This page was last modified on 21 April 2015, at 10:20.

Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Uit Eurydice

Ga naar: navigatie, zoeken

This topic allows the reader to situate the country's education and training system within a broad territorial, political, demographic and linguistic framework.
If you would like country specific information on this topic, please click on the appropriate flag at the bottom of the page.

Historical Development

This section outlines the main historical developments of each country that have led to its current political and social situation (including the foundations of the State in its present form), as well as recent reforms. It also states when the country first became a member of the EU (if applicable) or if and when it intends to become one.

Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

This section provides information on the role and responsibility of the various bodies (at all levels national, ‘community’ and/or regional or local) and Ministries involved in education (such as Youth, Sport, the Family, Labour/Employment or Social Affairs).

Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

This section describes the land area and the current demographic situation of the country.

It may include statistical information with reference to official national sources on:
• The age distribution of the population
• Rates of employment and unemployment
• Immigration and migration flows

Focusing on the trends that might have an impact on education policy in their country, this section includes information on demographic developments e.g.

• Ageing of the population
• The degree of urbanisation
• Internal migration and other migratory movements

In addition, the linguistic situation of each country is described:

• Providing indications on the official/state language(s), regional/minority language(s) and the non-territorial languages
• Identify the language(s) of instruction (meaning languages used to teach one or more subjects in the curriculum), with a specification whether they are used at all educational levels.

The extent to which the main and/or official religions influence the organisation of the education system in the country is described (if indeed at all).

Political and Economic Situation

In this section, you will find the most significant facts concerning the country’s political and economic situation. Statistical information with reference to official national sources for the most recent available year, plus 2000 and 2005, may be provided on:
• GDP expenditure on education as a % of total GDP expenditure
• The educational attainment level of the adult population.

 Austria Greece.png Greece                 Portugal.png Portugal
Belgium.png Belgium (Flemish Community) Hungary.png Hungary Romania.png Romania
Belgium.png Belgium (French Community)     Iceland.png Iceland Slovakia.png Slovakia
Belgium.png Belgium (German-Speaking Community)  Ireland.png Ireland                       Slovenia.png Slovenia
Bulgaria.png Bulgaria Italy.png Italy Spain.png Spain
Croatia.png Croatia Latvia.png Latvia Sweden.png Sweden
Cyprus.png Cyprus Liechtenstein.png Liechtenstein Switzerland.png Switzerland
Czech.png Czech Republic Lithuania.png Lithuania Turkey.png Turkey
Denmark.png Denmark Luxembourg.png Luxembourg Uk.png United Kingdom (England)
Estonia.png Estonia  Malta.png Malta Uk.png United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
Finland.png Finland Netherland.png Netherlands  Uk.png United Kingdom (Scotland)
France.png France  Norway.png Norway Uk.png United Kingdom (Wales)
Germany.png Germany  Poland.png Poland