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Publications 2015

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Publications archive: 20172016 - 2015 - 2014 - 2013 - 2012 - 2011

Here you can consult thematic reports, comparative studies and Facts and Figures in 2015. Please refer to the EU Bookshop to source reports before this date.

You can also find a series of Focus on articles, which explore themes of recent publications.

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Focus on: The purposes of education

Date of publication: 4 December 2015

'Democracy has to be born anew every generation, and education is its midwife' – John Dewey, The Need of an Industrial Education in an Industrial Democracy (1916).

In the aftermath of the shocking attacks in Paris and Copenhagen in early 2015, the Ministries of Education of the European Union met to discuss the role that education could play in countering the terror brought to our cities. The result was the Paris declaration, a text focusing on the promotion of citizenship and the common values of freedom, tolerance and non-discrimination through education. Ministries agreed that education's primary purpose 'is not only to develop knowledge, skills, competences and attitudes' but to nourish and transmit the fundamental values of our societies.


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Compulsory education in Europe – 2015/16

Date of publication: 3 December 2015

Full version EN


A table representing the duration of compulsory education (full-time and part-time) in Europe.   


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The Structure of the European Education Systems 2015/16: Schematic Diagrams

Date of publication: 23 November 2015

This report provides an overview of the structure of education systems in Europe for 2015/16. In total, 42 education systems are represented. Information covers the 28 EU Member States as well as other countries participating in the Eurydice network.

For each country, diagrams show how the national education system is organised at five education levels: early childhood education and care, primary and secondary education programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary programmes, and the main programmes offered at tertiary level.


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Structural Indicators for Monitoring Education and Training Systems in Europe – 2015

Date of publication: 12 November 2015

This report contains more than 30 structural indicators that focus on country progress and key policy developments in five areas:  early childhood education and care, achievement in basic skills, higher education, graduate employability, and learning mobility. Information covers all the EU Member States as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey. The reference year is 2014/15.


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Early Childhood Education and Care Systems in Europe: National Information Sheets – 2014/15

Date of publication: 12 November 2015

The national information sheets give a concise overview of the key features of early childhood education and care systems in Europe.

All the EU Member States are covered as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey. The reference year is 2014/15.


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National Student Fee and Support Systems in European Higher Education – 2015/16

Date of publication: 21 October 2015

This annual report provides a comparative overview of student fees and financial support in higher education in Europe for 2015/16. It also includes individual country sheets outlining the main elements of national systems.

The report covers all the EU Member States as well as some other countries participating in the Eurydice network.


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Will new technology ever improve education?

Date of publication: 14 October 2015

'Any teacher that can be replaced by a machine should be!' – Sir Arthur C. Clarke

If there is one thing we can be sure of for the future, it is that new technology will be ever present. Indeed the promise of new technology has been with us throughout our lives, and will stay with us – even if the latest specific new technologies are constantly changing. This reality presents opportunities and challenges for all sectors of education. For the last few years, MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) have been hailed as the next big game-changer in higher education.


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Teachers' and School Heads' Salaries and Allowances in Europe – 2014/15

Date of publication: 5 October 2015

This annual report provides a comparative analysis on teachers' and school heads' statutory salaries and allowances in Europe for 2014/15. It also includes individual country sheets with detailed information on issues such as annual gross salaries, salary progression and available allowances.

The report covers all the EU Member States as well as other countries participating in the Eurydice network.


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Languages in Secondary Education: An Overview of National Tests in Europe – 2014/15

Date of publication: 25 September 2015

This Eurydice report provides a comparative overview of the national tests in Europe assessing the language competences of secondary school students. The report covers the 28 EU Member States as well as Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Turkey, Montenegro and Serbia. The reference year is 2014/15.


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Focus on: What makes a good teacher?

Date of publication:  7 September 2015

'Most great learning happens in groups. Collaboration is the stuff of growth' – Sir Ken Robinson Ph.D.

Teachers are considered, rightly, the most important element within schools influencing student learning. In other words: it takes a good teacher to make a good learner. But what makes a good teacher? Undoubtedly vocational abilities, personal characteristics, and individual attitudes are part of the picture. However, this is also true for many other professions.



The Organisation of the Academic Year in Higher Education, 2015/16

Date of publication:  1 September 2015

The Academic Calendar contains national data on how the academic year is structured (beginning of the year, term times, holidays and examination periods). Differences between university and non-university study programmes are also highlighted. The information is available for 37 countries.



Organisation of school time in Europe. Primary and general secondary education: 2015/16 school year

Date of publication: 1 September 2015

The School Calendar contains national data on the length of the school year, the start and the end dates of each school year, and the timing and length of school holidays. It covers both primary and secondary education. The information is available for 36 countries.



The Teaching Profession in Europe: Practices, Perceptions, and Policies

Date of publication: 25 June 2015

This Eurydice report analyses the relation between the policies that regulate the teaching profession in Europe for lower secondary education teachers, and the attitudes, practices, and perceptions of teachers. The analysis covers aspects such as initial teacher education, continuing professional development, transnational mobility, as well as teacher demographics, working conditions, and the attractiveness of the profession. It combines qualitative and quantitative data from Eurydice, Eurostat/UOE, and TALIS 2013.



Focus on: Eurydice has launched its new improved, integrated and interactive website!

Date of publication: 16 June 2015

"Clarity affords focus" – Thomas Leonard

The mission of the Eurydice network is to provide European-level analyses and information to those responsible for education systems and policies in Europe, and assist in the decision and policy making. Eurydice delivers detailed descriptions and overviews of national education systems, comparative thematic reports devoted to specific topics of community interest, and factual reports related to education. The network consists of 41 national units based in 37 countries with a coordinating unit located at the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA) in Brussels, Belgium.



Eurydice Brief: Early Leaving from Education and Training

Date of publication: 11 June 2015

This Eurydice Brief on Early Leaving from Education and Training (ELET) shows that collectively, Member States are getting closer to the EU headline target: by 2020, the share of early leavers from education and training (aged 18-24) should be less than 10 %. Nevertheless, ELET remains still a serious challenge in many EU countries.



The European Higher Education Area in 2015: Bologna Process Implementation Report

Date of publication: 12 May 2015

This report provides a snapshot of the state of implementation of the Bologna Process from various perspectives using data collected in the first half of 2014. It provides both qualitative information and statistical data, and covers all main aspects of higher education reforms aiming at a well-functioning European Higher Education Area.


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Recommended Annual Instruction Time in Full-time Compulsory Education in Europe 2014/15

Date of publication: 8 May 2015

This publication provides information on instruction time in various forms: national data sheets, comparative indicators and country specific notes. The data is presented in diagrams, detailing instruction time by country and instruction time by subject. An accompanying comparative analysis covers various instruction time indicators.



Focus on: Are adults interested in learning?

Date of publication: 27 April 2015

In the 1980s, the film Educating Rita struck a chord with many who saw adult education as a major cultural divide. Focusing on a young, working class hairdresser's aspiration to "improve herself" through education, the film revealed in a realistic and often humorous way that academic success for people from such backgrounds doesn't come easily.



Eurydice Brief: Modernisation of Higher Education in Europe: Access, Retention and Employability

Date of publication: 27 March 2015

From analysis of national policies and institutional practice across Europe, this Eurydice Brief shows that:

Few countries have developed policy initiatives, strategies, targets and measures for improving access for people from groups currently under-represented in higher education.



Focus on: Education: the end of the alpha-male?

Date of publication: 27 February 2015

What is the most striking transformation that has taken place in European education in the last half century? The information and communications revolution and the changes brought to teaching and learning methods are strong contenders, while internationalisation and student mobility in education have also expanded education's horizons.



Adult Education and Training in Europe: Widening Access to Learning Opportunities

Date of publication: 10 February 2015

Through a comprehensive overview of policies and data related to the renewed European agenda for adult learning, this Eurydice report aims to support the exchange of policy and practice between countries. The report concentrates on measures to ensure that the most vulnerable groups of adult learners, in particular those with low basic skills or insufficient qualifications, have appropriate access to lifelong learning opportunities.


 OneWay.jpg Focus on: Turning tides in school evaluation

Date of publication: 29 January 2015

15 years ago, the phrase 'school evaluation' would probably have triggered a rather one directional image of teachers assessing individual students. The reputation and 'fame' of schools depended on whether pupils generally performed well, and while schools or teachers, may have been 'inspected' there was rarely a consideration of the range of issues that affect the school environment. Today, reality has progressed and the picture looks quite different.



Assuring Quality in Education: Policies and Approaches to School Evaluation in Europe

Date of publication: 13 January 2015

This report analyses the structures and organisation of school evaluation in primary and compulsory secondary level. It covers all EU Member States, as well as Iceland, Norway, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Turkey. Schools form the basic building blocks of education and training systems, and school evaluation is an important way to monitor and improve their quality, as well as to enhance the quality of education at large.