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Romania:Distribution of Responsibilities

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Overview Romania

Contents

Romania:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Romania:Historical Development

Romania:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Romania:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Romania:Political and Economic Situation

Romania:Organisation and Governance

Romania:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Romania:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Romania:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Romania:Organisation of Private Education

Romania:National Qualifications Framework

Romania:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Romania:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Romania:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Romania:Funding in Education

Romania:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Romania:Higher Education Funding

Romania:Adult Education and Training Funding

Romania:Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Primary Education

Romania:Organisation of Primary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Romania:Assessment in Primary Education

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Romania:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Higher Education

Romania:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Romania:First Cycle Programmes

Romania:Bachelor

Romania:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Romania:Second Cycle Programmes

Romania:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Romania:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Romania:Adult Education and Training

Romania:Distribution of Responsibilities

Romania:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Romania:Main Providers

Romania:Main Types of Provision

Romania:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Romania:Teachers and Education Staff

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Management and Other Education Staff

Romania:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Romania:Management Staff for Higher Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Quality Assurance

Romania:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Educational Support and Guidance

Romania:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Romania:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Romania:Mobility and Internationalisation

Romania:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Mobility in Higher Education

Romania:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Romania:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Romania:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:National Reforms in School Education

Romania:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Romania:National Reforms in Higher Education

Romania:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Romania:European Perspective

Romania:Legislation

Romania:Institutions

Romania:Bibliography

Romania:Glossary


The state carries out its responsibilities in the area of lifelong learning through the Ministry of National Education and Scientific Research, the Parliament, the Government, the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and the Elderly, the Ministry of Culture and National Patrimony, the Ministry of Health, as well as the Ministry of Administration and the Interior.

The Law 167/2013 that changes and completes the Government Decision 129/2000 on adult training states that adult training ending with a certificate of qualification or a certificate of completion with national recognition and/or a certificate of professional competence is an activity of general interest and a part of the national education and training system.

Ministry of National Education and Scientific Research 

The Ministry of National Education and Scientific Research has the following responsibilities:
  • developing strategies and national policies in the field of education, training, research, youth and sport;
  • drafting regulations on the organization and functioning of the education system in Romania;
  • monitoring, evaluation and control, directly or through competent bodies of the education system and the functioning of the education providers;
  • establishing mechanisms and methodologies for validation and recognition of learning outcomes;
  • develops, with the Ministry of Culture, the education policies of non-professional adult learning;
  • other tasks, as they appear specified in the legislation for education and training.

The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and the Elderly

The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and the Elderly has the following responsibilities:
  • drafting, together with the Ministry of National Education, the policies and national strategies for the training of adults;
  • regulates training at work and apprenticeship training in the workplace;
  • monitoring, evaluation, accreditation and direct control or through authorized bodies, of the training providers others than those in the national education system;
  • other responsibilities foreseen in the legislation for education and training provided by the legislation on education and training.

The Ministry of Culture

The Ministry of Culture has the following responsibilities:
  • stimulating the increase of access and public participation in cultural activities;
  • proposes and promotes partnerships with local authorities and civil society structures, in order to diversify, modernize and optimize the public services provided by institutions and cultural establishments to meet the educational and cultural needs of the public;
  • promotes the recognition of professional skills, respectively guarantees the rights and interests of authors, artists and cultural professionals;
  • other responsibilities provided by the legislation on education and training.

The National Qualifications Authority

The National Qualifications Authority has the following responsibilities:
  • elaborates the National Qualifications Framework;
  • operates the National Register of Qualifications and the National Register of adult vocational training providers;
  • coordinates the authorization of training providers at national level;
  • coordinates the quality assurance system of adult and continuing training and coordinates the activities of the sectorial committees.

Also, the National Qualifications Authority has the following specific additional roles:

  • develops, implements and updates the National Qualifications Framework and National Qualifications Register;
  • ensures compatibility with other national qualification systems at European and international level;
  • proposes to the Ministry of Education elements of policies and national strategies, laws related to the national qualifications system and the development of human resources, including adult training 
  • coordinates and controls at national level the development of occupational standards and training standards;
  • coordinates quality assurance in adult training;
  • coordinates and controls the authorization of adult training providers;
  • elaborates the National Registry of Adult Vocational Training Providers and National Register of Competence Assessors;
  • coordinates the authorization of professional competence assessment centres and professional skills certification assessors;
  • participates in the development of plans and programmes of national interest in the field of qualifications and training of adults;
  • promotes social dialogue, supports and coordinates sectoral committees.

The Community Centres for Lifelong Learning 

The Community Centres for Lifelong Learning have the role of implementing the lifelong learning policies and strategies at local level. The responsibilities of the centres are the following:
  • to carry out studies and analysis on the need for education and training at local level;
  • develop local plans for action in the field of lifelong learning;
  • provide educational services for children, youth and adults by:
    • implementing remedial programs to acquire or completing key skills, including educational programs such as "Second Chance" or "Priority Education Zones" for young people and adults who have left the education system early or who do not have a professional qualification;
    • programs for the validation of non-formal and informal learning;
    • professional skills development programs for training / retraining, vocational retraining, improvement, specialization and professional initiation;
    • entrepreneurial education programmes;
    • development programmes for leisure or personal development;
    • organizing activities to promote participation to lifelong learning of all community members;
  • provides information, guidance and advice on:
    • access to education and training programs;
    • validation of non-formal and informal learning outcomes;
    • preparing for entering the labour market;
  • provides evaluation and certification of non-formal and informal learning outcomes;
  • ensures the access of community members to modern information and communication technologies;
  • promotes partnerships with business;
  • implements instruments developed at European level, Youthpass and Europass, the Language Passport and the lifelong learning portfolio;
  • manages information on the participation of beneficiaries in the services provided by them.