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Portugal:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

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Overview Portugal

Contents

Portugal:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Portugal:Historical Development

Portugal:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Portugal:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Portugal:Political and Economic Situation

Portugal:Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Portugal:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Portugal:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Portugal:Organisation of Private Education

Portugal:National Qualifications Framework

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Portugal:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Portugal:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Portugal:Funding in Education

Portugal:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Portugal:Higher Education Funding

Portugal:Adult Education and Training Funding

Portugal:Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 3 years

Portugal:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 3 years

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Portugal:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Portugal:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Portugal:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Portugal:Higher Education

Portugal:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Portugal:First Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Bachelor

Portugal:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Portugal:Second Cycle Programmes

Portugal:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Portugal:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Portugal:Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Distribution of Responsibilities

Portugal:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Portugal:Main Providers

Portugal:Main Types of Provision

Portugal:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Portugal:Teachers and Education Staff

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Management and Other Education Staff

Portugal:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Portugal:Management Staff for Higher Education

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Portugal:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Quality Assurance

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Portugal:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Educational Support and Guidance

Portugal:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Portugal:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Portugal:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Portugal:Mobility and Internationalisation

Portugal:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Mobility in Higher Education

Portugal:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Portugal:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Portugal:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Portugal:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Portugal:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Portugal:National Reforms in School Education

Portugal:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Portugal:National Reforms in Higher Education

Portugal:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Portugal:European Perspective

Portugal:Legislation

Portugal:Institutions

Portugal:Glossary

Planning Policy

Public HEI must have a permanent group of professors who are beneficiary of a reinforced statute of working stability (tenure), in an appropriate number, and complying with the respective Education Careers Statutes.

The rules regarding the categories and duties of educational staff, their recruitment, status and rights and duties which include payment and retirement rights are legally established, as referred to in the abovementioned Statutes.

The public HEI must have the necessary human resources to carry out their missions, notwithstanding the hiring of any external services, being responsible for the recruitment and promotion of their education staff, as prescribed by law.

The maximum number of education staff that each public HEI may hire is established in fixed by the Order of the supervising Ministry. The distribution of vacancies according to the different categories is done by each HEI, although the supervising Ministry may stipulate general rules on these issues.

Private Higher Education Institutions (HEIs)

According to the law, teaching staff in private higher education are guaranteed a parallel career structure to that of teaching staff in public higher education.

The teaching staff in private higher education institutions must possess the academic qualifications and degrees legally required for the equivalent category of duties in public higher education.

The recruitment of private HEI education staff is ruled by private law, without governmental intervention for its planning.


Entry to the Profession

Public HEI

The education staff in public HEIs can be career staff, who are recruited via application system and specially-hired staff, who are non-permanent and recruited by invitation. The university education staff career includes the categories Professor Catedrático, Professor Associado and Professor Auxiliar.

In addition to the teachers belonging to the abovementioned categories, public HEI may also employ, for the provision of teaching and specially-hired staff, Portuguese or foreign individuals of recognized scientific, pedagogical or professional merit whose work is relevant to the interests and needs of the HEI concerned.

These individuals are called, depending on the duties for which they are hired, as a guest professor, guest assistant or reader, except when teachers from foreign higher education institutions and researchers from foreign scientific institutions, which are called visiting professors.

Students from undergraduate courses or Master's from the higher education institution itself or another institution of higher education can also be hired as monitors.</p>

The polytechnic higher education staff includes the categories Professor Coordenador Principal, Professor Coordenador and Professor Auxiliar. In addition to these teachers, for the provision of teaching and specially-hired staff, Portuguese or foreign individuals of recognized scientific, pedagogical or professional merit whose work is relevant to the interests and needs of the HEI concerned.

The individuals hired boast a status similar to the teaching career categories in public higher education polytechnics with a job description appropriate for the duties performed and are called, depending on each case, guest coordinating professors or guest assistant professors except when foreign higher education institutions and researchers from foreign scientific institutions, which are called visiting professors.

Those with Master's degrees or a 1st cycle degree and suitable curriculum can be hired as guest assistants. They are assigned teaching duties under the guidance of a professor. Students from undergraduate courses or Master's from the higher education institution itself or another institution of higher education, university or polytechnic, public or private, whose responsibility it is assist, without substituting them, the remaining teachers under their guidance.

Private HEI

At private university and polytechnic HEIs, staff are recruited according to the rules of private law, applying the principle of party autonomy (freedom of contract).

Professional Status

Public HEI

The teaching staff tenure system of university and polytechnic higher education is different, depending on whether it refers to career staff or non-career staff (specially hired staff).

Career staff have indefinite employment contract with public duties, after successfully completing a trial period; non-career staff have fixed term employment contract with public duties.

Professores catedráticos and professores associados at universities and professores coordenadores principais and professores coordenadores at polytechnics enjoy enhanced job security (tenure), which means guaranteeing employment in same category and career, although at a different institution, particularly when the higher education institution they belong to reorganizes and no longer requires them.

Career staff are hired on a full-time basis (exclusive or non-exclusive), with non-career staff being hired on a part-time basis. These staff can be employed full-time for exceptional reasons and for a limited time.

Private HEI

At private university and polytechnic HEIs, staff are recruited according to the rules of private law, applying the principle of party autonomy (freedom of contract).

Salaries

Public HEI

The salaries of higher education teaching staff are defined by law, depending on category, evaluation results and, to a lesser extent, length of service.

The maximum gross amount is currently established at €5,402, with the minimum amount being €1,637.

In relation specially-contracted staff, when hired part-time, their remuneration is established based on a percentage of a full-time salary, depending on category and what they are invited for.

Private HEI

At private university and polytechnic HEIs, staff are recruited according to the rules of private law, applying the principle of party autonomy (freedom of contract).

Working Time and Holidays

Public HEI

Teaching staff in public higher education institutions (university and polytechnic) work on a full-time or part-time basis.

Full-time is understood to be the weekly working hours for the majority of employees working in public administration.

Work time includes all duties established by the respective career statute, including work time outside the HEI related to the fulfilment of teaching duties.

As such, in addition to the time devoted to lessons and preparation, the teacher’s timetable also includes a part for student support, which, generally speaking, corresponds to half that time.

Coordination of free courses in areas of scientific interest to the HEI, not included in the respective set of disciplines, and authorized by the Scientific Council, are also considered teaching duties.

In the exercise of part-time work, the total number of weekly service working hours, including classes, its preparation and students’ support, is contractually stipulated.

In private HEI, the education service conditions are agreed by parties under the rules of private law. Despite the application of the principle of party autonomy (freedom of contract), it is desirable to establish a similar regime to public higher education.

Promotion, Advancement

Public HEI

Promotion in the public HEI teaching profession (university and polytechnic) in the different categories occurs via an application process, while progression within the same category depends on the professor’s respective performance evaluation results.

Private HEI

In private HEI (university and polytechnic), the career progression depends on the terms agreed by the parties, with application of the principle of private autonomy.

Retirement and Pensions

Public HEI

The rules regarding professors’ retirement in public HEI are laid down in the Retirement Statute applicable to all workers in the public sector or in the Social Security scheme (general or convergent), applicable, case by case, depending on the date of admission to public administration. Both in university and polytechnic education, a teacher who is retired for having reached the age limit (currently 70 years) is given the title Professor Jubilado (Professor Emeritus).

Professores Jubilados or retired professors can be Master’s dissertation and PhD thesis supervisors, members of juries for the attribution of Master’s and PhDs, members of juries for the attribution of Agregado, Habilitado and Especialista titles and research in higher education or scientific research.

They can also be members of juries for public vacancies covered by university or polytechnic teaching career and scientific research statutes.

Professores Jubilados or retired professors can also, exceptionally, if necessary, considering their special competence in a given area, teach in HEI, however, they cannot satisfy permanent teaching needs.

Private HEI

The scheme applicable to private HEIs is, generally speaking, the general Social Security scheme.