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Publications 2012

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Publications archive: 2017 - 2016 - 2015 - 2014 - 2013 - 2012 - 2011

Here you can consult thematic reports, comparative studies and Facts and Figures in 2012. Please refer to the EU Bookshop to source reports before this date.

You can also find a series of Focus on articles, which explore themes of recent publications.

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Compulsory education in Europe, 2012/13

Date of publication: 22 December 2012

A table representing the duration of compulsory education (full-time and part-time) in Europe.


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The Structure of the European Education Systems 2012/13. Schematic Diagrams

Date of publication: 6 December 2012

These diagrams represent the structure of mainstream education from pre-primary to tertiary level for the 2012/13 academic year. Thirty-nine education systems are included covering all 34 countries of the Eurydice Network: the 27 EU Member States, the EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) as well as the candidate countries (Croatia, Serbia and Turkey).


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Developing Key Competences at School in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities for Policy

Date of publication: 19 November 2012

This report reviews national policies for the development of key competences at school in Europe. It acknowledges the progress made so far in implementing the key competences approach and discusses several policy challenges that are directly linked to the contribution of education and training to meeting changing skills demands: tackling low achievement in reading, mathematics and science; increasing the number of mathematics science and technology graduates, and further support for the acquisition of transversal competences such as IT skills, entrepreneurship and civics.
The report covers 31 European countries (EU Member States, Croatia, Iceland, Norway, and Turkey) and takes the reference year 2011/12. Information covers compulsory and secondary general education.


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Teachers' and School Heads' Salaries and Allowances in Europe, 2011/12

Date of publication: 5 October 2012

This annual Eurydice report contains national descriptions and a comparative overview on teachers and school heads' salaries in Europe. The report covers full-time, fully qualified teachers and school heads at pre-primary, primary, lower secondary and upper secondary education levels.


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Key Data on Teaching Languages at School in Europe 2012

Date of publication: 20 September 2012

Key Data on Teaching Languages at School in Europe 2012 contains 61 indicators and qualitative information describing the context and organisation of foreign language teaching, student participation levels as well as the initial and continuing education of foreign language teachers. In addition to giving a snapshot of the situation today, the report also presents several time series which are helpful in identifying trends in language teaching over recent years and past decades.
Key Data on Teaching Languages at School in Europe 2012 is a joint Eurydice/Eurostat publication, produced in close cooperation with the European Commission. The report is based on four main data sources: Eurydice, Eurostat, the European Survey on Language Competences (ESLC), and the OECD's PISA 2009 international survey. Eurydice data covers 32 countries (27 Member States, Croatia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey) and takes the reference year 2010/11.


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National Student Fee and Support Systems, 2011/12

Date of publication: 10 September 2012

This Eurydice report provides information on the national student fee and support systems (including grants and loans) across European countries. It covers 30 European countries – all EU Member States, as well as Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Croatia and Turkey. The key points section enables readers to gain a good overall understanding of the topic, while the national diagrams and information sheets illustrate the main characteristics of each system.


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Organisation of school time in Europe. Primary and general secondary education - 2012/13 school year

Date of publication: 29 June 2012

This publication indicates the dates at which the school year begins and the occurrence of holidays holidays for each country of the Network. Regional variations are also indicated where applicable.


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The Organisation of the Academic Year in Europe, 2012/13

Date of publication: 29 June 2012

This annually updated publication shows how the academic year is structured (beginning of the year, term times, holidays and examination periods) for each country in the Network. Where times may vary depending on types of (university or non-university) study programme, this is also indicated.


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Citizenship Education in Europe

Date of publication: 31 May 2012

Citizenship education in Europe shows that all European countries now have introduced central regulations to promote student participation in school governance. Encouraging citizens, particularly young people, to actively engage in social and political life has recently become a growing political priorityth at national and European level. Because education is viewed as a principal means to promote active citizenship, the report aims to capture how policies and measures relating to citizenship education have evolved over recent years in European countries. To this end, the report provides an overview of the state of play on five main topics: 1) Curriculum aims and organisation; 2) student and parent participation in schools; 3) school culture and student participation in society; 4) assessment and evaluation; 5) and support for teachers and school heads.


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Recommended annual taught time in full-time compulsory education in Europe, 2011/12

Date of publication: 17 May 2012

The Eurydice data collection on taught time targets recommended compulsory curriculum by grades/stages for full-time compulsory education. The taught time presented in the national figures corresponds to the most common general education programme in the country concerned.


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The European Higher Education Area in 2012: Bologna Process Implementation Report

Date of publication: 25 April 2012

The report shows to what extent the higher education landscape in 2012 has been transformed by thelogna Process and describes the state of implementation of the process from various perspectives using data collected in 2011. It illustrates that all countries have made significant changes that have enabled the European Higher Education Area to emerge, and which have laid the ground for higher education that is serving an increasing range of societal demands.


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Entrepreneurship Education at School in Europe

Date of publication: 27 March 2012

The report consists ofth a comparative overview and national descriptions. The short comparative overview, covering EU Member States, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey, shows that the great majority of European countries address entrepreneurship education through national strategies or initiatives. At primary education level, two thirds of European countries explicitly acknowledge entrepreneurship in central steering documents while in secondary education virtually all countries integrate entrepreneurship into the curriculum, either as part of the general objectives of the overall curriculum, or within subject curricula or through a combination of these approaches. Thus the importance of entrepreneurship education is widely recognised. Moreover, many European countries define specific learning outcomes for entrepreneurship education covering entrepreneurial attitudes, knowledge and skills. Finally, the report also presents those countries where concrete guidelines and teaching materials give support to teachers, as well as a picture of current initiatives and ongoing reforms.


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Key Data on Education in Europe 2012

Date of publication: 10 February 2012

Key Data on Education in Europe 2012 is a Eurydice flagship publication tracing the main developments of European education systems over the last decade. The report combines statistical data with qualitative information to describe the organisation, management and functioning of 37 European education systems from pre-primary to higher education. More specifically, the 95 indicators included in the report address the following topics: Demographic Context, Educational Structures, Participation, Resources, Teachers and Management staff, Educational Processes and Qualification Levels andTransition to Employment.