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Portugal:Glossary

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Overview Portugal

Contents

Portugal:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Portugal:Historical Development

Portugal:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Portugal:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Portugal:Political and Economic Situation

Portugal:Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Portugal:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Portugal:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Portugal:Organisation of Private Education

Portugal:National Qualifications Framework

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Portugal:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Funding in Education

Portugal:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Portugal:Higher Education Funding

Portugal:Adult Education and Training Funding

Portugal:Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Portugal:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Higher Education

Portugal:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Portugal:First Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Bachelor

Portugal:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Portugal:Second Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Portugal:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Portugal:Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Distribution of Responsibilities

Portugal:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Portugal:Main Providers

Portugal:Main Types of Provision

Portugal:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Portugal:Teachers and Education Staff

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Management and Other Education Staff

Portugal:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Portugal:Management Staff for Higher Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Quality Assurance

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Educational Support and Guidance

Portugal:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Portugal:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Portugal:Mobility and Internationalisation

Portugal:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Mobility in Higher Education

Portugal:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Portugal:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Portugal:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:National Reforms in School Education

Portugal:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Portugal:National Reforms in Higher Education

Portugal:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Portugal:European Perspective

Portugal:Legislation

Portugal:Institutions

Portugal:Glossary


Acreditação de Estabelecimento de Ensino Superior 

Act aiming the certification of higher education institutions in order to ensure the fulfillment of the legal requirements for their recognition. This certification is granted for a certain period of time, to one or more science fields and for programs awarding degree(s).

Agregado 

Academic title that certifies the quality of academic, professional, scientific and pedagogical curriculum, compulsory for those who wish to run for the highest positions in university or polytechnic teaching career, respectively professor catedrático or professor coordenador principal. The title is conferred on a knowledge field or speciality of that field and is titrated by a carta de agregação.

Agrupamento de escolas

Agrupamento de escolas or School Cluster is an organizational unit, constituted by schools of the several education levels (from Pre-school Education until Upper Secondary Education) that share a common pedagogical project and that have autonomous management and administration bodies.

Ama 

A person employed to care for children in a household, up to a maximum of 4 children, aged between 3 months and 3 years, 5 days per week, from 4 to 12 hours per day.

Assistente convidado

Category envisaged in the University Teaching Career (Estatuto da Carreira Docente Universitária - ECDU) and in the Polytechnic Higher Education Teaching Career (Estatuto de Carreira do Pessoal Docente do Ensino Superior Politécnico - ECPDESP), although not belonging to academic teaching career, may be specially hired on exceptional basis, and only when the competitions have none or insufficient number of candidates.

Carta de Agregação 

Legal document certifying the academic title of agregado, issued by the HEI that awarded it.

Carta Doutoral

Legal document certifying the Doutor degree, which is issued jointly with the emission of the diploma supplement. It must be required by the former student.

Carta Educativa 

Is, at municipality level, a tool for prospective planning of buildings and educational equipments to be located in the district, according to the education and training supply and demand, in order to assure a better use of educational resources, in the scope of the demographic and socioeconomic development of each municipality.

Creche 

Institutions that provide day-care for children under three years old.

Curso de Especialização Tecnológica (CET)

Post secondary non tertiary training course that prepares youth and adults for the performance of skilled occupations in order to encourage their entry into active life. The CET has a theoretical school component and a work based training. Confers a diploma of technological specialization and provides a level 5 professional qualification.

Doutor

Academic title granted to those that have been well succeeded on a Doutoramento (3rd Cycle) program.

Doutoramento

Process leading to a Doutor degree, through a program taken in a university or university institute, which includes the development of an original thesis and its successful publicly defense before a jury, and possibly enrolment in curricular units aimed at training and research.

Ensino Básico 

Educational level which usually starts around the age of six and lasts for nine years. It aims at granting a general preparation common to all individuals, allowing students to pursue their studies or to enter specific programmes geared to a preparation for active life. It has three sequenced cycles, the first lasting for years, the second for two years and the third for three years. It is universal, compulsory and cost free.

Ensino superior 

Education level which comprises two subsystems of higher education: university and polytechnic.

Ensino Superior Politécnico 

t’s a high level type of teaching geared to the creation, transmission and culture and knowledge dissemination of a professional nature through the articulation of study, teaching, oriented research and experimental development taught in polytechnics institutions and other of polytechnic education. 

Ensino Superior Universitário 

It’s a high level type of teaching geared to the creation, transmission and dissemination of culture, knowledge, science and technology through the articulation of study, teaching, research and experimental development taught in universities, university colleges and other university education institutions.

Jardim-de-infância 

Institution offering 3 years of full or part-time pre-primary education to children aged 3 to 6. Admission is based on age.

Leitor 

Category envisaged in the University Teaching Career (ECDU), although not belonging to academic teaching career; may be recruited by invitation, among holders with higher domestic or foreign qualifications, and with appropriate curriculum to teach foreign languages.

Licenciado 

Academic title granted to those that have been well succeeded on a Licenciatura (1st Cycle) program.

Licenciatura 

Program ministered by HEI, leading to the Licenciado degree, attesting a scientific, technical and cultural training that allows the deepening of knowledge in a given scientific area and an adequate professional performance.

Mestrado 

Program ministered by HEI, leading to the Mestre degree, attesting a high level of knowledge in a given scientific area and scientific capacity to conduct research.

Mestre

Academic title awarded to those that have been well succeeded on a Mestrado (2nd Cycle) or Mestrado integrado program. 

Monitor

Student enrolled in Licenciatura (1st Cycle), Mestrado (2nd   Cycle) or Mestrado integrado, of the same or other HEI. The monitor’s duties are to cooperate with the teachers and under their guidance, without replacing them, helping in practical classes, laboratory or fieldwork. It is provided in the polytechnic higher education teaching career (ECPDESP) and in the university teaching career (ECDU).

Professo Adjunto 

Category of the polytechnic higher education teaching career (ECPDESP). Recruitment is done exclusively by documentation competition. They are expected, among other things, to collaborate with professores coordenadores within the scope of a discipline or science field and namely to conduct seminars, give practical or theoretical-practical lectures; guiding studies of internships, seminars, laboratory and fieldwork; conduct, develop and execute scientific research activities as well as experimental development in accordance with headed principles and guidelines defined within the scope of specific discipline or science field.

Professor Associado 

Category of the university teaching career (ECDU). Recruitment is done exclusively by documentation competition. They are expected to assist professores catedráticos, give lectures in Licenciatura (1st Cycle) and post-graduation courses, conduct seminars, give practical or theoretical-practical lectures, direct laboratory and fieldwork and conduct and supervise research work. 

Professor Auxiliar 

Category of the university teaching career (ECDU). They are expected to give lectures - practical or theoretical-practical - take part in laboratory and fieldwork in Licenciatura (1st Cycle) and post-graduation courses and coordinate disciplines in these courses. It may be equally distributed identical service to the professores associados in case of having five years of effective service as university teacher and the service conditions enable it. 

Professor Catedrático 

Full Professor. It is the highest position in the university teaching career (ECDU). Recruitment is done exclusively by documentation competition. Albeit among other responsibilities, he is responsible for the pedagogical and scientific co-ordination of a discipline, a group of disciplines or a department.

Professor Coordenador

Category of the polytechnic higher education teaching career (ECPDESP). Recruitment is done exclusively by documentation competition. He/she is responsible, among other things, for the pedagogical, scientific and technical coordination of teaching and research activities within the scope of a discipline or science field, and conduct seminars, give practical or theoretical-practical lectures; guiding studies of internships, seminars, laboratory and fieldwork; supervising professores adjuntos in their pedagogical, scientific and technical activities; conduct and develop scientific research activities as well as experimental development in specific discipline or science field.

Professor Coordenador Principal 

Highest position in the polytechnic higher education teaching career (ECPDESP) – for remunerations purposes is similar to professor catedrático (highest position in the university teaching career). Among other things, the professor coordenador principal has the responsibility of developing cross-sectoral coordination activities, pedagogical coordination, scientific and technical coordination of teaching and research activities within the scope of a discipline or science field, and conduct seminars, give practical or theoretical-practical lectures; guiding studies of internships, seminars, laboratory and fieldwork; supervising professores adjuntos in their pedagogical, scientific and technical activities; conduct and develop scientific research activities as well as experimental development in specific discipline or science field.

Professor Jubilado 

Title given to professors who retire by limit of age and provides certain privileges to these teachers. Can also be called professor emérito.

Professor Visitante 

Professor or researcher of a foreign HEI or of a recognized