Poland:Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Poland

Contents

Poland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Poland:Historical Development

Poland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Poland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Poland:Political and Economic Situation

Poland:Organisation and Governance

Poland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Poland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Poland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Poland:Organisation of Private Education

Poland:National Qualifications Framework

Poland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Poland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Poland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Poland:Funding in Education

Poland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Poland:Higher Education Funding

Poland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Poland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Primary Education

Poland:Organisation of Primary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Poland:Assessment in Primary Education

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Poland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Higher Education

Poland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Poland:First Cycle Programmes

Poland:Bachelor

Poland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Poland:Second Cycle Programmes

Poland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Poland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Poland:Adult Education and Training

Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Poland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Poland:Main Providers

Poland:Main Types of Provision

Poland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Management and Other Education Staff

Poland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Quality Assurance

Poland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Educational Support and Guidance

Poland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Poland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Poland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Mobility in Higher Education

Poland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:National Reforms in School Education

Poland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Poland:European Perspective

Poland:Legislation

Poland:Institutions

Poland:Glossary

2014


Compulsory language education in pre-school education

Reform status: initiated, under implementation

Currently only 34% of children attending nursery school participate in language education. In order to change this proportion, the Ministry of National Education signed an executive regulation updating the core curriculum for nursery schools, adding a new area “Preparation to use modern foreign language”. From 1 September 2014 it is optional for every nursery school to start free language lessons. Compulsory language lessons will be introduced in 2015 for all 5-years-old children and 2 years later, from 1 September 2017, all the children attending nursery school will be learning a foreign language.

Additional information in Polish is available on the Ministry of National Education’s website.


Recruitment to pre-schools and schools

Reform status: implemented

According to the amendment to the School Education Act which came into force on the 18 January 2014 children living in a catchment area of the given commune (gmina) have a priority in admission procedure. If the number of candidates exceeds the number of available places a recruitment procedure is implemented. In the procedure the following types of candidates have a priority in admission: disabled children, those with disabled parents or siblings, those from big families (minimum 3 children), children in foster care or cared for by single parents.

If there are any places left children are admitted according to the additional (maximum 6) criteria set by the local government (gmina) – one of those being the employment status of the parent/parents - priority is given to children whose parents are in employment. Family income can be one of the selected criteria too. The commune (gmina)defines which documents should be produced in order to prove meeting of the required criteria.

As for public primary and lower secondary schools – the existing legislation is still in force and all children living in the local catchment area are admitted. If the school still has free places left children from outside the catchment can be admitted according to a separate recruitment procedure.

Additional information in Polish is available on the Ministry of National Education’s website.


2013

Increasing growth of participation rate in pre-school education

Reform status: introduced, under implementation

On September 2013 an amendment to the School Education Act was implemented which concerns the promotion of pre-school enrolment. The amendment introduces mechanisms that will facilitate access to kindergartens and other pre-primary institutions to all the children aged three from 2017 and will allow them to profit from the right to pre-primary education (all 4-year-olds will have right to free pre-school education since September 2015). In particular the Act regulates the allocation of additional funds from the State Budget to local authorities responsible for pre-school provision of 504 million PLN in 2013, and 1.567 million PLN in 2014, gradually raising up to the 1.879 million PLN in 2022. Additional funds directed to local authorities are in particular targeted at: (1Establishment of new places in pre-school provision, (2) Increase in the quality of pre-school education, (3) Lowering of the fees paid by the parents for the provision outside the free pre-school hours..

Owing to the introduced changes it is expected that Poland will reach the participation rate in pre-primary education level similar to that of other European countries sooner than it was previously assumed, i.e. in 2017-18 instead of 2020.

Additional information in Polish is available on the Ministry of National Education’s website

Facilitation of development of the new forms of ECEC for children aged below 3

Reform status: implemented

In July 2013 amendments in the act on care over children until 3 years of age prepared by The Ministry of Labour and Social Policy came into force. The act lays down the rules of establishing and functioning of the institutions providing ECEC to the youngest children (i.e. crèches, kids’ clubs, day child carers, nannies) , the qualifications required from the employees who care over children in these institutions, the rules of financing ECEC as well as the rules of supervision over conditions and the quality of ECEC. Establishing of a crèche or a kids’ club requires registration in the crèches and kids’ club register.

  • The main changes introduced since July 2013 concern: decrease of the contribution required from the local authorities (gmina) in the procedure of applying for the financing from the State Budget for establishing and functioning of ECEC institutions for children under 3 years of age from 50% to 20%;
  • extension of the catalogue of entities entitled to apply for the financing from the State Budget for establishment and functioning of ECEC institutions – except from the local authorities (gmina), also natural persons, legal persons and organizational entities without legal personality are entitled to do so;
  • extension of the catalogue of entities allowed to employ day child carers;
  • enabling institutions providing ECEC for children aged below 3 to use joint administrative, financial and organizational services with schools and other institutions within education system.
  • stating in one legal act all the health requirements concerning crèches and kids’ clubs.
  • enabling institutions providing ECEC to register a crèche or kids’ club on –line.

The aforementioned changes are aimed at facilitating organisation of ECEC institutions for children under 3 and thus, at more efficient implementation of the so-called crèche law.

Additional information in Polish is available on the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy’s website.


2012

Departmental programme for development of institutions providing ECEC for children aged below 3 - “Toddler” (Additional funds for increasing enrolment of children up to 3 years in early education and care institutions)

Reform status: introduced, under implementation

As from 2012 The Ministry of Labour and Social Policy has been implementing programme Toddler, aimed at supporting institutions providing ECEC for children under 3 years. In 2012, the resources amounting to 24 million PLN were activated. . The remaining amount of the target grant (reserve) i.e. approx. 16 million PLN was assigned for the financing of the current expenditure (including maintenance costs) of care units for small children created under the “Toddler” programme and establishment of other care arrangements, in particular the day child carer. In addition, the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy also supported with the help of European funds the establishment of crèches, kids’ clubs and day child carer services (150 million PLN were allocated to this aim).

In 2013 and 2014 40 million PLN were allocated yearly for the Toddler programme. Since 2014, thanks to the amendments in the so-called crèche law, not only local authorities, but also other types of institutions (e.g. entrepreneurs, natural persons, NGOs running ECEC institutions) are entitled to apply for the subsidy from these resources.

Additional information in Polish is available on the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy’s website.


2011

Compulsory pre-school preparatory year for 5-year olds

Reform status: implemented

As from September 2011, 5-year-olds are required to follow one-year pre-school preparatory classes in a nursery school or in an alternative pre-school setting (previously, only 6-year old children were required to do so).

At present, primary education starts at the beginning of the school year in the calendar year when the child reaches the age of 7. As from 1 September 2014, the process of including 6-year olds in primary education on compulsory basis will commence (it will be implemented gradually in two years’ time).