This page was last modified on 31 December 2014, at 13:33.

Romania:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Romania

Contents

Romania:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Romania:Historical Development

Romania:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Romania:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Romania:Political and Economic Situation

Romania:Organisation and Governance

Romania:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Romania:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Romania:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Romania:Organisation of Private Education

Romania:National Qualifications Framework

Romania:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Romania:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Romania:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Romania:Funding in Education

Romania:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Romania:Higher Education Funding

Romania:Adult Education and Training Funding

Romania:Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Primary Education

Romania:Organisation of Primary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Romania:Assessment in Primary Education

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Romania:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Higher Education

Romania:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Romania:First Cycle Programmes

Romania:Bachelor

Romania:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Romania:Second Cycle Programmes

Romania:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Romania:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Romania:Adult Education and Training

Romania:Distribution of Responsibilities

Romania:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Romania:Main Providers

Romania:Main Types of Provision

Romania:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Romania:Teachers and Education Staff

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Management and Other Education Staff

Romania:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Romania:Management Staff for Higher Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Quality Assurance

Romania:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Educational Support and Guidance

Romania:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Romania:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Romania:Mobility and Internationalisation

Romania:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Mobility in Higher Education

Romania:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Romania:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Romania:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:National Reforms in School Education

Romania:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Romania:National Reforms in Higher Education

Romania:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Romania:European Perspective

Romania:Legislation

Romania:Institutions

Romania:Bibliography

Romania:Glossary

Bilateral Agreements

The bilateral relations in the field of education and professional development include agreements and/or collaboration programmes concluded with European Union member states (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Great Britain, Norway, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain) and with non-EU countries (Afghanistan, South Africa, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Canada, Chile, China, Columbia,  Ivory Coast, Congo, South Korea, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Egypt, Switzerland, Ethiopia, the Philippines, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea – Bissau, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan,  Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Morocco, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Qatar, Central African Republic, North Korea, Rwanda, Russia, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Syria, Somalia, Sri Lanka, USA, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen).

According to the specificity of the programme and to the interest of the two countries, the bilateral cooperation may include:

  • granting scholarships based on reciprocity – for partial or complete Bachelor studies and for postgraduate studies, including PhD studies;
  • the exchange of specialists in education and the exchange of information and studies on the content and the organization of education in the two countries;
  • the exchange of teachers for various periods of time for teaching and/or research;
  • direct collaboration between the education units and institutions; development and support for studying the language, literature and art of the two states – by establishing specialized chairs in education institutions, the exchange of teachers, specialists, technicians, researchers and students, the exchange of textbooks and other printed materials and participation at courses organized by the two parties, etc.;
  • mutual recognition of the studies and the equivalence of diplomas.

Foreign citizens or Romanian citizens residing abroad may attend the education in Romania benefiting from scholarships, granted by the Romanian state or on their own expense. The recognition and equivalence of the diplomas obtained abroad is made by a specialized service of the Ministry of National Education according to the provisions of the international conventions that Romania is part of and of the bilateral conventions concluded between Romania and other states.

The National Centre for Diploma Recognition and Equivalence is connected to the European information network ENIC (European Network of Information Centres, set up by the Council of Europe and UNESCO) and NARIC, respectively (Network of Information Centres for Academic Recognition established by the European Union) – from which it obtains and to which it provides information on the recognition of diplomas.

Cooperation and Participation in Worldwide Programmes and Organizations

The international activities also include:

  • Coordinating and conducting the educational programmes within the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO);
  • Collaborating with the various international institutions that Romania is part of within the Central European Initiative (ICE);
  • Managing the activity performed in the education field by the Council of Europe (CoE), including the coordination of the teacher development programme - Pestalozzi;
  • Nominating the teachers participating to the projects developed by the European Center of Modern Languages (CELM) - Graz / Austria;
  • Ensuring Romania’s participation at the international evaluation programmes promoted by  OECD; 
  • Participating at the educational activities within the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and at the ones within the Official Development Assistance Programme (ODA);
  • Participating at the actions regarding education carried out within the North Atlantic Organization (NATO);
  • Managing the participation of Romania at CONFEMEN, as well as at the other instances of francophony: OIF, AUF, CREFCO, etc.