This page was last modified on 28 October 2016, at 12:43.

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Poland

Contents

Poland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Poland:Historical Development

Poland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Poland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Poland:Political and Economic Situation

Poland:Organisation and Governance

Poland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Poland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Poland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Poland:Organisation of Private Education

Poland:National Qualifications Framework

Poland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Poland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Poland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Poland:Funding in Education

Poland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Poland:Higher Education Funding

Poland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Poland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Primary Education

Poland:Organisation of Primary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Poland:Assessment in Primary Education

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Poland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Higher Education

Poland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Poland:First Cycle Programmes

Poland:Bachelor

Poland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Poland:Second Cycle Programmes

Poland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Poland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Poland:Adult Education and Training

Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Poland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Poland:Main Providers

Poland:Main Types of Provision

Poland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Management and Other Education Staff

Poland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Quality Assurance

Poland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Educational Support and Guidance

Poland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Poland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Poland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Mobility in Higher Education

Poland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:National Reforms in School Education

Poland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Poland:European Perspective

Poland:Legislation

Poland:Institutions

Poland:Glossary

This section gives an overview of the national ongoing reforms and policy developments in education and training. It groups reforms in the following broad thematic areas that largely correspond to education levels:

  • Early Childhood Education and Care
  • School Education
  • Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning
  • Higher Education
  • Transversal Skills and Employability

Inside each thematic area, reforms are organised chronologically. The most recent reforms are described first.

This chapter provides a thematic and chronological overview of national reforms and policy developments since 2013.

The introduction of the chapter describes the overall education strategy and the key objectives across the whole education system. It also looks at how the education reform process is organised and who are the main actors in the decision-making process.

Finally the section on the European perspective provides links to European strategies in which education and training have a prominent role.


Overall national education strategy and key objectives

Action plan for responsible development of Poland

Support for development of enterprises, their productivity and foreign expansion, and even development of the entire country experienced by all Poles. More investment and higher innovation expenditure. Significantly better cooperation between science and business. High-quality GDP growth. Changes facilitating the functioning of enterprises and promotion of savings. These are the main assumptions of the plan adopted by the government on the 16 February 2016. Out of several institutions the tasks of which partially overlapped, a coherent Polish Development Fund will be created.

Strategy for Responsible Development

In 2016 a Strategy for Responsible Development has been announced which envisages, among others, a reform of the higher education system and implementation of the integrated qualifications system.

The project of the Strategy has been prepared by the Ministry of Economic Development – the document is the key strategy indicating the directions for Poland’s development in the mid-term perspective. Sustainable development of the country is the key point of the Strategy – in its economic, social environmental and territorial scope. All citizens are to profit from the Strategy’s outcomes. At present the document is under wide consultation.


The Lifelong Learning Perspective (PLLL)

On September 2013 the government adopted the integrated strategic document entitled The Lifelong Learning Perspective, covering various forms of learning (formal, non-formal, informal) at different educational levels (from ECEC to senior education). Implementation of this document results from Poland’s international obligations concerning European cooperation on education and training ET 2020 as well as from the recommendation of the Council of the EU on the Polish National Reform Programme issued in the framework of monitoring the implementation of the "Europe 2020" strategy. This document’s aim is to develop a consistent attitude towards lifelong learning, not only within formal education system, but also in other aspects of the State’s activity in which the question of qualifications and competences of citizens is important.

Information on The Lifelong Learning Perspective is available in Polish on The Chancellery of the Prime minister’s website and The Ministry of National Education’s website.

Key objectives of currents reforms are met through comprehensive measures in various areas of education: 

  • in the school education system: vocational education reform aimed at linking this type of education with economy demand and labour market needs; consolidation of the school support and management system; implementation of plans to promote pre-primary education in Poland – introduction of mechanisms that will guarantee the right to pre-school education to all 3-year olds by 2017; a complex reform of the whole school education system is planned (see section on reforms in school education).
  • in the higher education system – continuous implementation of measures aimed at stimulating correspondence between study programmes and the needs of the labour market. Previously introduced programme of supported fields of study (supporting selected fields of studies considered crucial from the labour market’s perspective) has been replaced by the new programme aimed at supporting key competences that need to be developed regardless of the field of study. In February 2016 the Ministry of Science and Higher Education initiated works on the new act which is to replace the current act “Law on Higher Education”. In the open competition “Act 2.0 – basis for the higher education system” three teams of experts have been appointed which have already commenced work on the proposals of the new act. Completion of work in this area is planned for 2017.
  • in a wider learning context: development of lifelong learning modes, starting from ECEC (including children under 3) that educates both children and their parents up to adult education promoting and fostering non-formal on-the-job education, civic activity and education for the elderly (including support to Third Age Universities). 

Overview of the education reform process and drivers

School education

Educational reform is based on the following legislation:

  • Act of 6 December 2006 on the rules for preparing the policy of development  (Official Journal  2016.383 )
  • Act of 29 June 1995 on public statistics (Official Journal 2016, item. 1068 )
  • Act of 15 April 2011 on School Education Information System (Official Journal 2015.45)
  • As a part of the document by the Council of Ministers (Polish government) on the 27 April 2009 „Systemic basis for management of the development of Poland”
  • Act of 8 August 1996 on the Council of Ministers (Official Journal  2012, item 392, and 2015, item 1064).

Normative acts are drafted on the basis of:

  • Resolution Number 190 of the Council of Ministers of 29 October 2013 Code of Functioning for the Council of Ministers  (published in the Polish Monitor of  5 December 2013 ) – regulation related among others to the preparation of draft normative acts including impact assessment on society and economy.
  • Recommendations by the Minister of Economy and Prime Minister’s Chancellery for assessment of impact and public consultation for the governmental legislative procedure  (recommendations for assessment of impact on society and economy according to the resolution of the Council of Ministers of 29 October 2013 - Regulation Code of Functioning for the Council of Ministers).
  • Recommendations on establishment service monitoring of functioning and closure of opinion/advice bodies supporting the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers (on this basis various teams and bodies can be established in order to provide opinion and advice).

For the EU programmes the key document is evaluation plan for the Operational Programme Knowledge Education Development.  

The Act on public statistics defines rules and gives basis for a reliable, professional and independent statistical research which results have an official status and it establishes the organisation and procedure for such research and related responsibilities.     

Act on School Education Information System defines organisation and operational rules for the School Education Information System which’s purpose it to obtain the data necessary for: 1) drafting and implementation of educational policy at the central, regional and local levels including support to school education management; 2) efficient functioning of education financing at the central, regional and local levels; 3) analysis of cost effectiveness of public funds expenditure earmarked for educational purposes; 4) supervision and coordination of pedagogical supervision in the whole country and improvement of quality assurance. The system provides open access to information on school education.

Act on the Council of Ministers gives the ministers a right to establish at the post of minister various teams and bodies with opinion making and advisory capacity. The regulation by the minister further regulates the purpose, tasks, members and functioning of these bodies. For example in 2015 the Minister of National Education established a Team for Strategy at her post giving it a right to commission analysis, opinions or experts’ work.

Higher education

The currently implemented process of reform of the Polish higher education system undertaken in the framework of the initiative „Act 2.0 – Basis for the higher education system” is organised according to the following time table:

Action

Timing

1

Issue of the Communication by the Minister of Science and Higher Education „Act 2.0 – Basis for the higher education system” (Polish Monitor 2016 item 191)

23 February 2016

2

Open competition by the Minister of Science and Higher Education

29 February 2016

3

Directive by the Minister of Science and Higher Education on the establishment of an intersdisciplinary team for the assessment of proposals for the „Act 2.0 – Basis for the higher education system” initative. (Ministry’s Official Journal 2016 . item. 22)

7 April 2016

4

Submission of proposals to the Ministry by research institutions

Deadline 29 April 2016

5

Works of the intersdisciplinary team for the assessment of proposals for the „Act 2.0 – Basis for the higher education system” – assessment of proposals

4-5 May 2016

6

Conclusion of agreements setting the terms of financing, implementation,  reporting and accounting of the project accepted for financing in the framework of the Act 2.0 competition.

June 2016

7

Award Ceremony of the Act 2.0 competition

3 June 2016

8

Works by the winning teams including consultations with the research and academic community

June 2016 – January 2017

9

Initial presentation of proposed basis for the Act by the representatives of winning institutions at the thematic programme conferences of the National Science Congress.

Starting October 2016

10

Submission of proposed basis for the Act regulating the higher education system, regulations, research and academic community consultation report as well as financial reports by the winning institutions.

Deadline 31 January 2017

11

Processing of proposed basis for new regulations in the area of higher education with relevant regulations by the Ministry

Starting February 2017

The following main actors can be named in the above mentioned process:

  • The Ministry of Science and Higher Education (as contractor and initiator)
  • SWPS University, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, and Allerhand Institute (as institutions from which the winning teams come and ehich are responsible for drafting proposals of basis for the new higher education act).
  • The General Council of Science and Higher Education (Rada Główna Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego), the Polish Accreditation Committe (Polska Komisja Akredytacyjna), Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland (Konferencja Rektorów Akademickich Szkół Polskich), Conference of Rectors of Vocational Schools in Poland (Konferencja Rektorów Zawodowych Szkół Polskich) (in advisory and opinion making capacity).