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Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

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Overview Poland

Contents

Poland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Poland:Historical Development

Poland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Poland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Poland:Political and Economic Situation

Poland:Organisation and Governance

Poland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Poland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Poland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Poland:Organisation of Private Education

Poland:National Qualifications Framework

Poland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Poland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Poland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Poland:Funding in Education

Poland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Poland:Higher Education Funding

Poland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Poland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Primary Education

Poland:Organisation of Primary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Poland:Assessment in Primary Education

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Poland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Higher Education

Poland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Poland:First Cycle Programmes

Poland:Bachelor

Poland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Poland:Second Cycle Programmes

Poland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Poland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Poland:Adult Education and Training

Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Poland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Poland:Main Providers

Poland:Main Types of Provision

Poland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Management and Other Education Staff

Poland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Quality Assurance

Poland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Educational Support and Guidance

Poland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Poland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Poland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Mobility in Higher Education

Poland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:National Reforms in School Education

Poland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Poland:European Perspective

Poland:Legislation

Poland:Institutions

Poland:Glossary


2017

Top Minds

Reform status: project announced February 2017

40 students and graduates of Polish HEIs have been chosen for participation in a pilot programme TopMinds which is to offer support to young people in their professional development. TopMinds is a training and mentoring scheme targeted at persons who plan their career in science, business or public administration. It is meant to offer support in a choice of a right professional path in changing market circumstances, in the development of interpersonal competences and encouraging proactive attitudes. The long range outcome expected from this programme should be reduction of unemployment among the graduates, keeping them in Poland and the development of science and economy. The programme offers participation in individual mentoring, meetings and lectures by representatives of various professions and interpersonal competences training. Detailed information:  topminds.pl

2016

System for Monitoring of Graduates’ Careers

Reform status: implemented in 2016

The Ministry of Science and Higher Education is implementing a new system of monitoring of graduates’ career paths. The administrative data is downloaded from the two state run systems – the Social Security System and the POL-on system – information system on higher education administered by the Ministry. The use of official sources guarantees the reliability of data.

The new system is to offer open access to the simple and understandable information on the situation of graduates of particular study areas in the labour market. The information is offered in particular to the HEIs, graduates, students, prospective students, but also to all interested parties.  Presentation of data  allows for comparison between different fields of study or HEIs.


Stakeholders Board for the Integrated Qualifications System (IQS)

Reform status: implemented

The Minister of National Education has established the Stakeholders Board for the Integrated Qualifications System which includes the representatives of associations, enterprises, local authorities, the Programme Council for the Competences and the Ministry.

The Board is responsible for monitoring of the Integrated Qualifications System, drafting opinions on changes to the system and exchange of expertise and experience in the field of qualifications. The Board has an advisory capacity to the Minister of National Education who is the coordinator of IQS. Involvement of social partners is crucial for proper functioning of the system. The Board will support the coordinating Minister in assuring cohesion and comparability of measures implemented in the framework of IQS. The board includes 14 members nominated for 2-year membership  and 15 for 4-years one.

The tasks of the board include:

  • Preparation of opinions on draft legislation related to the IQS.
  • Commenting on experts’ recommendations on linking qualifications to the relevant level of Polish Qualifications Framework.
  • Commenting on the relevance of including sectoral qualification frameworks to the Integrated Qualifications System and their accordance with the Polish Qualifications Framework.


Portal of the Integrated Qualifications System

Reform status: implemented

On the 15th of July 2016 a new portal for the Integrated Qualifications System and the Integrated Register of Qualifications were established.

The register will include a list of qualification from both the school and higher education systems. Other qualifications incorporated by relevant ministers will be also included in the register. Interested institutions can already apply for registration of their qualifications in the IQS. The portal is operated by the Polish Agency for the Enterprise Development: www.kwalifikacje.gov.pl

Introduction of the Integrated Qualifications System

Reform status: implemented

Act of 22 December 2015 on Integrated Qualifications System introduces:


a)    a set of simple and coherent systemic solutions concerning qualifications awarded outside the system of education and higher education;
b)    definition of the Integrated Qualifications System (IQS) as a set of rules, standards and procedures defined in the regulations and regulating the methods of operation of various bodies related with the award of qualifications and assuring their quality;
c)    definition of the main elements of IQS; Polish Qualifications Framework (PQF), Integrated Register of Qualifications (IRQ) and rules concerning quality assurance of qualifications awarded outside the system of education and higher education;
d)    regulations concerning a set of definitions, rules and standards concerning the inclusion of qualifications in IQS, their award and quality assurance, which integrates three areas of qualifications:
-    qualifications in education and higher education – full and partial qualifications (distinguished in school vocations, post-graduate studies) included in IQS under the law and awarded based on acts regulating the operation of the system of  education and higher education,
-    market qualifications – partial qualifications not regulated by the law, so far awarded in accordance with the freedom of business operations,
- regulated qualifications - partial qualifications established in accordance with distinct regulations (outside the system of  education and higher education).

2015

Student internships in public administration

Reform status: under implementation

A governmental programme of student internships in public administration has been introduced recently. It has become very popular both among official departments and academic community. Over 16 thousand places have been offered in 1.5 thousand offices in a period from July to December this year. Administration departments were required to arrange at least 1 internship per every 20 employees. In most cases the internship will take 3 months. More information is available here. Those responsible for registering students may find there all the necessary information (such as time, place, duties, competences required) to choose the best offer.

More information in Polish at the website of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education.

Act proposal on the integrated qualification system

Reform status: under implementation

In March 2015 the Polish Government approved and act proposal on the integrated qualification system. The act will make possible integration and development of the qualification system in Poland through introduction of the two new instruments:

  • 8-level Polish Qualification Framework (PQF, Polska Rama Kwalifikacji) (describing knowledge, skills and social competences)
  • The Integrated Register of Qualifications (IRQ, Zintegrowany Rejestr Kwalifikacji).

The Polish Qualification Framework will embrace qualifications issued in Poland and, through reference to the European Qualification Framework, will allow to match them to those issued in other EU countries.

The IRQ, as provided in relevant regulations, will contain qualifications acquired on completion of both secondary education and HE. Adding regulated qualifications (those referred to in the law) to the IRQ will be subject to the relevant minister, whereas market qualifications will be submitted by the interested parties (e.g. representatives of particular industries). All the qualifications registered in the Register of Qualifications will have indicated their level in the Polish Qualification Framework. Introduction of a new qualification in to the Register will require indicating its level in PQF. The quality of particular qualifications will be assured through defined procedures. Information on qualifications will be open to the public via online portal. The register will be managed by the Polish Agency for Enterprise. A standard description for each qualification will be introduced together with quality requirements which will serve qualifications – those acquired both in the formal and non-formal education.

Works on the act proposal were entered to the Board's of Ministers work list in May 2015 and currently the proposal is being prepared. Works include departments involved in the Inter-ministerial Team for LLP, incl. NQF. The act proposal is scheduled for the last quarter of 2015.

More information in Polish available at the website of the Ministry of Education. 

2014

"Studyin'? Practice!" (Studiujesz?Praktykuj!) Campaign

Reform status: under implementation

The campaign „Studying? Practice!” replies to the changes in the Law on Higher Education of 1st October 2014 introducing compulsory, min. 3-month-long internships for students of practically-oriented programmes. Internships are supposed to enhance students’ knowledge and skills as well as prepare them to undertake employment in the future. The campaign is intended to promote the concept of learning at work and is presented online at the specially developed portal and via traditional promotional activities (e.g. posters, leaflets).  

More information available at the website of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education.


Business for Education project

Reform status: implemented

A systemic project called “Business for Education” has been launched which aims at promoting practical cooperation between entrepreneurs and HEIs, vocational schools and the educational institutions that train potential employees. In the years 2013 and 2014, in the framework of this project, a campaign promoting a long-term human resource management in enterprises was implemented. The implementation of 11 Educational Programmes will be “Business for Education” key activity. The chosen enterprises will be not only provided with the technical/specialist and organizational support concerning the coordination of their cooperation with a particular educational establishment, but also will be advised on formulating the basis of the Educational Programme. The Programme envisages establishment of a special kind of partnership between an enterprise and the chosen educational institution, which will improve students’ knowledge, skills, and competences as well as prepare them for the labour market needs. The implementation of the Educational Programmes will also improve young employees’ social competences required in their future career. The project has been completed in June 2015.