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Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

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Overview Poland

Contents

Poland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Poland:Historical Development

Poland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Poland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Poland:Political and Economic Situation

Poland:Organisation and Governance

Poland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Poland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Poland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Poland:Organisation of Private Education

Poland:National Qualifications Framework

Poland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Poland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Poland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Poland:Funding in Education

Poland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Poland:Higher Education Funding

Poland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Poland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Primary Education

Poland:Organisation of Primary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Poland:Assessment in Primary Education

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Poland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Higher Education

Poland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Poland:First Cycle Programmes

Poland:Bachelor

Poland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Poland:Second Cycle Programmes

Poland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Poland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Poland:Adult Education and Training

Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Poland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Poland:Main Providers

Poland:Main Types of Provision

Poland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Management and Other Education Staff

Poland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Quality Assurance

Poland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Educational Support and Guidance

Poland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Poland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Poland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Mobility in Higher Education

Poland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:National Reforms in School Education

Poland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Poland:European Perspective

Poland:Legislation

Poland:Institutions

Poland:Glossary

A broader framework for the internationalisation of higher education is provided by the Bologna Process which Poland joined by signing the Bologna Declaration in 1999 together with 28 other European countries. Until 2010 activities focused on the establishment of more compatible and coherent higher education systems as part of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). The key elements included the introduction of comparable degrees (a three-cycle degree structure); implementation of the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) in higher education institutions; removal of obstacles to student and staff mobility; development of the European dimension in education; and European cooperation in the field of quality assurance. In the decade 2010-2020, devoted to the consolidation of the EHEA, priority is given to, among other things, qualifications frameworks, lifelong learning, social dimension of higher education, student centred learning, employability, international openness, mobility and recognition, and quality assurance.

Global and intercultural dimension in curriculum development

Higher education institutions (HEIs) develop curricula either fully independently (if they are authorised to award post-doctoral degrees in the relevant areas) or in accordance with model learning outcomes laid down in Regulations of the Minister of Science and Higher Education, or in line with a description of learning outcomes adopted by a given institution and based on a decision taken by the Minister (in other cases). National legislation does not define contents related to the European, global or intercultural dimension of programmes.

Information about programmes and courses covering various European issues which are provided in Polish HEIs are available in a publication (a book, on-line version and a CD-ROM) of the Task Force Training and Human Resources. The directory shows that programmes or courses in European Studies are offered in 250 organisational units of Polish institutions. The leading institutions which provide programmes in European Studies include: the University of Warsaw, the University of Economics in Cracow, the A. Mickiewicz University in Poznań, the Warsaw School of Economics, the University of Gdańsk, the Jagiellonian University, the University of Łódź, the N. Copernicus University in Toruń, the University of Wrocław, the A. Gieysztor Academy of Humanities, the H. Chodkowska University in Warsaw, and the Centre of European Studies at the Institute of Geography and Spatial Management, the Polish Academy of Sciences.

The European dimension of Polish higher education is also evidenced by programmes and courses delivered in foreign languages. Based on the information available in the above-mentioned ‘Go Poland’ Portal, Polish HEIs offer in total over 800 programmes in foreign languages, mainly in English.

Partnerships and Networks

EU programmes

Like in the case of student and academic staff mobility, greater opportunities for establishing partnerships and networks have been offered to Polish higher education institutions (HEIs) by EU programmes: first, the TEMPUS programme launched in 1990; then Socrates (Stage I: 1995-1999; Stage II: 2000-2006), which Poland joined in 1998; the Lifelong Learning Programme (2007-2013) and Erasmus Mundus (Stage I: 2004-2008; Stage II: 2009-2013); and currently, the Erasmus+ Programme (2014-2020).

Within Erasmus+, HEIs may participate in three types of projects: Strategic Partnerships, Knowledge Alliances, and Capacity Building in Higher Education. Strategic Partnerships are designed to introduce and disseminate innovative approaches with a view to modernising the programmes offered in line with social and economic needs and to improving the quality of education. Support is provided for activities such as the development and implementation of cooperation strategies, the development of study programmes, teaching and learning methods and tools, closer collaboration with enterprises, and studies and analyses. Projects are of two or three years’ duration and involve at least three institutions / organisations from three countries. In addition to HEIs, project partners can be various institutions / organisations, e.g. research institutions, enterprises, NGOs and non-profit organisations, associations, foundations and social partners. Knowledge Alliances aim to support innovativeness, develop entrepreneurship skills in society and facilitate knowledge transfer between HEIs and enterprises. Projects last two or three years. Each project involves at least six organisations from three countries, including at least two HEIs and two enterprises. Capacity Building in Higher Education projects support reforms and development of higher education in so-called Partner Countries in 11 regions of the world (see the list in the Erasmus+ Programme Guide). Projects involve at least three HEIs from three Programme Countries and at least two HEIs from one Partner Country. Grants are awarded for projects focusing on the modernisation of curricula, modernisation of university management and the strengthening of relations between higher education and the wider economic and social environment. The duration of projects is two or three years.

http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/erasmus-plus_en

http://erasmusplus.org.pl/szkolnictwo-wyzsze/

Polish HEIs and research institutions also participate in the 8th Framework Programme, Horizon 2020 (2014-2020), and the COST research programme.

Multilateral and bilateral programmes / initiatives

Central European Exchange Programme for University Studies (CEEPUS) and International Visegrad Fund: see Section 13.2.1.

Collegium Polonicum in Słubice

The Collegium Polonicum is a joint unit of the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań and the Viadrina European University in Frankfurt an der Oder. It carries out teaching and research activities and supports cooperation between Polish and German academics. It is concerned with, among other things, European integration issues and research on border regions. On the basis of the agreement concluded between the Polish Minister of National Education and Sport and the Minister of Science, Research and Culture of the Federal State of Brandenburg in 2002, the Collegium hosts not only students from the partner universities undertaking a study period or following postgraduate courses, but also students and graduates from other HEIs.

Moreover, cooperation is developing with the EU educational institutions: the European University Institute in Florence, and the College of Europe in Bruges, a branch of which operates in Natolin, Warsaw. http://www.coleuropenatolin.eu/pl