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Portugal:Quality Assurance

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Overview Portugal

Contents

Portugal:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Portugal:Historical Development

Portugal:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Portugal:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Portugal:Political and Economic Situation

Portugal:Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Portugal:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Portugal:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Portugal:Organisation of Private Education

Portugal:National Qualifications Framework

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Portugal:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Funding in Education

Portugal:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Portugal:Higher Education Funding

Portugal:Adult Education and Training Funding

Portugal:Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Portugal:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Higher Education

Portugal:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Portugal:First Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Bachelor

Portugal:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Portugal:Second Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Portugal:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Portugal:Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Distribution of Responsibilities

Portugal:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Portugal:Main Providers

Portugal:Main Types of Provision

Portugal:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Portugal:Teachers and Education Staff

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Management and Other Education Staff

Portugal:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Portugal:Management Staff for Higher Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Quality Assurance

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Educational Support and Guidance

Portugal:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Portugal:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Portugal:Mobility and Internationalisation

Portugal:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Mobility in Higher Education

Portugal:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Portugal:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Portugal:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:National Reforms in School Education

Portugal:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Portugal:National Reforms in Higher Education

Portugal:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Portugal:European Perspective

Portugal:Legislation

Portugal:Institutions

Portugal:Glossary

The evaluation of the education system is carried out by several entities, and their input and object of assessment very diverse.

The National Council of Education and the Ministry of Education’s departments which, in terms of their respective organic law, have competences to carry out evaluations of the education system, are integrated into the organic structure of the evaluation system.

As regards the evaluation system, the National Council of Education has the competence to issue opinions, statements of opinions and recommendations and it is its special duty to make an appreciation of:

  • The rules governing the self-evaluation process;
  • the annual plan comprising external evaluation activity;
  • the outcomes of both in-house and external evaluation processes.

The National Council of Education may request the Ministry of Education to hand over all the information considered necessary as well as recommend that the Ministry resort to using particular evaluation processes (Law no. 31/2002, 20th December). 

The Ministry of Education Departments are responsible for planning, coordinating and defining processes, applying and improving the national educational system’s evaluation, identifying the data to be obtained, and analysing and following through with data-gathering systems and processes.

The evaluation of the educational system as well as of the schools, currently falls to the following departments: the General Inspectorate of Education and Science (IGEC), the Directorate General of Education and Science Statistics (DGEEC), and the Institute of Educational Assessment (IAVE, I.P.) (Decree-Law no. 125/2011, 29th December).

The Inspectorate-General of Education and Science (IGEC) has the mission of ensuring the legality and conformity of the actions perpetrated by all the bodies, services and institutions of the governance areas of Education and Science, Technology and Higher Education, as well as to contribute to the quality of the education system in its whole (Pre-school, Basic, Secondary and Higher Education), integrating special modalities of education, extra-school education and science and technology.

It pursues these tasks namely through control, auditing, follow-up and assessment actions, proposing measures that aim at improving the education system and participating in the external evaluation of Basic and Secondary Education schools process and in the activities related to this process.

This activity identify strong points as well as areas to improve in each school, thus contributing to the design of school’s improvement plans (Regulatory Decree no. 15/2012, 27th January).

The Directorate-General of Education and Science Statistics (DGEEC) has the mission of ensuring the production and analysis of educational statistical data supporting the design of policies and strategic planning and to monitor and evaluate the global outcomes obtained by the education system (Regulatory Decree no 13/2012, 20th January).

The Institute of Educational Assessment (IAVE) has, in the scope of the pedagogic component, the mission of “planning, coordinating, drawing up, validating, applying and supervising the instruments of the external evaluation of learning” (Decree-Law no. 102/2013, 25th July).

The departments and other offices of the Ministry of Education provide written reports with both quantitative and qualitative analysis of the education system, as well as three-year report providing a diagnosis of the education system and a prospective study on it.  

The conclusions of the evaluation shall underpin proposals on, for example:

  • The organization of the education system;
  • the curricular structure;
  • initial and in-service training of teachers;
  • autonomy of schools;
  • diversified means for school support;
  • network of schools;
  • students’ evaluation system.

Assessment in Higher Education includes internal quality assurance, external quality assurance and international evaluation at different levels.

Internal quality assurance is conducted by the Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) according to their own regulations in the framework of institutional autonomy. HEIs have their own internal quality assurance systems more or less developed which must include teachers’ evaluation.

The Portuguese Agency of Assessment and Accreditation of Higher Education – A3ES – is responsible for the external quality assurance which includes the accreditation of all programmes and the audit of the internal quality assurance systems. The Agency carries out other tasks and has a research and development department.