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Romania:Adult Education and Training Funding

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Overview Romania

Contents

Romania:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Romania:Historical Development

Romania:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Romania:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Romania:Political and Economic Situation

Romania:Organisation and Governance

Romania:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Romania:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Romania:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Romania:Organisation of Private Education

Romania:National Qualifications Framework

Romania:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Romania:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Romania:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Romania:Funding in Education

Romania:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Romania:Higher Education Funding

Romania:Adult Education and Training Funding

Romania:Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:Primary Education

Romania:Organisation of Primary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Romania:Assessment in Primary Education

Romania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Romania:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Romania:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Romania:Higher Education

Romania:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Romania:First Cycle Programmes

Romania:Bachelor

Romania:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Romania:Second Cycle Programmes

Romania:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Romania:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Romania:Adult Education and Training

Romania:Distribution of Responsibilities

Romania:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Romania:Main Providers

Romania:Main Types of Provision

Romania:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Romania:Teachers and Education Staff

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Romania:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Management and Other Education Staff

Romania:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Romania:Management Staff for Higher Education

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Romania:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Quality Assurance

Romania:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Romania:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Educational Support and Guidance

Romania:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Romania:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Romania:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Romania:Mobility and Internationalisation

Romania:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Mobility in Higher Education

Romania:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Romania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Romania:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Romania:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Romania:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Romania:National Reforms in School Education

Romania:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Romania:National Reforms in Higher Education

Romania:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Romania:European Perspective

Romania:Legislation

Romania:Institutions

Romania:Bibliography

Romania:Glossary

Funding of lifelong learning is provided through public and private funds based on the public-private partnership, through funding and co-funding from employers, non-governmental organisations, through non-reimbursable European funds, through lifelong learning accounts and contributions from beneficiaries.

Regarding lifelong learning accounts, according to the art. 356 of the Law no.1/2011, Law of National Education, the state supports the right to lifelong learning education by according a sum equivalent of 500 Euro to every Romanian child, when she/ he is born. The sum is given with educational scope for the benefit of the holder from the state budget, through the budget of the Ministry of Labor, Family and Social Protection. These benefits are not yet applicable in 2016.

Through the National Plan of Lifelong Learning, the National Agency for Labor Employment includes in its free lifelong learning programmes:


  • unemployed persons (the most part of the trainees)
  • persons in detention
  • persons from other categories:
    • persons who return to work after the parental leave
    • persons who return to work after recovery, after  disability retirement
    • persons from rural areas
  • persons who benefit of free services of evaluation of the competencies acquired in other forms then those formal
  • persons who benefit of apprenticeship.  

The persons who do not benefit of free services are included at courses organized by the Regional Centers of Lifelong Learning. 

Adults who participate in education and training programmes that are not funded from other sources (employers’ funds, the unemployment insurance budget, sponsorship, donations and other external sources) must pay for the cost of the programme.  The costs are determined by the education and training providers so as to cover expenses incurred by the implementation of the programmes.

Funding

Adult vocational training programmes are financed from the following sources:

  • The employers’ own funds
  • The unemployment insurance budget
  • Grant funds from European programmes (Operational Programme Human Capital 2014 - 2020)
  • Sponsorship, donations, external sources
  • Fees paid by individuals participating in training programs.

Commercial companies, national companies, co-operative enterprises, state-owned monopolies and other institutions may spend money for the vocational training of their employees, which represents deducted expenses from the profit taxes or from the income taxes.

The institutions that have incomes that are not coming from the state budget may spend funds for the vocational training of their employees out of these incomes. The institutions financed from the state budget or by the local budgets may spend funds for the vocational training of their employees out of budget sources or out of other sources, according with their own approved budgets.

Fees Paid by Learners

Adults who participate in education and training programmes that are not funded from other sources (employers’ funds, the unemployment insurance budget, sponsorship, donations and other external sources) must pay for the cost of the programme.  The costs are determined by the education and training providers so as to cover expenses incurred by the implementation of the programmes.

Financial Support for Adult Learners

For the period when the employees participate in training programs financed by their employers, the employees receive their wages as stated in the individual contract for the normal working program. The employers have to support the travel expenses for the participation in a training program, if that program takes place in another locality than the one where the employee works. The employees that participate in training programs for at least 3 months when requested by the employers will sign codicils to their individual work contracts, stipulating rights and obligations after graduation.

Adult training programmes are provided free of charge for the following categories of people:

  • People looking for a job
  • People who have not found a job after graduating from an educational institution or after completing their military service
  • People who obtained the statute of refugee or other form of international protection
  • Foreigners or stateless people who worked in Romania or who obtained any income in Romania, under the law
  • People who have not found a job after repatriation or detention
  • People in detention who have at most 9 months until the final day of their punishment.
Training programmes are provided free of charge at an employee’s request, with the employer’s agreement, or at the employer’s request, for people who return to work after:
  • legal maternity leave,
  • military service and,
  • in case of recovery of work ability after retirement for invalidity.
The rights to training of people looking for a job are established in the Law 76/2002 on the system of unemployment insurance and stimulation of employment, with its subsequent changes and completions. Some of these rights are the following:
  • To benefit of all the theoretical and practical training all through the duration of the programme;
  • To benefit of specific supplies and learning aids as well as textbooks;
  • To benefit of all necessary protection equipment during the programme;
  • To benefit of free of charge transportation from their homes to the training provider on local public transportation or, as the case may be, to benefit of all the facilities provided by the law if the training provider is in another locality. In case that the distance of the travel is more than 50 km, the people concerned are entitled, during the training period, to benefit from accommodation and a sum of money to cover meals at the extent provided by the regulations in force for employees of public institutions;
  • To benefit from medical consultation, medical analyses and necessary tests for attending the training programme.

In order to prevent unemployment through the improvement and diversification of the employees’ professional competences, employers are guaranteed by the law specific financial incentives for organising vocational training of their employees. Financial incentives are also granted to employers that apply active measures to reduce unemployment and facilitate the vocational training of their employees.

Private Education

There are no specific information.