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Romania:Reforms in School Education

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Overview Romania

Contents

Romania:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Romania:Historical Development

Romania:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Romania:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Romania:Political and Economic Situation

Romania:Organisation and Governance

Romania:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Romania:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Romania:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Romania:Organisation of Private Education

Romania:National Qualifications Framework

Romania:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Romania:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Romania:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Romania:Funding in Education

Romania:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Romania:Higher Education Funding

Romania:Adult Education and Training Funding

Romania:Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Primary Education

Romania:Organisation of Primary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Romania:Assessment in Primary Education

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Romania:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Higher Education

Romania:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Romania:First Cycle Programmes

Romania:Bachelor

Romania:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Romania:Second Cycle Programmes

Romania:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Romania:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Romania:Adult Education and Training

Romania:Distribution of Responsibilities

Romania:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Romania:Main Providers

Romania:Main Types of Provision

Romania:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Romania:Teachers and Education Staff

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Management and Other Education Staff

Romania:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Romania:Management Staff for Higher Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Quality Assurance

Romania:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Educational Support and Guidance

Romania:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Romania:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Romania:Mobility and Internationalisation

Romania:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Mobility in Higher Education

Romania:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Romania:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Romania:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:National Reforms in School Education

Romania:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Romania:National Reforms in Higher Education

Romania:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Romania:European Perspective

Romania:Legislation

Romania:Institutions

Romania:Bibliography

Romania:Glossary

2014

The reforms are ongoing.

At the beginning of 2014, Ministry of National Education completed the analysis of the services/key process in the existing education and IT system field, as well as the review activity of the National System of Indicators for Education.

For improving the access to education of disadvantaged persons, Ministry of National Education continues to implement its social programmes and it will extend programmes like A second chance, especially in the rural areas and in the areas with Roma population.

Ministry of National Education will continue the curricular reform by modernizing the school curriculum and by improving the pupils’ evaluation system. Thus, starting with 2014, Ministry of National Education will generalize the national evaluations at the end of the IInd, the IVth and the VIth grades for the skills in the vocational and technical education, too.

Assuring the quality of the educational act in the pre-university education by:

  • (a) organizing, in March of the current year, by Ministry of National Education, the simulations of the national evaluation examination at the end of the VIIIth grade and of the Baccalaureate examination, both at the XIth grade and at the XIIth grade. These simulations were conducted based on subjects established at national level and in similar conditions to the national examinations. In May 2014 the stipulations of the National Education Law No. 1/2011 concerning the generalisation of national evaluations at the end of the IInd, IVth and VIth grade will be enforced, at national level, after these evaluations have been tested in the previous school years;
  • (b) implementing the POS DRU project ”An efficient education based on fundamental decisions – Strategies of capitalizing on the international evaluations regarding the learning outcomes” by which an analysis study of the typical mistakes of pupils at PIRLS and TIMSS tests has been made. Based on the mentioned study, teachers training courses are carried out and methodological guidelines for improving teaching and skills evaluation are elaborated. 

For the purpose of improving the access to digital resources and instruments in the pre-university education, Ministry of National Education will ensure the connection of 2,400 schools to Internet at the end of the Internet in your school project and will publish on its portal the didactic resources already elaborated by means of ESF projects within POS DRU.

In 2014, Ministry of National Education will implement prevention and intervention measures, including by granting individualized support to the pupils exposed to early school leave risk by extending programmes like School after school at local level.

Ministry of National Education will implement compensation and intervention measures for the groups with specific risks, by multiplying programmes like A second chance, especially in the rural areas and in the ones with Roma population and will create the methodological framework concerning the Functional literacy for facilitating the interventions intended for increasing the literacy level.

As in the previous years, Ministry of National Education will also continue in the 2014/2015 school year to implement social programmes (The roll and the milk, High school money, Euro 200, School supplies, Scholarships granting, Transportation reimbursement), and the pupils from the rural and small urban area until now have benefited  from the extention with 600 units of the fleet of school minibuses.

Ministry of National Education will launch the creation of the institutional framework for lifelong learning by completing the Methodology on the organization and operation of the lifelong learning community Centres

Strengthening the career guidance and counselling of the final-year students and pupils by setting up career guidance and counselling centers. Improving the career guidance and counselling at the level of pre-university educational units by: (i) monitoring the guidance and counselling activity within the County/Bucharest Municipality Centers for Resources and Educational Assistance (CCREA/BMCREA) and the County/Bucharest Municipality Centers for Psycho-Pedagogical Assistance (CCPA/BMCPA); (ii) disseminating good practice in the school guidance and counselling field (within the methodical meetings with the school inspectors, principals, teachers, school advisors).  

Source: The National Reform Programme 2014, Government of Romania, Bucharest, April 2014. [only in Romanian language] http://www.mae.ro/sites/default/files/file/Europa2020/pnr_2014_romania.pdf