This page was last modified on 22 December 2016, at 15:40.

Portugal:Mobility and Internationalisation

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Portugal

Contents

Portugal:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Portugal:Historical Development

Portugal:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Portugal:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Portugal:Political and Economic Situation

Portugal:Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Portugal:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Portugal:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Portugal:Organisation of Private Education

Portugal:National Qualifications Framework

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Portugal:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Funding in Education

Portugal:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Portugal:Higher Education Funding

Portugal:Adult Education and Training Funding

Portugal:Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Portugal:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Higher Education

Portugal:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Portugal:First Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Bachelor

Portugal:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Portugal:Second Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Portugal:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Portugal:Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Distribution of Responsibilities

Portugal:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Portugal:Main Providers

Portugal:Main Types of Provision

Portugal:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Portugal:Teachers and Education Staff

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Management and Other Education Staff

Portugal:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Portugal:Management Staff for Higher Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Quality Assurance

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Educational Support and Guidance

Portugal:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Portugal:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Portugal:Mobility and Internationalisation

Portugal:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Mobility in Higher Education

Portugal:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Portugal:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Portugal:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:National Reforms in School Education

Portugal:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Portugal:National Reforms in Higher Education

Portugal:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Portugal:European Perspective

Portugal:Legislation

Portugal:Institutions

Portugal:Glossary

In the framework of mobility and internationalisation, at the education and training level, Portugal focuses its activity in three priority areas which are the European Union, the International Cooperation and the Development Cooperation.

In the area of the European Union, cooperation in education and training takes place both at national and European levels, through programs, activities and projects of different nature and content.

Some interventions has been developed for the enlargement process framework according to European Union, in the Internal Market context and the institutional relations of the European Union with third countries and international organizations, as well as the EU's external relations in education, training, Higher Education and research.

In the International Cooperation area it should be highlighted the bilateral relations, under cultural agreements, with more than fifty countries around the world, as well as the activities developed within the framework of numerous international organisations in the field of education, such as OECD, the Council of Europe, the OEIONU and the UNESCO.

Within the framework of Development Cooperation, all activity undertaken, either bilaterally or multilaterally, is carried out in coordination with the Portuguese administration body that has the responsibility, in whole or in part, for that political coordination, with competencies and skills in planning and scheduling as well as on assessment results.

Furthermore, the multilateral relations with the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP), in which context Ministers of Education meetings take place annually, and where the work of the International Institute of Portuguese Language (IILP) is of special relevance.

Internationalisation has become increasingly important on education development, as it is evident through the implementation of several international initiatives, in accordance to the 'Strategic Development Plan' of the Portuguese education system.

With the adhesion of Portugal to the Bologna process, promoting intra and extra EU mobility of students, teachers and researchers became a necessity and urge this process.

The objectives of promoting mobility of students and graduates have been achieved, namely through the amendment of Law No. 49/2005, 30th August.

The Portuguese National Agency for the Management of Lifelong Learning Programme (AN PROALV) became in 2014 Nacional Agency Erasmus+ Education and Training.

It is a mission structure created to intervene in the areas of School Education, Adult Education and Higher Education managing these areas of the ERASMUS + Programme (2014-2020).

The National Agency is assumed as a fundamental instrument in the service of the Portuguese State, responsible for the action KA1 - Learning Mobility of Individuals which in higher education concerns mobility outside Europe and KA2 - Cooperation for innovation and the exchange of good practices, strategic partnerships in the areas of Education and Training.

In recent years and throughout the modernisation and reform of the Portuguese higher education system, the concern with the importance of its internationalisation, as well as the promotion of student mobility, has always been present.

Portugal has undertaken a considerable number of measures to ensure the effective and less bureaucratised national and international mobility of students and graduates, which implies the removal of obstacles for the recognition of prior learning and qualifications.

Decree-Law No. 74/2006, 24th March established the legal framework for degrees and diplomas in Portugal (that was after revised and complemented by Decree-Law No. 107/2008, 25th June), that introduced the necessary regulations for mobility of students between national and foreign HEI based on the application of European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS).

HEI in Portugal will take into account the level of credits and the academic area in which they were obtained and credited, within their cycles of studies, training undertaken within the scope of other higher education cycles in foreign HEI.

It is also important to refer that this legislation establishes the legal framework for the creation of double, multiple or joint degrees between Portuguese and foreign HEI, which shows the importance of collaborative projects between Institutions.

Ordinance No. 401/2007, 5th April, removes all obstacles for those who wish to re-enter, change or transfer courses in higher education, therefore also integrating students from foreign institutions, extending limits to admission and simplifying procedures.

Decree-Law No. 341/2007, 12th October, allowed to implement a new and innovative regime for the recognition of foreign academic degrees that present the same level, goals and nature as the Portuguese degrees of Licenciado, Mestre and Doutor awarded by our HEI.

The procedure involved, which has a very low monetary cost and is finalised within the maximum of 30 days, foresees a simplified mechanism of recognition, based on the principal of mutual trust that should replace, in all cases where applicable, the process of equivalence based on the academic re-assessment of work carried out.

A committee of experts has been evaluating the foreign higher education systems and assesses their comparability to national degrees, deliberating and recognising the degrees, that integrate a list that has been growing gradually and that presently contemplates 33 countries from the European Union, Bologna signatory countries as well as Brazil, the United States of America and Canada.

This type of recognition also includes a simplified mechanism for converting final classifications for most of these countries. This is therefore a regime that has removed many obstacles, bureaucratic impediments and delays to the free circulation of diploma holders who wish to study or work in Portugal.

The Directorate General for Higher Education (Direção-Geral do Ensino Superior –DGES) is also the governmental organism from the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education (MCTES) that follows all questions linked with international cooperation, mobility and recognition in higher education, promoting and supporting internationalisation. 

Portugal’s participation in international activities is also reflected in bilateral programs with third states (such as language assistants program with France, the creation of sections bilingual partnerships to promote language and mutual recognition of studies and diplomas) activities specifically in the context of organizations such as the OECD, the Council of Europe, the Iberian-American Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and UNESCO, as well as initiatives and projects in the field of development cooperation, the bilateral level, especially with the Portuguese speaking countries (in the development of education systems in those countries) and multilateral level under the auspices of the Community of Portuguese language Countries (CPLP) and the International Institute of Portuguese Language (IILP).

In the context of international activity developed by Portugal we would like to highlight the participation in various international assessment exercises, such as PISA, TALIS, PIRLS and TIMSS.