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Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

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Overview Poland

Contents

Poland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Poland:Historical Development

Poland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Poland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Poland:Political and Economic Situation

Poland:Organisation and Governance

Poland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Poland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Poland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Poland:Organisation of Private Education

Poland:National Qualifications Framework

Poland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Poland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Poland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Poland:Funding in Education

Poland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Poland:Higher Education Funding

Poland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Poland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Primary Education

Poland:Organisation of Primary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Poland:Assessment in Primary Education

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Poland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Higher Education

Poland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Poland:First Cycle Programmes

Poland:Bachelor

Poland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Poland:Second Cycle Programmes

Poland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Poland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Poland:Adult Education and Training

Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Poland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Poland:Main Providers

Poland:Main Types of Provision

Poland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Management and Other Education Staff

Poland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Quality Assurance

Poland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Educational Support and Guidance

Poland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Poland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Poland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Mobility in Higher Education

Poland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:National Reforms in School Education

Poland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Poland:European Perspective

Poland:Legislation

Poland:Institutions

Poland:Glossary

2017

Industrial Doctorates

Reform status: legislation approved in April 2017  

 

Industrial doctorates aim at stimulating cooperation and transfer of knowledge  between research and business. They also open a new fast path to PhD.

The following there groups are invited to take advantage of this programme:

  • MA degree (or its equivalent)  holders who intend to develop their academic career;
  • Best academic centres – namely research institutions rated A+ and A;
  • Businessmen/women and other employers who wish to develop research and development activities and therefore improve their chances of success on the market.

 

Dual doctorates

Industarial doctorates will be implemented in the dual system. A research institution and an enterprise will agree a research programme with a claer aim of solving a praticluar problem indicated by the employer. The doctoral candidate will have two tutors – an academic tutor – an idepandent researcher who is charge of research quality control and a supporting tutor indicated by the employer. A double tutorship allows for intensified contact between the world of science and business.

Doctorate cadiate’s opportunities – up to two salaries

Two places of employment mean also additional benefits to the candidates. Apart from the remuneration due to the full time employment the candidate also receives a stipend from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. It will be equal to a minimum basic salary of an assistant at a public HEI – at present it amounts to 2450 PLN.

500 PhD candidates can enter the programme each year. First participants should commence their studies in October 2017. 21 million PLN has been earmarked for the first academic year of the programme.  A maximum level of financing stipulated in the legislation is estimated at around 85 million PLN a year.

Industrial habilitation

The project assumes that PhD holders will be able to continue their industrial career path and obtain qualifications equivalent to the degree of habilitated doctor.

HEIs

Research instituion offers access to research facilities and support by the research team and in return receives additional funding covering costs of infrastructure use.

The reform is to be implemented in mid 2017.

2016

Practical placement programme in public vocational HEIs

Reform status: initiated project

Initiative is addressed to students in the areas of humanities, sciences, and technology. Estimated budget of the project is 125 000 000.00 PLN.

The project initiated in September 2016 is aiming at the preparation of a coherent national system of 6-month long practical placements in public vocational HEIs, for study programmes with a practical profile. The system will apply to public vocational HEIs and selected non-public HEIs with a vocational profile enrolling at least 100 students in full time study programmes where at least 40% of all students are enrolled in full time programmes.

The project envisages participation of maximum 7 000 students who while following their course of study will participate in extended 6-month practical placements and improve their competences. The funds necessary for implementation of these placements will be disbursed from the European Social Fund.

The expected results of the project include the development of students’ competences, increase in the flexibility of preparing study programmes and closer cooperation between employers and HEIs.


Third Age Universities

Reform status: call for proposals 2017

The Ministry of Science and Higher Education intends to support Third Age Universities – both the existing ones and the institutions which intend to start such initiatives.

The total budget earmarked for 2017 projects is 4 000 000 PLN. The call for proposals is open to the 30 November 2016. Information on the call for proposals:

  • Projects will be implemented between January 2017 and 15 December 2017.
  • Financial support will be offered to 16 projects, with a rule of one project per institution.
  • No more than two projects can to be supported per one region.
  • Financial support to one project cannot exceed the amount of 300 000 PLN.
  • The project budget can include indirect costs (overheads) of no more than 10% of the total project expenditure.


Internationalisation – establishment of the National Agency for Academic Exchange

Reform status: proposal

A conference entitled „Internationalization – a Chance and a Challenge for Polish HEIs” was held on the 20-21 October 2016 in Rzeszów.

The conference has initiated a series of meetings with the research community which will be concluded in September 2017 with a National Science Congress.

Internationalization is one of the key elements of the reform planned by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. The influx of researchers and students from abroad will be encouraged by the new financing algorithm designed to support mobility.

The main aim of internationalization is to support the improvement of quality – of both teaching and research.

Apart from the new Act on Higher Education (see information on Act 2.0 below) a newly established agency – the National Agency for Academic Exchange (Narodowa Agencja Wymiany Akademickiej, NAWA) will be established in order to support the process of internationalization. The Agency will support the Ministry in its efforts to promote internationalization of the Polish Higher Education Institutions.


Changes to the funding of Higher Education Institutions

Reform status: proposal

The Ministry of Science and Higher Education has presented a proposal of changes to the system of funding of public HEIs. The planned changes are to simplify the existing algorithm by reducing the number of its elements.

The new algorithm will include three priorities:

  • Improvement of teaching quality
  • Streamlining of teaching process and research in HEIs
  • Internationalisation, support to students who choose Polish HEIs in order to obtain their degrees.

The ministry will soon open consultations with the academics. The proposed changes may be introduced in the academic year 2017/18.


New Strategy for Science and Higher Education

Reform status: strategy

The Minister of Science and Higher Education has announced a new strategy for science and higher education. The strategy includes three elements and its aim is to improve the condition of Polish HEIs and ensure the development of science.

The three elements of the Strategy are as follows:

  • Constitution for Science (systemic changes to the higher education system)
  • Innovations for the Economy (commercialization of science and partnership with business)
  • Science for You  (programme for the social responsibility of science).

Constitution for Science

In October a wide debate will take place in academic institutions. It will be based on three proposals provided by teams selected in an open competition (see also information below). The new act on higher education will be drafted based on the debate results. It is already proposed that a new type of university  will be established – a research university. Apart from teaching these universities will put emphasis on the scientific research.

Improvement and development of internationalization is an important challenge and it will be addressed via establishment of a National Agency for Academic Cooperation. The Agency will be responsible for streamlining of the stipend programmes and encouraging foreign students to study in Poland. It will also undertake measures to stop the brain drain phenomenon and will facilitate return of outstanding Polish scientists from abroad.

Innovations for the economy

Increasing the level of innovation is one of the major aims of the Action plan for responsible development of Poland  (Plan Odpowiedzialnego Rozwoju). Work on the new Act on Innovations is about to start in the Parliament . The act should come into force in January 2017.

Innovative economy will be based on reformed research institutions. A National Technological Institute will be established which will include a network of top research institutes contributing to the development of priority sectors of the economy. Reform of the research institutions will be a good opportunity to assess their performance and define their abilities and competences.

Science for You

Science for You includes a set of initiatives and programmes which are to increase the social responsibility of HEIs and scientific institutions.

The programme includes:

  • Young Explorers’ University (more information below)
  • Science buses – a service of buses equipped with scientific labs will cruise the country with professional animators trained by the Nicolaus Copernicus Science Centre; in 2017 the science buses will visit at least 400 schools.
  • Support to Third Age Universities - a pilot project of support to Third Age Universities will be launched in October 2016 with a 4 million PLN budget.


Young Explorers' University  

Reform status:  project

A new programme has been launched by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education – the Young Explorers' University. …

The programme is addressed at young children and people aged 6 to 16 years. They will be involved in learning about new scientific discoveries  in special classes organized by scientists in HEIs and research institutions.

The programme is aiming at proposing new initiatives and support for the already existing children universities. Every project will involve 70 children at a minimum. Regular educational activities will be offered by scientists and specialists in a given area.

First group of 40 beneficiaries will be selected in 2016 with financing starting in 2017. A maximum grant for one project amounts up to 40 thousand PLN. The budget of the first edition is earmarked at a maximum of 1.6 million PLN, while the second edition’s  budget will amount to 5 million PLN.



Derregulation continues

Reform status: approved

Derregulation process is being continued with proposals of new regulations. The Ministry of Science and Higher Education has open consultation on 7 new regulations related to running of study courses, programme assessment criteria, maximum recruitment fees for students in public HEIs, national register on academic teachers and researchers, documentation for the course of study, procedures related to granting of the PhD, habilitation and professorship, and programmes of “repair” measures for tackling problems in public HEIs.

The derregulation legislation has been passed and comes into force for the new academic year 2016/17.

Detailed information is available at the Ministry’s website.



Changes to the student loan system

Reform status: coming into force on 15 August 2016

The new regulation introduces the following changes to the procedure of granting student loans:

  • New deadline for applications for student loans has been set between the 15 August and 20 October 2016 (instead of 15 November). The final deadline for concluding agreements has been moved from the 31 March to 31 December 2016.
  • Applications can be placed by persons undergoing recruitment procedure for enrollment in HEIs. Apart from students and doctoral students also candidates who if successful may start their studies in October 2016 can also apply for student loans. The bank can consider applications by persons who are students or hold a document confirming their involvement in the selection procedure while agreements can be concluded upon confirming their student or doctoral student status.
  • The maximum amount of family income per person which gives the candidate the right to receive a loan in a given academic year should be determined before the opening date for the incoming applications. In the academic year 2016/17 the amount has been set at 2500 PLN per person in the family which gives grounds for concluding the agreements upon reviewing the repayment options. In the coming years the amount will be defined by the Minister of Science and Higher Education on the basis of data from the previous application round.
  • Making the repayment installments more flexible. In the academic year 2016/17 student (or doctoral student) will have 4 options of repayment to choose from : 600 PLN (basic rate), 800 or 1000 PLN (higher rate) or 400 PLN (reduced rate).
  • It will be possible to adjust the monthly repayment rate during the loan agreement period. The student will be able to apply for increase or reduction of the rate according to his/her current needs.


Competence Development Programme - continuation

Reform status: under implementation

At the end of March 2016 the National Centre for Research and Development announced the outcome of the first edition of the Competence Development Programme. The total amount of 87 million PLN will be allocated to 41 HEIs implementing 61 projects. The programme is aimed at the development of skills important on the labour market through such activities as certified classes and workshops, additional practical classes implemented in a form of projects, study visits to enterprises, also organized in cooperation with foreign institutions, and social and economic partners such as employers interested in the development of students’ competences. 10 million PLN is the maximum amount of financing granted to one project in the framework of CDP.

In 2014 the Competence Development Programme was initiated as a pilot scheme with 73 projects accepted for funding with the support of over 58 million PLN (see also information given in the section for 2014). A new call for projects will be announced soon and total funding up to the year 2020 is earmarked at 1 billion PLN. For more information go to the National Centre for Research and Development website.


Act 2.0 – Preparation of a new act on higher education 

Reform status: proposal

The new act on higher education will be prepared by the representatives of the HE institutions. The Minister has announced a competition „Act 2.0 – Foundations for the Higher Education System”. The competition is open to Polish academic teachers and researchers to formulate a new act on higher education. The existing Act „Law on Higher Education” has been amended so many times that is has become unclear. The minister has expressed his wish to have legislation adjusted to the needs of the current academic environment and the Polish economy.

Persons interested in participation in this completion had two months to establish research teams and prepare a general project of the new legislation. Proposals had to comply with the thematic scope published by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. The indicated themes include:

  • higher education system,
  • organization and governance of settings in the higher education systems,
  • evaluation system,
  • financing and the property of settings in the higher education system,
  • study programmes, students, doctoral students, graduates.

The Ministry has chosen three winning research projects considered best for the Polish higher education system. The authors of winning projects will receive grants up to 900 thousand PLN in total.

The winning teams of experts – grants recipients will be in charge of wide consultations in the academic circles. The results of consultations, supported by analysis will be merged with the initial project proposal to result in a full documentation of opinions and a complete dossier of concrete solutions to become basis for a new act of legislation. 

The winning teams are as follows:
•    Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan - head: prof. Marek Kwiek
•    SWPS University – head: prof. Hubert Izdebski
•    Alleerhand Institute – head: prof. Arkadiusz Radwan. 

They were nominated in June 2016.


Derregulation

Reform status: approved, to be implemented in the academic year 2016/17

The following changes to procedures have been proposed based on the wide consultation (April 2016):

  • Reduction of the periodical assessment of academic teachers’ and researchers’ performance – once every 4 years instead of 2 years.
  • Removal of limits in access to the second study area.
  • Reduction of requirements to organize open competitions for academic positions (in the case of professional advancement).
  • New requirements for HEIs to increase the quality of PhD programmes (a requirement to guarantee scholarships to 50% of enrolled doctoral students).

2015

The HEIs of the Future

Reform status: implemented

The HEIs of the Future is a set of complex measures undertaken by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education and financed from the EU funds in the framework of the Operational Programme "Knowledge Education Development". The programme is aiming at the implementation of the Strategy "Europe 2020" in Poland and 5 billion PLN is earmarked for its implementation. In 2015 the programme includes, among others, the Competence Development Programme initiated in 2014. The CDP programme is aiming at the development of competences much needed on the labour market such as communication, cooperation and team work, and analytical thinking. The programme is addressed to students in all disciplines.
In 2016 the HEIs of the Future is to open two more competitions – New Curricula and Internationalization of the Polish Higher Education System.


Validation of professional qualifications

Reform status: proposal of parliamentary act

A proposal of a parliamentary act on validation of professional qualifications has been approved by the Polish government. The act will simplify the internal procedures and information flow between the EU Members. It will make it possible to validate professional qualifications via the electronic tool provided by the European Commission leading to the receipt of the European Professional Card. At first the EPC card will be available to nurses responsible for general care, pharmacists, physiotherapists, mountain guides and real estate agents, but the list of professions is to be extended. The proposal also secures the possibility of validating the practical placements undertaken in the EU for the purpose of practicing a regulated profession, and envisages establishment of the Polish contact point providing information and services in the area of validation of qualifications.

Better conditions of study for foreign students

Reform status: approved for implementation

Foreign students who wish to study in Poland can undertake their studies on more favourable terms. The new regulation by the Minister of Science and Higher Education of 7 August 2015 on undertaking and following studies and training by foreigners and their involvement in research and development activities changes conditions for tuition fee payments.

Before this date foreign students had to pay for their studies in advance. This meant that in the case of Bachelor programmes students had to pay for 3 years in advance.

Starting in the academic year 2015/16 a foreigner can pay for each semester of study separately. The tuition fees will be defined by the heads of HEIs.


Studies for outstanding candidates

Reform status: approved for implementation, currently suspended

100 students a year will be able to commence studies in the best universities of the World. The amendments to the Law on Higher Education and Tax Law make it possible for the “Studies for outstanding candidates” programme to be implemented.

The participants will not be obliged to repay the tuition fees in two cases:

  • If they complete PhD studies in Poland;
  • If they pay social security and health service contributions in Poland for 5 years (during the ten years since the completion of studies).   

The programme is intended to encourage its participants to apply their knowledge while working in Poland which would lead to the increase of innovation of the Polish economy.

In the year 2016 an amount of 18.5 million PLN is earmarked for this programme. The target funding to be disbursed by the year 2025 amounts to 336 million PLN.

The programme was suspended in 2016.


Programme for Internationalisation of Polish HEIs

Reform status: under implementation

In February 2015 a conference was held in Warsaw which was devoted to launching of „The Programme of Internationalisation of Higher Education Institutions” . According to the Ministry of Science and Higher Education Poland has a very low proportion of foreign students among its student population, one of the lowest among EU countries. In 2012 in Poland only 1.3% of all students came from abroad.

Internationalisation of Polish HEIS which is at present one of the Ministry’s priorities means both encouraging foreigners to undertake studies in Poland as well as making it possible for Poles to study abroad. It also applies to teaching and research staff mobility - bringing outstanding foreign scholars to Poland and helping Polish staff to undertake mobility. The Ministry’s intention is to coordinate and streamline these initiatives.

Due to the implementation of the internationalisation concept the HEIs will have additional tasks to perform, among others preparation of an attractive programme offer for foreigners. It is worth for HEIs to obtain international accreditations, increase their programme offer in foreign languages, offer PhD programmes of international importance, seek to employ foreign researchers or to enable Polish staff to travel abroad and then to return. Internationalisation of courses could be supported by the MOOC (Massive Open Online Courses) offer.

In terms of supporting internationalisation the Ministry plans to implement the following measures:

  • developing data base with grant opportunities – both for Poles intending to study abroad and for foreigners interested in studying in Poland,
  • preparing publication on the legislation and visa regulations used by consular services,
  • data collection on Polish students mobility and monitor the careers of foreign graduates,
  • supporting transfer of good practice from one HEI to another and promotion of studies in Poland abroad.

The ministry of higher education has called for “Promotion of studies at Polish HEIs among foreigners”’, allocating means for activities aimed at encouraging foreign students to take up studies in Poland. Over 1 million PLN have been granted to 11 Polish HEIs to implement these aims so that until 2020 the total number of foreign students in Poland increases from 36 to 100 thousand.     

A webpage Go Poland was launched for foreigners interested in studying in Poland, as part of “Ready, Study, Go! Poland” campaign.


Baby at University (Maluch na uczelni) programme - joining studies and parenthood

Reform status: under implementation

The governmental programme “Maluch na uczelni” (“Baby at University”), a joint initiative endorsed by the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education enters universities. The programme allows to make studies and parenthood compatible by establishing and supporting baby clubs, daytime child minders and crèches within higher education institutions. Studying parents as well as university employees with very young children can have now the security of knowing their children are safely taken care of while they attend classes. Universities can apply for subsidy both for establishing new places of care and those already existing. Universities can apply for a subsidy both for establishing new places of care and those already existing. To implement the programme, 9.2 million PLN has been allocated to 43 HEIs that will create 1,436 new places for children. The programme will be continued in the coming years.

The programme is accompanied by the information campaign addressing academic communities. It promotes study life balance approach and encourages HEI authorities to create conditions that support parents with babies within their institutions. At the same time, the campaign aims at developing family-friendly attitudes among students in general.

Teacher training colleges phased out

Reform status: under implementation

Starting in 2013/14 the teacher training colleges and foreign language teacher colleges are being phased out. In September 2016 they will cease to exist and teacher training will continue only in higher education institutions.

Data on professional career of graduates

Reform status: implemented

According to the amendment of 18 March 2011 to the Act Law on Higher Education the measures regarding the collection of data on professional career of graduates should be more structured. Detailed information on particular individuals is collected by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. Monitoring results showing the professional career of graduates one, three and five years since the completion of the study programme (only in an aggregated form) will be available at the ministry’s website.

2014

Recognition and validation of learning outcomes and qualifications acquired outside the higher education system

Reform status: under implementation

Among changes included in the amendment to the Law on Higher Education and introduced starting 1 October 2014, there are reforms connected with validation of learning outcomes in HEIs. Higher education institutions will be entitled to recognize knowledge and skills acquired outside the higher education system, e.g. during courses, professional activity or voluntary work, and to validate them as a part of the study programme. This will allow professionals as well as people wishing to change their profession or to continue their education to enter the higher education system.

Additional information in Polish is available on the Ministry’s of Science and Higher Education website.


Nationwide student database

Reform status: under implementation

The nationwide database containing information on all the students has been developed and launched in order to improve administering of HEIs and governance over the whole higher education sector. The student register, operating under the wider POL-on HE-related database, includes data on students of first-cycle, second-cycle and uniform studies regardless of the programme mode (full- or part-time) and an institution type (public, non-public or academies run by church/religious associations).


Competence Development Programme

Reform status: under implementation

Competence Development Programme (CDP) replaced the programme of supported fields of study in the financing perspective 2014-2020. It is aimed at the development of skills important on the labour market, i.e. entrepreneurship skills, occupational competencies as well as analytical and interpersonal skills in order to increase employability of HEIs' graduates. 1.2 billion PLN will be allocated for the programme during the whole financing perspective.

As long as the previous the programme supported fields of study, the CDP supports particular competences within all fields. This turn will affect graduates’ opportunities on the labour market and lower unemployment among young educated people. HEIs, at the same time, will get a chance to improve quality of their educational offer and adapt fresh approach to education. Competence Development Programme not only fosters key competences sought on the labour market, but also promotes innovative teaching methods and workshops, new technologies, modular training and interdisciplinary education.