This page was last modified on 9 July 2012, at 08:00.

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Romania

Contents

Romania:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Romania:Historical Development

Romania:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Romania:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Romania:Political and Economic Situation

Romania:Organisation and Governance

Romania:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Romania:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Romania:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Romania:Organisation of Private Education

Romania:National Qualifications Framework

Romania:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Romania:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Romania:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Romania:Funding in Education

Romania:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Romania:Higher Education Funding

Romania:Adult Education and Training Funding

Romania:Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Primary Education

Romania:Organisation of Primary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Romania:Assessment in Primary Education

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Romania:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Higher Education

Romania:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Romania:First Cycle Programmes

Romania:Bachelor

Romania:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Romania:Second Cycle Programmes

Romania:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Romania:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Romania:Adult Education and Training

Romania:Distribution of Responsibilities

Romania:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Romania:Main Providers

Romania:Main Types of Provision

Romania:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Romania:Teachers and Education Staff

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Management and Other Education Staff

Romania:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Romania:Management Staff for Higher Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Quality Assurance

Romania:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Educational Support and Guidance

Romania:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Romania:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Romania:Mobility and Internationalisation

Romania:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Mobility in Higher Education

Romania:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Romania:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Romania:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:National Reforms in School Education

Romania:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Romania:National Reforms in Higher Education

Romania:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Romania:European Perspective

Romania:Legislation

Romania:Institutions

Romania:Bibliography

Romania:Glossary

Definition of the target group(s)

The education in Romania of foreign citizens is regulated through the law. According to the provisions of the Decision, foreign citizens or Romanian citizens residing abroad can attend education in Romania based on scholarships granted by the Romanian state or on their own expenses.

The following categories of foreign citizens can attend public education in Romania free of charge:

  • The personnel of official foreign institutions - embassies, consular offices, international organisations, etc. - as well as their families' members for all education levels. This provision applies only if the similar Romanian personnel and their families' members benefit of free of charge education in the respective countries. The official quality of the candidates in this category as well as the accomplishment of the reciprocity condition has to be confirmed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
  • The personnel of non-profit organizations and associations authorized to function on the Romanian territory, as well their families' members - for primary and gimnaziu education;
  • The families' members of teachers and researchers that deploy official activities in Romania, and of the beneficiaries of the scholarships granted by the Romanian state to foreign citizens - for primary and gimnaziu education.

Regarding refugees and persons seeking asylum, the authorities apply consistently all the corresponding provisions of the international agreements which Romania is a part of. Children of the refugees and persons seeking asylum, as well as refugee children are given both special social protection and equal opportunity to access public education.

The Romanian state ensures equal opportunity to the children of the migrant workers in accessing compulsory education. Their schooling during compulsory education is free and is provided according to the provisions of the law.

The Education Law regulates in detail, the specific conditions for organizing and accomplishing education for persons belonging to national minorities. Study streams in Hungarian and German for students belonging to these national minorities are organised in several higher education institutes. For some minority languages, specific departments are organized, either in higher education institutes or in pedagogical colleges, in order to ensure the initial training of staff involved in teaching these languages.

Specific Support Measures

In order to enroll to compulsory education, the children of the migrant workers that do not know the Romanian language have to attend and pass a free course for initiation in the Romanian language. The children of the migrant workers that know the Romanian language have to sit and pass a free examination organised by the County School Inspectorates. Upon passing the initiation course or the examination, the children of the migrant workers are enrolled in public compulsory education – all their previous studies being recognised without any other examinations. The initiation course is provided in the following conditions:

  • The duration of the course is one school year;
  • The course is provided in public educational institutions and is free of charge. The necessary costs for the initiation course are covered by the Local Councils;
  • The children are organised in 3 age-level groups: 6-12 years old, 12-14/15 years old and 15-18 years old;
  • During the initiation course, children can participate, with the agreement of the school management, to other educational activities, without being formally registered.

In the case of the children/pupils that prove an evident inadequacy to the educational standards or evident lack of knowledge of the Romanian language, the head of the school can decide, subject to the agreement of the parents, to enroll the children/pupils in a lower grade or to send them back to the Romanian language initiation courses. Alternatively, the Romanian language initiation courses can be attended in parallel with the regular courses in order to improve the communication skills of the children/pupils. Remedial teaching and other forms of support can also be provided, according to the provisions of the educational legislation.

The initiation courses are taught by Romanian language teachers, according to an adapted curricula elaborated by the National Council for Curriculum. The initial and in-service training of the teaching staff ensuring teaching of the Romanian language as the official language of the Romanian state is ensured by the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports. The Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports, in cooperation with the similar authorities in the countries of origin of the migrant workers, establishes the necessary measures to ensure teaching of the language and culture of the respective country during the compulsory education. All the necessary costs for ensuring education of the children of the migrant workers during compulsory education are supported according to the provisions of the law regarding financing of Pre-academic education.

Children of the migrant workers are granted the access to the other education levels according to the provisions of the legislation regarding schooling in Romania of the citizens from other countries.