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Publications 2013

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Publications archive: 2017 - 2016 - 2015 - 2014 - 2013 - 2012 - 2011

Here you can consult thematic reports, comparative studies and Facts and Figures in 2013. Please refer to the EU Bookshop to source reports before this date.

You can also find a series of Focus on articles, which explore themes of recent publications.

 link=Publications%3AFocus%20on%3A%20A%20great%20invention%20for%20European%20education Focus on: A great invention for European education

Date of publication: 20 December 2013

Exploring European education systems can be as easy as riding a bicycle We have to continually be jumping off cliffs and developing our wings on the way down.''Kurt Vonnegut

Great inventions respond to simple needs. Wanting to move faster than on foot surely led to the first ever bicycle sketch, often attributed to Caprotti in 1493. Now the speed of technological innovation is increasing, so fast it seems that our cars will soon drive themselves. Science is finding technological fixes to our problems before most of us realise there was a problem in the first place. Just have a look at the world of education and new teaching tools: virtual classrooms and smartards are well on their way to replacing physical space and chalk. But how are our systems adapting to this brave new world, and by the way, why doesn't somebody invent a smart tool where we could find out what is really going on?


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Education and Training in Europe 2020. Responses from the EU Member States

Date of publication: 12 December 2013

This report presents a focused comparative analysis of national responses to the Europe 2020 priorities in the field of education and training. It concentrates on recent and forthcoming national reforms across several thematic areas that have a direct relevance to the Europe 2020 strategy: early school leaving, higher education, youth employment and vocational education and training and lifelong learning.


 Fees for free.jpg Focus on: Fees for free? The many guises of higher education tuition fees in Europe

Date of publication: 12 December 2013

When fees appear free, are they 'priceless'?

Comparing tuition fees - the fee charged to higher education students for educational instruction - seems straightforward. It should be as simple as crunching a few numbers or better yet, locating dots on a chart. Every year, country comparable data on tuition fees are issued by international information providers.


 link=Publications%3AFocus%20on%3A%20The%20perfect%20life%20of%20teachers Focus on: The perfect life of teachers

Date of publication: 22 November 2013

Stereotypes and reality combined can make teachers' lives a little less than perfect

Those who can, do. Those who can’t, teach – George Bernard Shaw

Being a teacher is easy, isn't it? After all, teachers enjoy generous holidays, few contact hours at school, flexible working conditions, an enviable work/life balance and they get additional benefits, incentives and rewards. On top of that, teachers’ salaries are quite good compared to other professions. At least, that's a common stereotype held by people who are not teachers. But if a teacher’s life were so perfect, why are many European countries facing enormous teacher shortages? And why are so few higher education students enrolling in teacher education programmes?


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Structure of European education systems 2013/14

Date of publication: 4 October 2013

Diagrams providing an overview of the educational structure for mainstream schooling in Europe.


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Teachers' and School Heads' Salaries and Allowances in Europe, 2012/13

Date of publication: 4 October 2013

This annual Eurydice report contains national descriptions and a comparative overview on teachers and school heads' salaries in Europe. The report covers full-time, fully qualified teachers and school heads at pre-primary, primary, lower secondary and upper secondary education levels.


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Staff Mobility in Higher Education. National Policies and Programmes

Date of publication: 4 October 2013

Promoting staff mobility has become an issue of increasing importance in European higher education policy. Mobility and internationalisation are key aspects of the Bologna process, and staff mobility is integral to the overall objectives.


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National student fee and support systems 2013/14

Date of publication: 4 October 2013

This new Eurydice report provides a detailed overview of the national public fee and support systems in place across European countries. The report contains key points which enable readers to have a good overall understanding of the topic while the national diagrams aim to show the main characteristics of each system.


 New Erasmus.jpg Focus on: The new Erasmus+ programme will boost higher education staff mobility from 2014. But what is staff mobility priority?

Date of publication: 4 October 2013

"Educational exchange can turn nations into people, contributing as no other form of communication can to the humanizing of international relations". Senator William Fulbright

As the debate on internationalisation of higher education grows stronger, so does the interest in mobility not only of students, but also of staff. This is likely to intensify in the coming months, as the European Commission's new Erasmus+ programme, starting in 2014, promises more opportunities and funding for higher education and teaching staff to study, train and work in another country. Indeed, higher education staff will account for a significant percentage of the 1 million beneficiaries of a mobility period funded by the programme between 2014 and 2020.


 No-future.jpg Focus on: Revealing misconceptions: Young people's new approach to politics

Date of publication: 26 July 2013

Young people's disengagement from political participation has long been a cause for concern. Little interest in and knowledge of political processes, low levels of trust in politicians and growing cynicism towards democratic institutions are often seen as indicators of young people's political apathy. Yet, as a new report prepared by Eurydice researchers shows, it is misleading to think that young people are not interested in politics. In fact, young people generally engage and communicate on political issues even more actively than older adults. They just use different channels.


 Focus on Education budgets.jpg Focus on: Education budgets at a time of crisis: how much can make a difference?

Date of publication: 12 July 2013

"Europe needs well-educated highly skilled staff toost economic growth" echoes a familiar mantra from the European Commission. But how much investment in education is actually needed for an economy to thrive? And how much of a priority should educational spending be at a time of crisis? Although the prevailing orthodoxy is that educational investment is the best catalyst for economic growth, there are dissenting voices. Indeed some very prominent thinkers consider that education will never solve underlying structural problems in society, and spending on education could create new problems. So what are the key points of this debate, and how have countries actually reacted to the economic crisis?


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Organisation of the academic year in higher education

Date of publication: 17 June 2013

The organisation of the academic year in higher education - 2013/14:This annually updated publication shows how the academic year is structured (beginning of the year, term times, holidays and examination periods) for each country in the Network. Where times may vary depending on types of (university or non-university) study programme, this is also indicated.


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Organisation of school time in Europe

Date of publication: 17 June 2013

This publication indicates the dates at which the school year begins and the occurrence of holidays holidays for each country of the Network. Regional variations are also indicated where applicable.


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Government Education Expenditure in the European Union during the Economic Crisis (2008-2011)

Date of publication: 12 June 2013

Investment in education and training is essential for sustained economic growth and competitiveness in Europe. Acquiring the right skills is key to increase employment and productivity. Europe needs well-educated and highly-skilled staff in order to drive innovation and R&D. A forward-looking and pro-active management of skills supply can help shape the future labour market and support Europe's Strategy on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth ('Europe 2020').


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"Social_Dimension"_of_Higher_Education_in_Europe? Focus on: What do politicians mean by the "Social Dimension" of Higher Education in Europe?

Date of publication: 3 June 2013

Eurydice has given social dimension considerable attention in recent higher education publications. Its 2011 publication, Modernisation of Higher Education in Europe: Funding and the social dimension, examines how the concept of the “social dimension” has been developed and what it entails. According to the report, “social dimension” encompasses at least two aspects: existing national policies aiming to widen participation rates and to improve completion rates, and the impact of student fees and support.


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Recognition of Prior Non-Formal and Informal Learning in Higher Education

Date of publication: 26 April 2013

Recognition of prior non-formal and informal learning as an alternative route to enter higher education, progression in higher education based on the recognition of prior nonformal and informal learning, consolidated indicator on the recognition of prior non-formal and informal learning, legislative frameworks and the recognition of prior non-formal and informal learning.


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Focus on: Recognition of students' informal learning gains ground as a response to societal challenges

Date of publication: 26 April 2013

What matters more in today's labour market: having a qualification or having the knowledge, skills and competences to work? The answer isn't easy: most people probably think that relevant knowledge, skills and competences should matter more, but that very often it's qualifications that count.



Key Data on Teachers and School Leaders in Europe. 2013 Edition

Date of publication: 24 April 2013

Key Data on Teachers and School Leaders contains 62 indicators on teachers and school leaders from pre-primary to upper secondary education in 32 countries (EU Member States, Croatia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Turkey). Six topics are covered: Initial teacher education and support for beginning teachers; recruitment, employers and contracts; continuing professional development and mobility; working conditions and pay, as well as levels of autonomy and responsibilities of teachers and school leaders. The report combines statistical data and qualitative information derived from primary data supplied by the Eurydice Network, Eurostat data and evidence derived from the international surveys TALIS 2008, PISA 2009 and TIMSS 2011.


 Pisa tower.jpg Focus on: Is PISA too slanted?

Date of publication: 31 March 2013

PISA has become monumental in the world of education. But are its foundations solid?

"Have no fear of perfection - you'll never reach it" Salvador Dali

It took 199 years to build the Tower of Pisa. Only 5 years after construction had started, the tower began to sink. It had been built on too weak a foundation, set in unstable soil. Although beautifully planned and designed, the project was flawed from the beginning. Yet, just because of its flaw and tilt, the tower of Pisa has become one of the best-known monuments worldwide, and teaches us at least two important lessons: foundations matter, and perfection does not equal attraction.



Physical Education and Sport at School in Europe

Date of publication: 25 March 2013

Physical Education and Sport at School in Europe maps the state of play of physical education and sport activities at school in 30 European countries. The report covers primary and lower secondary education and provides an insight into the following topics: national strategies and large-scale initiatives where they exist, the status of physical education in national curricula and steering documents, recommended annual taught time, pupil assessment, teacher education, extracurricular activities and planned national reforms. The report is the result of an in depth analysis of primary data provided by Eurydice national units and can be regarded as the first attempt by the European Commission to identify key concerns and strengths regarding physical education at school across European countries.


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Funding of Education in Europe 2000-2012: The Impact of the Economic Crisis

Date of publication: 21 March 2013

This report looks at the trends in education spending over the period 2000-2012 and examines the impact that the financial and economic crisis has had on education budgets across Europe over the last few years (2010-2012). The analysis covers the developments in education funding from pre-primary to tertiary level and provides an overview of the main trends in the adult learning sector in 31 European countries. The full report includes information on the economic context, public expenditure, national budget developments in education, funding of human resources, educational infrastructure, support systems and financial support for students.


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Recommended annual taught time in full-time compulsory education in Europe 2012/13

Date of publication: 28 February 2013

The Eurydice data collection on taught time targets recommended compulsory curriculum by grades/stages for full-time compulsory education. The taught time presented in the national figures corresponds to the most common general education programme in the country concerned. It includes the time spent by a student in receiving instruction on all the subjects integrated in the compulsory core or compulsory flexible curriculum in the school premises or in out-of school activities which are formal part of the programme.


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Compulsory Education in Europe 2013/14

Date of publication: 27 February 2013

A table representing the duration of compulsory education (full-time and part-time) in Europe.