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Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

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Overview Poland

Contents

Poland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Poland:Historical Development

Poland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Poland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Poland:Political and Economic Situation

Poland:Organisation and Governance

Poland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Poland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Poland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Poland:Organisation of Private Education

Poland:National Qualifications Framework

Poland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Poland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Poland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Poland:Funding in Education

Poland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Poland:Higher Education Funding

Poland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Poland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Primary Education

Poland:Organisation of Primary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Poland:Assessment in Primary Education

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Poland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Higher Education

Poland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Poland:First Cycle Programmes

Poland:Bachelor

Poland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Poland:Second Cycle Programmes

Poland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Poland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Poland:Adult Education and Training

Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Poland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Poland:Main Providers

Poland:Main Types of Provision

Poland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Management and Other Education Staff

Poland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Quality Assurance

Poland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Educational Support and Guidance

Poland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Poland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Poland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Mobility in Higher Education

Poland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:National Reforms in School Education

Poland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Poland:European Perspective

Poland:Legislation

Poland:Institutions

Poland:Glossary

The national legislation distinguishes between:

  • teachers working in the school education system which comprises not only early childhood and school education but also adult education provided in schools and other educational institutions for adults; and
  • academic teachers: teachers working in the higher education system.

School education teachers and academic teachers are subject to different regulations.

I. School education teachers

Initial education and training:

  • is provided within the higher education sector: first-, second- and long-cycle programmes, and non-degree postgraduate programmes;
  • is organised according to two models: a concurrent model and a consecutive one; the concurrent model is predominating;
  • as part of first-cycle (Bachelor’s degree) programmes: prepares teachers for work only in nursery schools and primary schools; as part of second-cycle and long-cycle (Master’s degree) programmes: prepares teachers for all school levels;
  • comprises compulsory training for teaching a given subject, psychological and pedagogical training, and teaching methodology training.

Conditions of service discussed in this chapter cover:

  • planning policy and monitoring of teachers
  • entry to the profession and conditions of service
  • induction programme
  • professional status
  • replacement measures
  • supporting measures
  • remuneration system
  • working time and holidays
  • professional promotion grades
  • transfer, and termination of an employment relationship
  • retirement and pension scheme

In-service training / continuing professional development

Continuing professional development (CPD) is not obligatory in the Polish education system, though, pursuant to the legislation in force (Teachers’ Charter), teachers should improve their general and professional knowledge. Participation in CPD is necessary for professional promotion as the assessment of the teacher’s professional achievements, conducted as part of the promotion procedure, covers the extent to which the teacher concerned has implemented an agreed professional development plan.

There are two strands of CPD activities:

  • further training/skills upgrading (dokształcanie)
  • in-service training (doskonalenie zawodowe).

Further training/skills upgrading covers programmes and courses where teachers may gain higher-level formal qualifications or additional formal qualifications, whereas in-service training covers various activities which develop teachers' working methods and techniques as part of the qualifications already held.

II Academic teachers

Categories of academic staff / academic teachers:

  • research-and-teaching staff
  • research staff
  • teaching staff
  • qualified librarians and qualified scientific documentation and information staff.

Only research-and-teaching staff and teaching staff are statutorily required to teach students.

Initial education and training:

  • National legislation does not specify initial training requirements or paths for academic teachers. The employment of prospective academic teachers is determined by qualification requirements laid down in the legislation for individual positions within each category of academic staff.
  • Training prospective academic staff is one of the responsibilities of academic teachers holding the title of professor (profesor) or a post-doctoral degree (doktor habilitowany).
  • Pedagogical preparation is not required of academic teachers.

Conditions of service discussed in this chapter cover:

  • recruitment procedures
  • professional status
  • remuneration system
  • working time and holidays
  • professional promotion opportunities
  • retirement and pensions

In-service training / continuing professional development

  • Only teaching staff are explicitly required to upgrade their professional skills.
  • Detailed arrangements concerning professional development of academic staff are laid down in internal regulations of higher education institutions.

LEGISLATION:

  • Act of 14 June 1960, the Code of Administrative Proceedings (as subsequently amended): it lays down arrangements for administrative proceedings; these include so-called jurisdictional administrative proceedings in individual cases which lead to administrative decisions and are considered by public administration bodies and other bodies appointed (by virtue of law or agreements concluded) to settle such cases, and conduct proceedings related to the issue of certificates; proceedings in disputes over jurisdiction between public administration bodies and between public administration bodies and other bodies appointed to settle cases by administrative decision; and proceedings concerning complaints and motions; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20130000267 (text in Polish)
  • Act of 26 January 1982, The Teachers’ Charter (as subsequently amended), regulates key matters related to the teaching profession in the school education system, including qualification requirements for teachers, their responsibilities, conditions of service, professional promotion rules and general rules for performance appraisal and assessment of professional achievements.
  • School Education Act of 7 September 1991 (as subsequently amended) regulates key aspects of the school education system, including general rules for the establishment, functioning and liquidation of initial teacher training institutions (teacher training colleges and foreign language teacher training colleges) and continuing teacher training institutions.
  • Act of 14 March 2003 on Academic Degrees and Title, and on the Degrees and Title in the field of Art (as subsequently amended) regulates matters related to authorisations and procedures to award doctoral and post-doctoral degrees (doktor and doktor habilitowany) and the title of professor (profesor) which are required for employment in, or for the promotion to, higher research-and-teaching and research positions.
  • Act of 27 July 2005, The Law on Higher Education (as subsequently amended), regulates key aspects of the higher education system, including categories of staff (academic staff / academic teachers and non-academic staff), qualification requirements for academic teachers, their conditions of service, including remuneration rules, and general requirements concerning teacher performance appraisal. It also sets a general framework for external and internal quality assurance for higher education.
  • Act of 22 May 2009 on Teacher Compensation Allowances regulates conditions and requirements for teachers to reach the minimum age in order to be entitled to a full pension and lays down rules for defining the amount of pensions.
  • Act of 15 April 2011 on the school education information system (SIO) (as subsequently amended), which repealed the Act of 19 February 2004, imposes on school managing bodies an obligation to gather data on schools and other educational institutions in their jurisdiction.
  • Act of 25 June 2015 amending the Labour Code and some other Acts introduced amendments to the following Acts: Act of 21 November 1967 on the general obligation to defend the Republic of Poland; Act of 16 September 1982 on Employees of State Institutions; Act of 25 June 1999 on social security benefits for sickness and maternity; Act of 27 July 2001 on Foreign Service; Act of 13 March 2003 on specific rules for the termination of an employment relationship for reasons unrelated to employees; Act of 13 June 2003 on Social Employment; Act of 9 July 2003 on Temporary Employment; Act of 28 November 2003 on Alternative Military Service; Act of 21 November 2008 on Civil Service; Act of 21 November 2008 on Local Government Employees; and Act of 20 March 2015 on anti-communist opposition activists and persons persecuted for political reasons; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20150001220 (text in Polish)
  • Act of 29 December 2015 amending the School Education Act and some other Acts introduced amendments to the Act of 13 June 2013 amending the School Education Act and some other Acts, the Act of 30 August 2013 amending the School Education Act and the Acts amending the School Education Act and some other Acts; Act of 6 December 2013 amending the School Education Act and some other Acts; and the Act of 11 July 2014 amending the Law on Higher Education; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20160000035 (text in Polish)
  • Act of 13 May 2016 on Measures to Prevent Sexual Offences: it introduced amendments to the Act of 6 April 1990 on the Police; Act of 5 June 1997, the Penal Code; Act of 24 May 2000 on the National Criminal Register; and Act of 6 August 2010 on Identity Cards; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20160000862 (text in Polish)
  • Act of 18 March 2016 amending the Teachers’ Charter and some other Acts; it introduced amendments to the School Education Act of 7 September 1991; Act of 19 March 2009 amending the School Education Act and some other Acts, the Act of 15 April 2011 on the School Education Information System (SIO); Act of 11 July 2014 amending the Law on Higher Education and some other Acts; and the Act of 29 December 2015 amending the School Education Act and some other Acts; http://isip.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20160000668 (text in Polish)
  • Act of 25 September 2015 amending some Acts with a view to supporting innovativeness; it introduced amendments to the Act of 26 July 1991 on the Personal Income Tax; Act of 15 February 1992 on the Corporate Income Tax; Act of 14 March 2003 on Academic Degrees and Title, and on the Degrees and Title in the field of Art; Act of 20 April 2004 on the Promotion of Employment and Labour Market Institutions; Act of 4 March 2005 on the National Capital Fund; Act of 27 July 2005, Law on Higher Education; Act of 30 April 2010 on Research Institutes; Act of 30 April 2010 on the Polish Academy of Sciences; Act of 12 December 2013 on Foreigners; and Act of 11 July 2014 on the rules for the implementation of programmes funded as part of the cohesion policy within the 2014-2020 Financial Framework; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20150001767 (text in Polish)
  • Act of 20 May 2016 amending the Law on Higher Education and the Act amending the Law on Higher Education and some other Acts; it introduced amendments to the Act of 27 July 2005, Law on Higher Education (Journal of Law 2012, item 572, as subsequently amended); http://www.dziennikustaw.gov.pl/DU/2016/908 (text in Polish)
  • Act of 23 June 2016 amending the School Education Act and some other Acts; it introduced amendments to the Act of 26 January 1982, the Teachers’ Charter; Act of 26 July 1991 on the Personal Income Tax; Act of 27 July 2005, Law on Higher Education; Act of 15 April 2011 on the School Education Information System (SIO); Act of 22 December 2015 on the Integrated Qualifications System; and Act of 29 December 2015 amending the School Education Act and some other Acts; http://isip.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20160001010 (text in Polish)

Regulations of the Minister of National Education

  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education and Sport of 20 December 2003 on the accreditation of continuing teacher training institutions lays down, among other things, the conditions and procedure for granting and withdrawal of accreditation.
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education and Sport of 20 December 2003 on the accreditation of institutions providing continuing education in non-school settings lays down rules for applying for accreditation on a voluntary basis, and for granting accreditation not only to public and non-public educational institutions within the school education system, but also to entities providing continuing education as part of economic activity.
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 19 November 2009 on in-service teacher training institutions (as subsequently amended; the latest amendment of 26 October 2012) lays down arrangements for the establishment, functioning and liquidation of continuing teacher training institutions, tasks performed by public accredited institutions and qualifications and duties of teachers-methodological advisers.
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 12 March 2009 on the detailed qualification requirements for teachers, and on schools and cases in which teachers without a higher education qualification or a diploma of a teacher training institution may be employed (as subsequently amended; the latest amendment of 17 April 2012) lays down qualification requirements for school education teachers.
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 18 July 2011 on the minimum rates of the basic pay for teachers, other work-related benefits and allowances, and remuneration for working overtime (as subsequently amended) defines the minimum rates of the basic pay for school education teachers.
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 21 December 2012 on the criteria and procedures for assessing teacher performance, the appeals procedure, and the procedure for the establishment and the composition of an assessment board lays down detailed arrangements, based on the Teachers’ Charter, concerning performance appraisal for school education teachers.
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 1 March 2013 on the professional promotion grades for teachers lays down the rules for the promotion of school education teachers, requirements concerning probation period (trainee teachers) and activities of qualification and examination boards.
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 1 March 2013 on an outline training programme for candidates for experts taking part in examination and qualification boards for teachers applying for promotion, procedures of keeping registers and registration procedures; it defines the main rules for training experts.
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 24 July 2015 on the requirements for the provision of education and care for disabled and socially maladjusted children and young people and those at risk of social maladjustment; it lays down arrangements for education and care provided to disabled children and young people requiring special organisation of education and work methods: deaf; with impaired hearing; blind; with impaired vision; with motor disabilities, including aphasia; with mild, moderate and severe intellectual disabilities; with autism, including Asperger’s syndrome; and with multiple disabilities; socially maladjusted and at risk of social maladjustment; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20150001113 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 21 August 2015 amending the Regulation on in-service teacher training institutions (Journal of Law 2014, items 1041 and 1142); http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20150001251 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 27 August 2015 on pedagogical supervision: it lays down detailed arrangements for pedagogical supervision, including procedures and forms; arrangements for access to the electronic platform on pedagogical supervision; a list of positions requiring pedagogical qualifications in the regional education authorities and other bodies exercising pedagogical supervision or organisational units subordinate to them; qualifications required for pedagogical supervision; qualifications of persons who may be contracted to conduct research and expert assignments; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20150001270 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 23 October 2015 amending the Regulation on disciplinary committees for teachers and arrangements for disciplinary proceedings. (Journal of Law No. 15, item 64); http://dziennikustaw.gov.pl/du/2015/1831 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 10 November 2015 amending the Regulation on the distribution of funding for in-service teacher training among the province governor budgets, forms of in-service teacher training supported by funds set aside within the budgets of school managing bodies, province governors and the minister responsible for school education, and the detailed criteria and procedure for awarding such funding; it amends the Regulation of the Minister of National Education and Sport of 29 March 2002. (Journal of Law No. 46, item 430); http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20150001973 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 22 December 2015 on the distribution of the school education part of the general subsidy for local government units in 2016; it amends the Act of 13 November 2003 on Revenues of Local Government Units (Journal of Law 2015, item 513, as subsequently amended); http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20150002294 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 7 April 2016 amending the Regulation on the accreditation of in-service teacher training institutions; (Journal of Law, item 840; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20160000485 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 7 April 2016 amending the Regulation on the accreditation of in-service teacher training institutions; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20160000485 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 25 May 2016 on the detailed arrangements for enquiries and disciplinary proceedings against teachers and for the resumption of disciplinary proceedings; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20160000741&min=1 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 4 July 2016 amending the Regulation on the minimum rates of the basic pay for teachers, other work-related benefits and allowances, and remuneration for work on days off work. (Journal of Law 2014; items 416 and 922, and 2015, item 868; http://dziennikustaw.gov.pl/du/2016/1029/1 (text in Polish)

Regulations of the Minister of Science and Higher Education

  • Regulation of the Minister of Science and Higher Education of 12 October 2006 on the conditions for sending individuals abroad for research, teaching and training purposes, and their specific entitlements; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20061901405 text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of Science and Higher Education of 2 November 2006 on the method of calculating the remuneration for a holiday leave and an amount to be paid for an unused holiday leave for academic staff (as subsequently amended); http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20062031499 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of Science and Higher Education of 17 January 2012 on the standards for initial teacher training: it lays down requirements for initial teacher training as part of first-, second- and long-cycle programmes and non-degree postgraduate programmes; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20120000131 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of Science and Higher Education of 11 December 2013 on the conditions for remuneration and other work-related benefits for employees in a public higher education institution: it lays down, among other things, the minimum rates of the basic pay for individual groups of positions in public higher education institutions, and the amount of additional salary components for employees together with conditions for granting them.
  • Regulation of the Minister of Science and Higher Education of 7 September 2015 amending the Regulation on the conditions for remuneration and other work-related benefits for employees in a public higher education institution: it amends the Regulation of the Minister of Science and Higher Education of 11 December 2013 on the conditions for remuneration and other work-related benefits for employees in a public higher education institution (Journal of Law, item 1571); http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20150001452 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of Science and Higher Education of 30 October 2015 on the detailed procedure and requirements for the procedures leading to the award of a doctoral degree and a post-doctoral degree and of a professorial title; http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20150001842 (text in Polish)
  • Regulation of the Minister of Science and Higher Education of 7 September 2015 amending the Regulation on the conditions for remuneration and other work-related benefits for employees in a public higher education institution. (Journal of Law, item 1571); http://isip.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20150001452
  • Regulation of the Minister of Science and Higher Education of 15 January 2016 amending the Regulation on the distribution of the state budget subsidy for financial support for students and doctoral students among public and non-public higher education institutions and research institutions. (Journal of Law, item 260); http://isip.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20160000074