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Portugal:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

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Overview Portugal

Contents

Portugal:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Portugal:Historical Development

Portugal:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Portugal:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Portugal:Political and Economic Situation

Portugal:Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Portugal:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Portugal:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Portugal:Organisation of Private Education

Portugal:National Qualifications Framework

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Portugal:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Funding in Education

Portugal:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Portugal:Higher Education Funding

Portugal:Adult Education and Training Funding

Portugal:Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Portugal:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Higher Education

Portugal:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Portugal:First Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Bachelor

Portugal:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Portugal:Second Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Portugal:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Portugal:Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Distribution of Responsibilities

Portugal:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Portugal:Main Providers

Portugal:Main Types of Provision

Portugal:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Portugal:Teachers and Education Staff

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Management and Other Education Staff

Portugal:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Portugal:Management Staff for Higher Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Quality Assurance

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Educational Support and Guidance

Portugal:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Portugal:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Portugal:Mobility and Internationalisation

Portugal:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Mobility in Higher Education

Portugal:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Portugal:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Portugal:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:National Reforms in School Education

Portugal:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Portugal:National Reforms in Higher Education

Portugal:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Portugal:European Perspective

Portugal:Legislation

Portugal:Institutions

Portugal:Glossary

On December 31st, 2015, the resident population in Portugal was estimated to be of 10,358,822 people, 16,746 fewer than the population estimated for December 31st, 2014, which represents a negative actual growth rate.

The number of deaths has raised but there was also a slight increase in the number of births, but not enough to avoid a small increase of the negative value of the natural growth rate, specially due to the deaths.

Although there was a strong decrease of emigration, the migratory growth rate is still negative.

 

Resident population: total, by year and by major age groups

Year

0-14

15-64

65+

Total

2000

1,685,078

6,939,317

1,665,503

10,289,898

2005

1,672,366

7,016,927

1,814,038

10,503,330

2010

1,606,583

7,013,108

1,953,409

10,573,100

2015

1,475,537

6,759,544

2,122,996

10,358,076

Source: INE/PORDATA

 

The increase in unemployment was generalized, covering almost all population groups, regardless of gender, age, education level, type of contract and region of residence, as well as it was transversal to the various sectors of activity of the Portuguese economy.

The unemployment rate in the 4th quarter of 2015 was of 12,4%. This value is inferior in 1,5% to the value registered in the 4th quarter of 2014. Along 2016 the unemployment rate maintained its trend to decrease, but there are no official numbers yet.

 

Unemployment rate

Year

%

2000

3,9

2005

7,6

2010

10,8

2015

12,4

Source: INE/PORDATA

 

The number of births increased for the first time since 2010 to 85,500 (82,367 in 2014, 82,787 in 2013, 89,841 in 2012 and 96,856 in 2011) but the number of deaths increased again to 108,511 (104,790 in 2014, 106,545 in 2013), which makes for a natural growth rate of -23,000 individuals. The migratory growth rate decreased drastically in 2015, from -30,056 individuals in 2014 to around -10,000 individuals in 2015. The negative migratory growth rate goes side by side with the evolution of the economic crisis and the increase of unemployment rates.

 

Natural and migratory growth rate in thousands of individuals

Year

Natural growth rate

Migratory growth rate

Total growth rate

2000

14,6

67,1

81,8

2005

1,9

15,4

17,3

2010

-4,6

3,8

-0,8

2015

-23,0

-10,5

-23,5

Source: INE/PORDATA

 

Portuguese is the predominant language in the country, including the autonomous regions of Madeira and Azores. In 1999 another language, Mirandês, was recognised as an official language spoken in the northeaster area of Portugal, Miranda do Douro (Law No. 7/99, 29th January).

More than 200 million people speak Portuguese being Portuguese the official language of eight countries – Portugal, Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Sao Tome and Principe and East Timor.

The Constitution of the Portuguese Republic states that "the freedom of conscience, of religion and of form of worship is inviolable" (Art. 41, n. 1) and that "Churches and other religious communities are separate from the state and are free to organise themselves and to exercise their functions and form of worship"(Art. 41, no. 4). Nevertheless, the predominant religion among the Portuguese people is Roman Catholicism.