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Serbia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

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Overview Serbia

Contents

Serbia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Serbia:Historical Development

Serbia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Serbia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Serbia:Political and Economic Situation

Serbia:Organisation and Governance

Serbia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Serbia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Serbia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Serbia:Organisation of Private Education

Serbia:National Qualifications Framework

Serbia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Serbia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Serbia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Serbia:Funding in Education

Serbia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Serbia:Higher Education Funding

Serbia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Serbia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Serbia:Organisation

Serbia:Teaching and Learning

Serbia:Assessment

Serbia:Organisational Variations

Serbia:Primary Education

Serbia:Organisation of Primary Education

Serbia:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Serbia:Assessment in Primary Education

Serbia:Organisational Variations in Primary Education

Serbia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Serbia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Serbia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Serbia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Serbia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Serbia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Serbia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Serbia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Serbia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Serbia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Serbia:Higher Education

Serbia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Serbia:First Cycle Programmes

Serbia:Bachelor

Serbia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Serbia:Second Cycle Programmes

Serbia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Serbia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Serbia:Adult Education and Training

Serbia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Serbia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Serbia:Main Providers

Serbia:Main Types of Provision

Serbia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Serbia:Teachers and Education Staff

Serbia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Serbia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Serbia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Serbia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Serbia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Serbia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Serbia:Management and Other Education Staff

Serbia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Serbia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Serbia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Serbia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Serbia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Serbia:Quality Assurance

Serbia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Serbia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Serbia:Educational Support and Guidance

Serbia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Serbia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Serbia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Serbia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Serbia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Serbia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Serbia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Mobility in Higher Education

Serbia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Serbia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Serbia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Serbia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Serbia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Serbia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Serbia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Serbia:National Reforms in School Education

Serbia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Serbia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Serbia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Serbia:European Perspective

Serbia:Legislation

Serbia:Institutions

Serbia:Glossary

The Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development in cooperation with the local authorities supervises the area of secondary education. The Law on the Education System Foundations and Law on Secondary Education are a legal basis for secondary education implementation, along with all bylaws and regulations. In compliance with these legal documents, each school is required to issue a development plan, a school programme and an annual plan. These documents regulate the organisation of all school affairs in compliance with the national Law. There are a number of institutions, regulated by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, which are responsible for education quality assurance, textbooks standards and other aspects relevant to the functioning of the education system (Institute for the Improvement of Education, National Education Council etc.)

Secondary school is not compulsory and lasts from 3 to 4 years (grades). Students usually enter secondary school at the age of 15, upon completion of primary school. The primary school final exam serves as an admission criterion, along with students’ school achievements (GPA) during their primary education. While students’ choices of schools are taken into account, better final exam results and GPAs increase the probability of desired school enrolment.

According to the Law on Secondary Education, following types of schools are available for secondary education:

  • General secondary schools, most commonly called gymnasiums, which last 4 years and offer general education, usually followed by admission to a higher education institution. This type of school is considered completed with the passage of a graduation exam at the end of the 4th grade.
  • Vocational secondary schools that last 3 or 4 years and offer primarily specialised education (each school or program is focused on a specific field of study), which prepares students to enter the labour market or, in some cases, continue their education. The completion of a vocational secondary school involves the passage of a graduation exam (for 4-year programmes) or a final exam (for 3-year programmes) at the end of the final grade.
  • Mixed secondary schools offer a combination of general and vocational education. These schools commonly exist in small towns, usually as the only locally available schools.
  • Art schools, such as music and ballet schools. These schools can be mixed schools with both art and general education subjects. Alternatively, students may enrol in an art school and another general or vocational secondary school at the same time. 
  • Adult education schools that can be general or vocational.
  • Special education secondary schools for students who cannot participate in regular schools. Students with disabilities are encouraged to participate in regular schools when possible.

Schools are mainly public and free, although private schools are also available. The language of instruction is Serbian, while other languages of instruction for national minorities are available where necessary (e.g. Hungarian, Romanian, Albanian etc.). Distance-learning and home-teaching are also possible options in both general and vocational secondary education.

All post-secondary educational institutions, including both universities and “higher schools” or colleges, are considered as tertiary education institutions and are described in the Higher Education section.