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Romania:Institutions Providing Adult Education and Training

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Overview Romania

Contents

Romania:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Romania:Historical Development

Romania:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Romania:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Romania:Political and Economic Situation

Romania:Organisation and Governance

Romania:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Romania:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Romania:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Romania:Organisation of Private Education

Romania:National Qualifications Framework

Romania:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Romania:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Romania:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Romania:Funding in Education

Romania:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Romania:Higher Education Funding

Romania:Adult Education and Training Funding

Romania:Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Primary Education

Romania:Organisation of Primary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Romania:Assessment in Primary Education

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Romania:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Higher Education

Romania:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Romania:First Cycle Programmes

Romania:Bachelor

Romania:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Romania:Second Cycle Programmes

Romania:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Romania:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Romania:Adult Education and Training

Romania:Distribution of Responsibilities

Romania:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Romania:Main Providers

Romania:Main Types of Provision

Romania:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Romania:Teachers and Education Staff

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Management and Other Education Staff

Romania:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Romania:Management Staff for Higher Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Quality Assurance

Romania:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Educational Support and Guidance

Romania:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Romania:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Romania:Mobility and Internationalisation

Romania:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Mobility in Higher Education

Romania:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Romania:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Romania:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:National Reforms in School Education

Romania:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Romania:National Reforms in Higher Education

Romania:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Romania:European Perspective

Romania:Legislation

Romania:Institutions

Romania:Bibliography

Romania:Glossary

Adult education and training through the education system (Law 133/2000 approving and amending Ordinance of the Government 102/1998) is provided by public or private institutions, as follows:

  • Educational institutions (high schools and higher education institutions);
  • Folk-arts schools, people’s universities, community culture centers, libraries, museums, houses and clubs of the youth and of the trade unions, other public or private institutions – providing mainly non-formal education for the adults;
  • Centers for continuing vocational training belonging to the system of the Ministry of National Education, the Ministry of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family, the Minister of Culture and Cults, other ministers or subordinated to the local public administration authorities;
  • NGOs and professional associations.

The criteria and methodology for the accreditation of the institutions providing adult education and training, as well as the final examination and certification procedures are established by the Ministry of National Education, the Ministry of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family and/or the Minister of Culture and Cults – according to the type of the programme provided. The same authorities are responsible for establishing the methodological terms for the organization and the duration of the programmes.

The methodology for the authorisation of adult training providers describes the process based on which the training providers (legal persons under the public or private law who have included training activities in their setting up act, with the CAEN (Classification of Activities in the National Economy) code – 8559) can organise training programmes which lead to a qualification certificate or a completion certificate with national recognition. The methodology for the authorisation of adult training providers, approved by Order of the Minister of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family and of the Minister of Education, Research and Youth 353/5.202/2003, with its subsequent changes and completions, will be modified in compliance with Law 167/2013.

The procedures for the organisation of examinations for the completion of adult training programmes, as well as for issuing, managing and archiving the certificates of qualification and completion with national recognition are provided in the Methodology for the certification of adult training, approved by Order of the Minister of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family and of the Minister of Education, Research, Youth and Sports 501/5.253/2003, with its subsequent changes and completions. The procedure for the organisation of apprenticeship at the workplace, including the completion examination, is described in the Methodological norms for the application of the provisions of the Law 279/2005 on the apprenticeship at the workplace, approved by Government Decision 234/2006 that will be modified because the Apprenticeship Law was modified and completed and it was subsequently republished.

Adult vocational training is realized by the vocational training providers (which can be VET providers, legal public or private organizations or, in the case of apprenticeship, independendent individuals authorized to act in VET. Among the public providers are  educational institutions subordinated to the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports and the vocational training centers, subordinated to the National Agency for Employment. 

Among the providers under public law there are schools subordinated to the Ministry of National Education, training centres subordinated to the National Agency for Employment and other training centres subordinated to ministries, agencies or public authorities etc.

The educational programmes developed by authorised training providers that lay at the basis of the organisation of training programmes are in compliance with the occupational standards/training standards recognised at national level.

Employers may organise training programs for their employees and on this basis, graduation certificates are awarded, which are recognized only within their own organisations.

The certificates issued by an institution are recognised at national level only if the employers are authorised as training providers in accordance with the Government Ordinance 129/2000 on adult training, republished, with its subsequent changes and completions.

During the recent years the network of accredited ECDL centers (accreditation procedure established by ECDL Romania) has developed significantly – including a large number of high schools and higher education institutions. The same situation is encountered in the case of training centers specialized in foreign languages (including ones providing training for standard international foreign languages tests).