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Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

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Overview Portugal

Contents

Portugal:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Portugal:Historical Development

Portugal:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Portugal:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Portugal:Political and Economic Situation

Portugal:Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Portugal:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Portugal:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Portugal:Organisation of Private Education

Portugal:National Qualifications Framework

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Portugal:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Funding in Education

Portugal:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Portugal:Higher Education Funding

Portugal:Adult Education and Training Funding

Portugal:Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Portugal:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Higher Education

Portugal:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Portugal:First Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Bachelor

Portugal:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Portugal:Second Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Portugal:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Portugal:Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Distribution of Responsibilities

Portugal:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Portugal:Main Providers

Portugal:Main Types of Provision

Portugal:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Portugal:Teachers and Education Staff

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Management and Other Education Staff

Portugal:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Portugal:Management Staff for Higher Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Quality Assurance

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Educational Support and Guidance

Portugal:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Portugal:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Portugal:Mobility and Internationalisation

Portugal:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Mobility in Higher Education

Portugal:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Portugal:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Portugal:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:National Reforms in School Education

Portugal:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Portugal:National Reforms in Higher Education

Portugal:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Portugal:European Perspective

Portugal:Legislation

Portugal:Institutions

Portugal:Glossary

Global and Intercultural Dimension in Curriculum Development

Most, if not all, of the Portuguese Higher Education Institutions, public or private, have an Office of International Relations (GRI - Gabinete de Relações Internacionais). It is a unit, under the responsibility of each university, that coordinates, monitors and supports the development of all initiatives related to the internationalisation of education, namely in the scope of academic cooperation and students/teachers mobility.

Bearing in mind the need to keep up with the evolution and modernisation of national and international universities, HEI have 2nd and 3rd cycle courses in English (for instance ISCTE),  MBAs (for instance NovaSBE), masters in medical sciences, PhD, etc., to attract students from all over the world and permit the exchange of views and knowledge between students.

Some of these courses arose from protocols signed between Portuguese and foreign universities and students may apply to a double degree.

As for 1st cycle studies, some universities provide exchange programmes for 1 semester or one year or summer courses for 3 weeks.

European Programmes such as Erasmus Mundus should also be mentioned in this point, as joint and integrated master courses and Doctoral programmes have been developed, involving at least 3 HEI of 3 different European countries.

The Erasmus+ Programme offers continuity to these projects via the Joint Master’s action, while the doctorate programmes are transferred to Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions, Horizon Programme 2020.

In these courses, students and doctoral candidates receive joint, multiple or double degrees at the end of the course. This challenge of creating joint courses has been an essential instrument for the implementation of the European Higher Education Area and the Bologna Process, namely in the cases where joint degrees are issued.

Most of these courses are taught in English as they receive students from all over the world, although participants have access to learning at least 2 European languages.

These Erasmus Mundus integrated courses are intercultural experiences not only due to the involvement of various different higher education systems, but also due to the diversity of its students and scholars. The possibility of involving non-European institutions in the action is seen as another way of promoting the internationalisation of HEI.

Another important and effective measure taken was the creation of specific intercultural study centres. Most of these centres were created based on Portugal’s privileged relations with African countries (for example http://www.africanos.eu/ceaup/) or with Brazil and gave origin to Centres of African studies or Portuguese-Brazilian studies.

Besides these, there are also Centres of Oriental studies (for instance http://www.clco.ilch.uminho.pt/, which also take into account the Portuguese administration in Macau’s territory), centres of Iberian studies (for example http://www.cei.pt/) and even a centre of Jewish studies (for instance https://www.ubipt.).


Partnerships and Networks

The existing information falls within the scope of higher education institutions competencies and autonomy.

With the goal of reinforcing the internationalization of Portuguese Higher Education and scientific and technological research, the Resolution of the Council of Ministers no. 78/2016, 30th November, determined:

  • The dissemination of the national training offer in Higher Education, both in English and Portuguese;
  • the promotion of the initiative “Research in Portugal”, in view of the valorisation and promotion of research and development (R&D) activities;
  • following a policy of stimulus and follow-up of students’, teachers’, researchers’ and non-teaching staff’s international mobility;
  • stimulate the internationalization of higher education and science;
  • offer scholarships to foreign students to attend higher education;
  • promote the international dissemination of the higher education and science research networks;
  • stimulate Portuguese participation in international scientific organizations;
  • value the relationship with Portuguese academic and scientific communities abroad;
  • promote scientific diplomacy, namely, the national image and interests, the knowledge opportunities, the reciprocal communication between Portugal and other States.