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Romania:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Romania

Contents

Romania:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Romania:Historical Development

Romania:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Romania:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Romania:Political and Economic Situation

Romania:Organisation and Governance

Romania:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Romania:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Romania:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Romania:Organisation of Private Education

Romania:National Qualifications Framework

Romania:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Romania:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Romania:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Romania:Funding in Education

Romania:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Romania:Higher Education Funding

Romania:Adult Education and Training Funding

Romania:Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Primary Education

Romania:Organisation of Primary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Romania:Assessment in Primary Education

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Romania:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Higher Education

Romania:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Romania:First Cycle Programmes

Romania:Bachelor

Romania:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Romania:Second Cycle Programmes

Romania:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Romania:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Romania:Adult Education and Training

Romania:Distribution of Responsibilities

Romania:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Romania:Main Providers

Romania:Main Types of Provision

Romania:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Romania:Teachers and Education Staff

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Management and Other Education Staff

Romania:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Romania:Management Staff for Higher Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Quality Assurance

Romania:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Educational Support and Guidance

Romania:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Romania:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Romania:Mobility and Internationalisation

Romania:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Mobility in Higher Education

Romania:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Romania:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Romania:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:National Reforms in School Education

Romania:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Romania:National Reforms in Higher Education

Romania:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Romania:European Perspective

Romania:Legislation

Romania:Institutions

Romania:Bibliography

Romania:Glossary

The guiding and control positions in Pre-academic education are:

  • Guiding and control positions in the County School Inspectorates: school speciality inspector and school inspector;
  • Guiding and control positions in the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports: general inspector, specialty principal inspector, other positions established through Government Decision.

Management positions in the County School Inspectorates are General School Inspector and Deputy General School Inspector.

Guiding and control positions can be occupied only by permanent teachers.

The responsibilities of the inspectors are set such as to make the accomplishment of the County School Inspectorates attributions possible. Inspectors are responsible for the evaluation of the education system and educational process, according to the provisions of the law. The General School Inspector designates a certain number of schools in a specified area of the county for monitoring and evaluation for each inspector.

The main responsibilities of the inspectors include:

  • School inspections of all types – usually performed by teams of inspectors, according to the procedures, rules and regulations established through Ministerial Order;
  • Monitoring and evaluation of various activities performed within the schools in their responsibility;
  • Participation in various commissions organised at the level of the County School Inspectorates for educational planning, teachers mobility (selection, recruitment, appointment and transfers), evaluations for awarding the merit grade incentive, organisation of national exams for the pupils, etc.;
  • Support for and guiding of in-service teacher training through organising various activities at the level of the County School Inspectorate and Teaching Staff Centre;
  • Coordination of subject competitions organised for pupils.

Requirement for Appointment

Guiding and control positions can be occupied by permanent teachers with at least didactic grade II and 8 years seniority in education, distinguished for their professional, managerial and moral qualities. Appointment for guiding and control positions is based on open competitions organised by the County School Inspectorates or by the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports respectively (open recruitment procedure).

The competition for appointment in a guiding and control position is based on:

  • Analysis and evaluation of the CV;
  • Recommendation from the administration council of the educational institution where the candidate is appointed as permanent teacher;
  • Special inspection;
  • Practical test (class observation, analysis of lessons, organisation of the inspection);
  • Interview before a commission on school legislation, educational management and professional deontology.
  • Written examination according to the profile of the position (only for guiding and control positions in the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports).

Appointment in guiding and control positions in County School Inspectorates is accomplished by the General School Inspector with the agreement of the Minister of Education, Research, Youth and Sports. Appointment for guiding and control positions in the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports is accomplished through Ministerial Order.

General School Inspectors and the Deputy General School Inspectors (management positions in the County School Inspectorates) are appointed on a contract-basis for a period of 4 years by the Minister of Education, Research, Youth and Sports, through an open competition. The General School Inspector position can be occupied by permanent teachers with didactic grade I and 8 years of seniority in education, distinguished for their professional, managerial and moral qualities. The General School Inspector coordinates the entire activity of the County School Inspectorate and is subordinated to the Minister of Education, Research, Youth and Sports through the Secretary of State for Pre-academic Education.

The competition for appointment in a management position in the County School Inspectorates is based on:

  • Analysis and evaluation of the CV;
  • Professional qualities proved in teaching activity, as well as in management and/or guiding and control positions previously held;
  • A diploma de doctor or didactic grade I;
  • Interview before a ministerial commission on school inspection, school legislation, educational management and professional deontology.

Appointment of the General School Inspector and of the Deputy General School Inspector is accomplished through Ministerial Order.

Conditions of Service

As a general rule, the inspectors working in the County School Inspectorates, the General School Inspectors and the Deputy General School Inspectors are appointed for a 4-year term of office. Inspectors are appointed by the General School Inspector, with the agreement of the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports, and General and Deputy General School Inspectors are appointed though Ministerial Order. The conditions of service are established within the Teaching Staff Statute, various orders of the Minister of Education, Research, Youth and Sports, as well as within the job-description elaborated by the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports. The job-description signed by the two parts – employer and employee – becomes an annex of the individual labour contract.

As part of their activity, inspectors working in the County School Inspectorates have the obligation to perform 2 teaching periods per week. Inspectors can be paid for supplementary teaching periods – in the limit of 4 to 6 periods per week. Working time is of 40 periods per week, including teaching periods. Inspectors manage their time such as to accomplish all their duties set by the legislation.

When acting in schools as part of their duties, inspectors have to follow a set of rules of conduct established within the Ministerial Order regarding organisation and deployment of the school inspection.

The basic salaries of guiding and control personnel, as well as of management personnel in the County School Inspectorates, are established according to their teaching positions. To the basic salary is added an indemnity established within the following ranges: 30-40% for the speciality inspector; 25-30% for the school inspector; 35-45% for the Deputy General School Inspector; 45-55% for the General School Inspector; 45-50% for the speciality principal inspector or equivalent positions in the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports; 45-55% for the general inspector or equivalent positions in the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports.

Teachers appointed in management, and guiding and control positions benefit of teaching post reservation – meaning that upon finishing their term of office they can return to the previously held teaching position. At the same time, upon finishing the term of office, they can compete again for the same or another position.

Individual professional performances of the management and of guiding and control personnel are evaluated annually by the Minister of Education, Research, Youth and Sports and the General School Inspector respectively. The evaluation is similar to the one undertaken by the teachers except that is focused on the specific duties.

Considering the fact that for all guiding and control positions in Pre-tertiary education are appointed teachers for a limited period of time, all the general provisions of the legislation concerning condition of service of teachers apply accordingly.