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Romania:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Romania

Contents

Romania:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Romania:Historical Development

Romania:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Romania:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Romania:Political and Economic Situation

Romania:Organisation and Governance

Romania:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Romania:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Romania:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Romania:Organisation of Private Education

Romania:National Qualifications Framework

Romania:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Romania:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Romania:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Romania:Funding in Education

Romania:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Romania:Higher Education Funding

Romania:Adult Education and Training Funding

Romania:Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Primary Education

Romania:Organisation of Primary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Romania:Assessment in Primary Education

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Romania:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Higher Education

Romania:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Romania:First Cycle Programmes

Romania:Bachelor

Romania:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Romania:Second Cycle Programmes

Romania:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Romania:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Romania:Adult Education and Training

Romania:Distribution of Responsibilities

Romania:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Romania:Main Providers

Romania:Main Types of Provision

Romania:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Romania:Teachers and Education Staff

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Management and Other Education Staff

Romania:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Romania:Management Staff for Higher Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Quality Assurance

Romania:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Educational Support and Guidance

Romania:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Romania:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Romania:Mobility and Internationalisation

Romania:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Mobility in Higher Education

Romania:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Romania:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Romania:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:National Reforms in School Education

Romania:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Romania:National Reforms in Higher Education

Romania:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Romania:European Perspective

Romania:Legislation

Romania:Institutions

Romania:Bibliography

Romania:Glossary

Requirement for Appointment

Management positions head and deputy head of school can be occupied only by permanent teachers with at least didactic grade II and 5 years seniority in education, distinguished for their professional, managerial and moral qualities.

According to the legal provisions, teachers in management positions that do not have any attested training in the area of educational management have to attain such a training programme following the appointment.

Candidates for a management position have to be recommended by the Teachers’ council of the school and have to prove their professional competence through the very good rating awarded for the previous year activity.

Appointment for the head and deputy head positions is based on open competitions organised by the County School Inspectorates (open recruitment procedure). The competition involves analyze and evaluation of the CV, as well as an interview to assess the candidate’s knowledge in the area of school legislation and educational management. The methodology for organising the competition as well as the topics and the bibliography are approved annually through Ministerial Order.

Conditions of Service

Appointment in a management position is based on an educational management contract and is accomplished by the following authorities (acting as employers): The General School Inspector for the deputy heads in all educational institutions; The General School Inspector for the heads of kindergartens, primary and gimnaziu level schools, as well as VET schools; The Minister of Education, Research, Youth and Sports for the heads of high schools and post-secondary non-tertiary education institutions.

As a general rule, the heads and deputy heads are appointed for a 4-year term of office. The conditions of service are established within the Regulation for Organisation and Functioning of Pre-academic Education Institutions, as well as within the job-description elaborated by the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports. The job-description signed by the two parts – employer and employee – becomes an annex of the individual educational management contract (labour contract).

Heads and deputy heads of schools have reduced teaching norms – as established within the job description and based on the methodological norms elaborated by the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports. Management personnel can be paid for supplementary teaching periods – in the limit of 4 to 6 periods per week. Working time is of 40 periods per week, including teaching periods. The heads and deputy heads manage their time such as to accomplish all their duties set by the legislation.

The basic salaries of heads and deputy heads of schools are established according to their teaching positions. To the basic salary is added a management indemnity.

Teachers appointed in management positions benefit of teaching post reservation – meaning that upon finishing their term of office they can return to the previously held teaching position. At the same time, upon finishing the term of office, they can compete again for the same or another management position.

The individual professional performances of the heads and deputy heads are evaluated annually by the General School Inspector. The evaluation is similar to the one undertaken by the teachers, except that is focused on the managerial duties established within the job-description.Considering the fact that for all management position in Pre-academic education are appointed teachers for a limited period of time, all the general provisions of the legislation concerning condition of service of teachers apply accordingly.