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Portugal:Educational Support and Guidance

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Overview Portugal

Contents

Portugal:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Portugal:Historical Development

Portugal:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Portugal:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Portugal:Political and Economic Situation

Portugal:Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Portugal:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Portugal:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Portugal:Organisation of Private Education

Portugal:National Qualifications Framework

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Portugal:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Funding in Education

Portugal:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Portugal:Higher Education Funding

Portugal:Adult Education and Training Funding

Portugal:Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Portugal:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Higher Education

Portugal:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Portugal:First Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Bachelor

Portugal:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Portugal:Second Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Portugal:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Portugal:Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Distribution of Responsibilities

Portugal:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Portugal:Main Providers

Portugal:Main Types of Provision

Portugal:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Portugal:Teachers and Education Staff

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Management and Other Education Staff

Portugal:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Portugal:Management Staff for Higher Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Quality Assurance

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Educational Support and Guidance

Portugal:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Portugal:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Portugal:Mobility and Internationalisation

Portugal:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Mobility in Higher Education

Portugal:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Portugal:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Portugal:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:National Reforms in School Education

Portugal:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Portugal:National Reforms in Higher Education

Portugal:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Portugal:European Perspective

Portugal:Legislation

Portugal:Institutions

Portugal:Glossary

Careers guidance in schools

Careers Guidance services (CG), created by Decree-law n. 190/91, 17 May are considered specialised educational support units that are part of the school network, operating in schools and school clusters, from ECEC to secondary education in three areas: educational psychology support for students and teachers, support for educational community relations and guidance systems.

Activities in each of these areas vary according to the context and priorities identified in the school management mechanisms. These areas are interconnected and complementary, focussing on student development and improving educational quality.

Law n. 85/2009 extends compulsory education, and the most recent legislation regarding the organization and operation of the Portuguese Educational System, specifically the measures to be adopted to prevent school failure and dropout, as well as the guiding principles of basic and secondary education curriculum management (Decree-law n. 139/2012 in its current wording), guidelines regarding special education (Decree-law No. 3/2008 and Ordinance n. 201-C /2015), give CG an active role regarding academic success, equal opportunities for all and preparing young people for the transition from school to the labour market, including those with special educational needs.

CG is developmental. It works on a face-to-face basis and by distance, using ICT. It boasts a set of tools and technical resources in line with ethical and quality criteria defined in particular by the European Lifelong Guidance Policy Network (ELGPN).

Counselling

In terms of psycho-pedagogical advice, CG network works with schools and the community:

  • To collaborate in the assessment of students and resources;
  • to promote and develop projects geared towards curriculum accessibility;
  • to organize training or consultancy activities for teachers, parents and assistants;
  • to identify and analyse hurdles to learning and propose suitable measures;
  • to help find the most appropriate responses special educational needs. Assess/ intervene in situations related to problems of behaviour and development;
  • to develop initiatives to support personal and social development, as well as prevent risk-prone behavior;
  • to implement and collaborate on educational projects to combat school failure and dropout;
  • to assess/intervene in situations where students demonstrate exceptional learning ability.

In relation to support for teaching and non-teaching staff, CG helps these professionals to develop strategies to respond effectively to an increasingly diverse student population.

Careers guidance

The role of CG is key to building and developing a career. This continuous process offers a number of challenges where support is needed by various education and training bodies, including families.

With this paradigm in mind, CG empowers students with the strategies and skills necessary for effective management of the educational and professional paths.

CG enables students to build and manage life projects and a career via:

  • Development of self-awareness - adopting attitudes and behaviours that reflect an accurate notion of themselves;
  • effective interaction - relating to different types of people, maintaining a helpful attitude regarding communication or interaction, managing difficulties and conflicts in order to achieve objectives;
  • information management - using appropriate strategies to locate, collect and validate information. Being constantly involved in research and management of information that is important to careers;
  • change management – adapting to new challenges, constantly development and updating knowledge. Mastering the strategies that facilitate transitions in the various life situations and being an agent of change;
  • decision - analysing and assessing different alternatives, pondering the consequences of the options at the time and in the long-term;
  • access to the labour market – mastering strategies for finding and keeping a position in the labour market.

In this field of CG, the work is undertaken via a combination of different strategies (face-to-face or in groups) or use of ICT (web resources). There are also other activities involving exploration and direct contact with professions, such as: field trips, internships, job shadowing, voluntary work, participation in thematic exhibitions, among others.