in classes for three days in sequence. The latter are designed for preparation of the pupil for exam. The lower vocational secondary education, (lower secondary), which the pupil will receive upon successful completing of the last year of 2-year educational programme in the field of education in the vocational secondary school or after successful completing of the last year of educational programme in the field of education in vocational school,  which is completed by a final examination; by a document testifying the received level of education and the achieved qualification is a certificate on final examination; in  trades specified by the State educational programme a document on the received qualification  may be also a Certificate on Apprenticeship.


School-leaving examination

School-leaving examination completes studies at:

  • minimum four-year and at maximum eight-year educational programme of field of education at gymnasium
  • minimum four-year and at maximum five-year educational programme of field of study at secondary vocational school
  • follow-up study which continue after the previous vocational  l education and preparation in  related field of study
  • in the fourth grade of study at six-year educational programme of a conservatory and in the eight grade of study at dance conservatory.

A pupil is allowed to take the school-leaving examination only in those subjects, which he/she had studied and, if he/she wishes, also in subjects that are not compulsory. The pupil of the last grade will announce by 30th September to his/her form teacher the subjects that he/she has chosen for his/her secondary school-leaving examination.

The external part of  school-leaving examination consists of a written test that is taken in the same time all over the territory of the SR. The internal part of the secondary school-leaving examination in individual subjects of the school-leaving examination may be also taken in the form of

  • oral examination,
  • practical examination,
  • complex task or an artistic performance,
  • defence of complex specialist thesis or project or successful competition work,
  • realisation and defence of experiment,
  • combination of forms according to previous credits.

The written form of internal part of y school-leaving examination is a written test which is taken in the same time all over the territory of the SR. The internal part of school-leaving examination is public, except for its written form. The pupil is allowed to take in one day the internal part of school-leaving examination (except for the written form) in at most three subjects. The pupil will take the internal part in the course of at most five working days. The pupil will thus take the school-leaving examination in the language in which he had studied the subject. Before the start of taking the internal part of the school-leaving examination, except for its written form, the pupil does not take part in classes for five days. These days are meant for preparation of the pupil for examination. The school-leaving examination is to be taken in regular examination session from March to June of the respective school year or in extra examination session in April up to May of the respective school year or in September, or  in February of the following school year.

At some secondary schools there is an online testing of external part of the school-leaving examination in Mathematics and English within the project “Maturita online”.

The pupil with special education needs which do not allow him/her to take the school-leaving examination in a standard way, takes the examinations under conditions adjusted to him/her as set up in Annex to the above Act, that is, the school leaving tests will be adapted to them according to degree of their disability, using enlarged letters, transparently divided text, underlined substance of the assignment. The blind pupils will work with texts in Brailles. From the total number of about 60 000 secondary school pupils about 300 pupils are those with special education needs.

In classes with two languages of instruction, the education of which is regulated by international agreement, the school-leaving examination is taken according to this agreement and practice.

If a pupil, his/her guardian or other person appointed by the latter is not satisfied with evaluation of the school-leaving examination, or its written part, he/she may ask the headteacher for examining his/her written work and compare its evaluation with the key of correct responses and the rules of evaluating the work within five days from the date of learning the results. In case that the complaint on evaluation of the school-leaving examination is justified, re-sit exam is held before a subject commission in its original composition.


Certification - Gymnasia

The study in gymnasium empowers the pupil to receive:

  • upper secondary general education completed with the school-leaving certificate, to be achieved by successful  completing of the last year of at least 4-year and at most 8-year educational programme in  the study field in gymnasia to be completed by the secondary school-leaving examination; and a document of the achieved level of education is a certificate on the school-leaving examination


Legislation reference

Act No. 245/2008 on education and training (Education Act) and on the change and supplement to some acts as amended by subsequent provisions (Act of the National Council of the SR).
Decree No. 282/2009 on Secondary Schools as amended by subsequent provisions (Decree of the Ministry of Education of the SR).
Decree No. 318/2008 on completing the study at secondary schools as amended by subsequent provisions (Decree of the Ministry of Education of the SR).