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Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 3 years

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Overview Portugal

Contents

Portugal:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Portugal:Historical Development

Portugal:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Portugal:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Portugal:Political and Economic Situation

Portugal:Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Portugal:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Portugal:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Portugal:Organisation of Private Education

Portugal:National Qualifications Framework

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Portugal:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Funding in Education

Portugal:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Portugal:Higher Education Funding

Portugal:Adult Education and Training Funding

Portugal:Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Portugal:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Higher Education

Portugal:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Portugal:First Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Bachelor

Portugal:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Portugal:Second Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Portugal:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Portugal:Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Distribution of Responsibilities

Portugal:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Portugal:Main Providers

Portugal:Main Types of Provision

Portugal:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Portugal:Teachers and Education Staff

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Management and Other Education Staff

Portugal:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Portugal:Management Staff for Higher Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Quality Assurance

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Educational Support and Guidance

Portugal:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Portugal:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Portugal:Mobility and Internationalisation

Portugal:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Mobility in Higher Education

Portugal:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Portugal:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Portugal:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:National Reforms in School Education

Portugal:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Portugal:National Reforms in Higher Education

Portugal:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Portugal:European Perspective

Portugal:Legislation

Portugal:Institutions

Portugal:Glossary

Geographical Accessibility

Setting up a national Pre-school Education network has consolidated partnerships between the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labour, Solidarity and Social Security and the Private Institutions of Social Solidarity Unions, mutual societies, charities, Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Lisboa and the National Association of Portuguese Municipalities.

The consolidation of these partnerships was possible due to cooperation protocols between the various social partners, ensuring that the teaching/educational component that makes up the 5 hours a day pre-school teachers are responsible for is free of charge.

As such, all children, regardless of age (article 16, Framework Law on Pre-school Education, Law No. 5/97, 10th February), , via financial support from the State, in both the public network and not-for-profit private schools (IPSS) who have signed the protocol, in addition to the abovementioned teaching/educational component is assured of State contribution for activities and family support (meals and extended schedules, above and beyond the 5 daily teaching hours).

The amount of subsidies is established annually through legislation. The co-financing of families is calculated in accordance with their socio-economic conditions.

As a result of these protocols, every year the cost of the two components per child/month are updated. After the amount for financial support is set, it is possible to sign agreements between the State and institutions, in the case of the private not-for-profit network, and between the former and local authorities in the case of the public network.

Children’s transportation (home-school-home) is, in most cases, assured by the municipalities.


Admission Requirements and Choice of Pre-School institution

Pre-school education is aimed at children over 3 year olds until they reach the legal age to enrol in Basic Education and is provided by Pre-school institutions within the national network.

Educational activity in a class for Pre-school education is the responsibility of the nursery teacher, with the legally stipulated qualifications (Decree-Law No. 147/97, 11th July).

When children are enrolled in pre-primary schools that are part of the public network, the following priorities should be observed (Legislative Order no. 7-B/2015, 7th May, altered by Legislative Order no. 1-H/2016, 14th April:

  • That they are five years and four years old by 31st December;
  • that they are three years old by 15th September;
  • that they are three years old between 16th September and 31st December.

In relation to each of these priorities, and as a way to deciding in the case of equal situations, the following priorities should be observed:

  • That they have permanent special educational needs, according to Article 19 of Decree-Law no. 3/2008, 7th January, with amendments made via Law no. 21/2008, 12 May;
  • that they are the children of mothers and fathers who are under-age students, according to the terms of Article 4 of Law no. 90/2001, 20th August;
  • children with siblings attending the educational establishment in question;
  • children whose guardians reside (with proof of residence) in the catchment area of the educational establishment;
  • older children, counting age in years, months and days;
  • children whose guardians work (with proof of the fact) in the catchment area of the educational establishment;
  • other priorities and or tie-breaking criteria defined in the rules of the establishment of education and teaching.

In the case of establishments on the private network, the admission criteria are established in the rules of the institution.


Grouping of Children

In Pre-school Education, classes are made up of a minimum of 20 and a maximum of 25 children.

When classes include children with permanent special educational needs, whose individual educational programme so provides, classes contain 20 students and a maximum of two students with such needs (Legislative Order n. 7 – B/2015, 7th May).

The age range of the class depends on the school’s pedagogical approach, taking into consideration the benefits of a class with similar or different ages, whether there are one or more rooms, and the demographic nature of the place.

In the case of education establishments of the public network, the management of non-teaching staff for each class for Pre-school Education is made by direction of the school cluster to which the nursery schools belongs, in partnership with the municipality and according the following formula: for an equal or lower number of 40 children, one auxiliary, and to this number sums one more auxiliary per each additional group of 1 to 40 children (Ordinance No. 1049-A/2008, 16th September).


School Calendar

The school calendar is published annually by dispatch from the Ministry of Education. This establishes the period within which the academic should start and the different breaks and holidays with the dates decided in a meeting with guardians and the local authority, as are assessment times.

The school year comprises occurs between 1st September and 31st August.

There are breaks at Christmas and Easter (five working days, continuous or interrupted) and in Carnival (three working days).

For School Year 2016-2017 the School Calendar is published by Dispatch no. 8294-A/2016, 24th June.


Organisation of the Day and Week

The nursery school ensures a regime of functioning and a flexible timetable, which contains the five hours per day of the responsibility of the nursery teacher, as well as the hours dedicated to extra-curricular and family support activities.

These establishments are open daily until 17:30 and for a minimum period of 8 hours. However, some pre-primary establishments provide an extended timetable (which can be from 8:00 to 19:30), adapted to families’ needs.

The nursery school opening hours should be communicated to parents or legal guardians at the beginning of the school year.

The educational activity is the responsibility of the nursery teacher, and should foresee and organize periods simultaneously structured and flexible in which moments have different meaning for children in order to promote the development processes and learning designed and organized by the teacher in close cooperation with children, contemplating in a balance way several types of activities, in different situations: individual work, peer work, and work in small and big groups.

At nursery school children are provided with 25 hours of educational activities. These activities are managed by the teacher according to curriculum guidance for pre-school education (OCEPE) which, not being a syllabus, allow the teacher to manage the curricula to be developed with the children, without being subject to predefined activities or timetables.

Collaboration between teachers of specialized areas (for example: musical education, PE, experimental sciences, etc.) is encouraged.

The five hours of educational activity are divided between the morning and afternoon period, with a break for lunch.

 

Planning of extra-curricular and family support activities

Extra-curricular and family support activities are designed to accompany children before and/or after the daily period of activities and during the lunch break and holiday periods. They are planned with input from school cluster bodies according to the families’ needs.

Preferably, extra-curricular and family support activities are undertaken by the municipalities as part of the cooperation protocols between the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Solidarity, Employment and Social Security and the National Association of Portuguese Municipalities (Ordinance no. 644-A/2015, 24th August).

These activities can be undertaken through parents’ associations, municipalities, private social solidarity institutions or other types of bodies that provide social assistance, through agreements with the school clusters (Order no. 9265-B/2013, 15th July).