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Portugal:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

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Overview Portugal

Contents

Portugal:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Portugal:Historical Development

Portugal:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Portugal:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Portugal:Political and Economic Situation

Portugal:Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Portugal:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Portugal:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Portugal:Organisation of Private Education

Portugal:National Qualifications Framework

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Portugal:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Funding in Education

Portugal:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Portugal:Higher Education Funding

Portugal:Adult Education and Training Funding

Portugal:Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Portugal:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Higher Education

Portugal:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Portugal:First Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Bachelor

Portugal:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Portugal:Second Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Portugal:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Portugal:Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Distribution of Responsibilities

Portugal:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Portugal:Main Providers

Portugal:Main Types of Provision

Portugal:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Portugal:Teachers and Education Staff

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Management and Other Education Staff

Portugal:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Portugal:Management Staff for Higher Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Quality Assurance

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Educational Support and Guidance

Portugal:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Portugal:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Portugal:Mobility and Internationalisation

Portugal:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Mobility in Higher Education

Portugal:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Portugal:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Portugal:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:National Reforms in School Education

Portugal:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Portugal:National Reforms in Higher Education

Portugal:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Portugal:European Perspective

Portugal:Legislation

Portugal:Institutions

Portugal:Glossary


Organisation of Doctoral Studies

The Doutor degree (3rd cycle) is awarded only by Universities and University Institutes, and corresponds to Level 8 of the National Qualifications Framework and the European Qualifications framework.

Although it is not defined the length of this study cycle, it is frequent to have six to eight semesters duration.

The Doutor degree is conferred in a given field of knowledge or in one of its expertise subjects.

The cycle of studies that leads to the Doutor degree includes:

  • The development of an original thesis specially written for that purpose which is appropriate to the nature of the field of knowledge or expertise, and subjected to public defence, or the compilation of a coherent and relevant research, or in the Arts, either an art piece or a set of art pieces accompanied by written state reasons;
  • the possible undertaking of curricular units aimed at research training whenever permitted by the respective regulating standards foresee that.

The areas with the greatest number of 3rd cycle programmes are the sciences, mathematics and ICT, social sciences, business and law, the arts and humanities, as well as engineering, manufacturing industries and construction.


Admission Requirements

May apply for admission to a third cycle of studies leading to a Doutor degree:

  • Holders of a Mestre degree or a legal equivalent;
  • holders of a Licenciado degree who have a particularly relevant academic or scientific curriculum vitae which demonstrates an ability to carry out this third cycle of studies and which is recognised by the competent scientific body of the University where they intend to be admitted;
  • holders of an academic, scientific or professional curriculum vitae which demonstrates an ability to carry out this third cycle of studies and which is recognised by the competent scientific body of the University where they intend to be admitted.

Admission requirements to this study cycle, particularly academic and curriculum conditions, application rules and selection criteria are the responsibility of the relevant body of each HEI

Those who meet the required conditions for access to the study cycle leading to the Doutor degree may request to publicly defend a thesis, or any other alternative work, without enrolling in the cycle of studies or choosing a supervisor, with the scientific body of the university deciding upon the request, after analysing the applicant’s curriculum vitae and the relevance of the thesis.


Status of Doctoral Students/Candidates

The student of the study cycle that leads to a Doutor degree has no specific status.


Supervision Arrangements

The process of choosing a supervisor(s), the conditions necessary for co-supervision to be admitted and the rules applicable to the supervision are set by the relevant bodies of the HEI, within the framework of its scientific and pedagogical autonomy.


Employability

Within the context of social responsibility, as stipulated in the legal framework governing their operation, HEIs should support their graduates’ entry into working life, collecting and disseminating information on the employment of its graduates, in addition to information on their career paths.

Every year, HEIs draft and publish a report which details, amongst other aspects, the employability of their graduates.

Graduates in work is one of the parameters of the quality assessment process of the study cycles considered by the Higher Education Assessment and Accreditation Agency.


Assessment

The rules regarding the public defence of thesis or other work and the award of a final grade are regulated by HEIs as part of their pedagogic autonomy.

Assessment processes, as a parameter of quality assessment of study cycles, are presented to Higher Education Assessment and Accreditation Agency regarding accreditation.


Certification

The Doutor degree is awarded to those who have successfully defended their thesis in public, or a compilation of a relevant and coherent ensemble of research, or in the field of the arts to those who submit a work or several works that is innovative.

The Doutor degree contains the final classification according to the terms established by the applicable regulations.

The qualification is attributed by the panel assessing the public defence, taking into consideration the classifications obtained in the curricular units of the Doutoramento course, when relevant, and the merit of the thesis or other work analysed during its public defence.

The degree award is registered by the relevant body of the respective higher education institution, and the holder of the degree certified.

A diploma can also be awarded for the conclusion of the Doutoramento course, provided it is no lower than 30 credits.

The award of the diploma is issued alongside a bilingual diploma supplement in Portuguese and English.


Organisational Variation

Some institutions teach some of their courses via e-learning and b-learning. There is a university designed specifically for this in public higher education called Universidade Aberta (Open University).