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Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

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Overview Slovakia

Contents

Slovakia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Slovakia:Historical Development

Slovakia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Slovakia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Slovakia:Political and Economic Situation

Slovakia:Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Slovakia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Slovakia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Slovakia:Organisation of Private Education

Slovakia:National Qualifications Framework

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Slovakia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Slovakia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Slovakia:Funding in Education

Slovakia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Slovakia:Higher Education Funding

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Slovakia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Slovakia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Slovakia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Slovakia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Slovakia:Higher Education

Slovakia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Slovakia:First Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Bachelor

Slovakia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Slovakia:Second Cycle Programmes

Slovakia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Slovakia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Slovakia:Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Slovakia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Slovakia:Main Providers

Slovakia:Main Types of Provision

Slovakia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Slovakia:Teachers and Education Staff

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Management and Other Education Staff

Slovakia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Slovakia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Slovakia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Quality Assurance

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Slovakia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Educational Support and Guidance

Slovakia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Slovakia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Slovakia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Slovakia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Slovakia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Higher Education

Slovakia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Slovakia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Slovakia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Slovakia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Slovakia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Slovakia:National Reforms in School Education

Slovakia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Slovakia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Slovakia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Slovakia:European Perspective

Slovakia:Legislation

Slovakia:Institutions

Slovakia:Glossary

General Administration at Local Level

The territorial self-governance is executed by municipalities and higher territorial units (see also chapter Main Executive and Legislation Bodies).

The municipality

  • establishes and dissolves, to the extent of  transferred execution of state administration, the primary schools according to the network of schools  and school establishments,
  • appoints the headteachers of schools and school facilities he had founded, on the basis of the competition, to be carried out by the school self-governing body – the school board; he recalls the headteachers of schools and school facilities it had founded,
  • establishes and dissolves in the process of self-government the basic schools of art, pre-primary establishments, school clubs for children, school centres for free-time activities, catering centres, language schools at primary schools and school service centres,
  • creates the conditions for compulsory school attendance at primary schools,
  • executes administration of schools and school establishments, control of  management of the school financial and material resources and control of  effectiveness of management of municipality property in administration of school,
  • secures premises and material and technical equipment for teaching process, didactit technology, financial resources for operation and maintenance, and investment recourses.

In addition, the municipality:

  • executes state administration at the first level in matters of threatening the early childhood education or neglecting the care for compulsory school attendance,
  • executes, as an educational  authority, the state administration at the second level in matters of primary schools it had founded and where the decision-making at the first level was upon the head teacher,
  • approves contract proposal on rent of school buildings and adjacent premises of schools or school facilities it had founded,
  • discusses with the school board and headteacher of the school or educational establishment the budget and material and technical conditions for activity, personnel, material and social conditions of employees, reports on educational activity, its results and conditions, reports on results of economical management, concept of investment development of schools and school establishments it had founded,
  • approves, at request, school educational programme of primary school and educational programme of school establishment it had founded,
  • handles complaints, incentives and petitions of citizens and guardians of pupils of  schools and school establishments it had  founded, in the set areas.


Educational Institutions, Administration, Management

Education is provided by the school and out-of-school educational institutions within their area of competence. They are the following:

  • primary schools, secondary schools and higher education institutions
  • educational establishments of the central bodies of state administration
  • educational establishments of professional organisations and professional unions
  • educational establishments of municipalities and towns
  • educational establishments of cooperatives
  • educational establishments of civil and special-interest associations
  • educational establishments of churches and religious communities
  • educational establishments of cultural-educational establishments
  • educational establishments of labour organisations,
  • educational establishments of physical and legal entities.
  • Educational Institutions, Administration and Management at Pre-primary level


The pre-school facilities

The pre-school facilities is managed by the headteacher, who is also responsible for its activities. In his absence the headteacher is substituted by his deputy. A special kindergarten along with a special school of a different type for equally handicapped children, can be managed by one headteacher.

For more information see chapter Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education.

The Act enables unification of several pre-primary facilities or pre-primary facilities with primary school of the same founder in one legal entity.


Primary school

Primary school is managed by the headteacher who is also responsible for its activities (observance of the legal rules, state and school education programme, professional and educational level of the school work, and the effective use of funds).

The advisory body of the headteacher in educational-organisational questions is the pedagogical board. All teachers of the school are members of the Board.

The School Board is an advisory self-governing body expressing and asserting the public interests and interests of pupils, parents and teachers in the field of education. It is a duty of headteacher to create conditions for establishment and activity of the School Board. The School Board is established at schools according to a special rule.

For more information see chapter Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education.


Basis School Art

The basic school of art is managed by the headteacher who is appointed on the basis of the result of competition by the appropriate founder. The headteacher of the church or private basic school of art is appointed or recalled by the founder of the school.

The headteacher of the school is responsible for ensuring the observance of generally binding rules, educational plans and curricula, for the professional and pedagogical level of the educational work and efficient and economic use of the school property. The headteacher of the basic school of art may authorise any teacher to manage the school branch.

An advisory body of the headteacher for questions of art is represented by the art council that discusses the problems of art education of pupils. The art council is composed of the school headteacher, deputy headteachers, heads of departments and of subject commissions, eventually, some teachers of the school.

For more information see chapter Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education.


Secondary school

Secondary school  is managed by the headteacher, who is also responsible for the pedagogical and professional level of educational work, for labour safety and protection, for the economy of the school. The headteacher of a secondary school, which has not been established by the regional board is appointed and recalled by the founder on the basis of school board proposal (the Act No.596/2003 of the Law Code). The headteacher of a secondary school executes state administration at the first level.

The headteacher of secondary school designates class-teachers, educational counsellor and heads of methodical departments or different curricular review groups. He sets up his advisory bodies, namely the pedagogical board, advisory body, methodical departments, different curricular review groups. At art-handicraft schools of applied art, secondary art schools, conservatoires and dance conservatoires he sets up the art council. The headteacher of secondary school enables the set-up and activities of the pupils’ council.

For more information see chapter Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education.


Higher education institutions

Statutory body of the higher education institution is the Chancellor. He manages it and acts on its behalf and represents it outwardly.  He accounts for his activity to the Academic Senate of the public higher education institution and in activities set by law to the Minister. The faculty is represented by the Dean. He manages it and he acts in matters of the faculty. He is responsible for his activity to Academic Senate of the Faculty and for specified activities to the Chancellor. The Chancellor is substituted by Vice-Chancellors, the Dean is substituted by Vice-Deans.

For more information see chapter Management Staff for Higher Education.

The higher  professional education (post-secondary –ISCED 4 or tertiary –ISCED 5B ) are provided by secondary schools according to Education Act.