This page was last modified on 3 February 2017, at 11:16.

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Poland

Contents

Poland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Poland:Historical Development

Poland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Poland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Poland:Political and Economic Situation

Poland:Organisation and Governance

Poland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Poland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Poland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Poland:Organisation of Private Education

Poland:National Qualifications Framework

Poland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Poland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Poland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Poland:Funding in Education

Poland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Poland:Higher Education Funding

Poland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Poland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Primary Education

Poland:Organisation of Primary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Poland:Assessment in Primary Education

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Poland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Higher Education

Poland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Poland:First Cycle Programmes

Poland:Bachelor

Poland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Poland:Second Cycle Programmes

Poland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Poland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Poland:Adult Education and Training

Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Poland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Poland:Main Providers

Poland:Main Types of Provision

Poland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Management and Other Education Staff

Poland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Quality Assurance

Poland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Educational Support and Guidance

Poland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Poland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Poland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Mobility in Higher Education

Poland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:National Reforms in School Education

Poland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Poland:European Perspective

Poland:Legislation

Poland:Institutions

Poland:Glossary

2017

New Toddler plus programme

Reform status: announced in February 2017

The new Toddler plus programme has been announced by the Prime Minister and the Minister of Family, Labour and Social Policy. 151 million PLN was declared to support 12 thousand new places for children in crèches. Further 42 thousand existing care places will be supported by the programme.

2016

The core curriculum for pre-school education amended

Reform status: approved June 2016, to be implemented in the school year 2016/17

The 6-year olds will learn how to read and will be prepared for writing in the final year of pre-school education. The amended core curriculum also includes elements of numeracy.

At the same time it has been decided that the area of "Preparation for foreign language learning" will be compulsory for 6 and 5-year olds. As for younger children this preparation will be offered to them in the school year 2017/18.


New edition of the Toddler programme

Reform status: implemented


The 2016 edition of the Toddler programme has been announced by the Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy. 151 million PLN was earmarked by the Ministry of for public and non-public crèches, kids clubs and day carers. The 2016 edition of the programme covers three modules: first one is directed to establishment and running of new care places (60 mln PLN), the second to the support of the existing places including the non-public ones (80 mln PLN) and the third one is addressed to higher education institutions (11 mln PLN).
At present there are 1.9 thousand crèches, 439 kids clubs and 599 day carers in Poland.


Changes to the age of commencing compulsory education

Reform status: changes implemented in 2015

    Act of 29 December 2015 amending the School Education Act and some other acts, in particular provides for:


a)    compulsory schooling from the age of seven;
b)    parental right to decide whether children start primary school at the age of six;
c)    compulsory one year pre-primary education by six-year olds;
d)    abolishment of compulsory one year pre-primary education by five-year olds;
e)    extending the operation of preschool classes at primary schools until 1 September 2019;
f)    strengthening the role of school superintendents in the development of preschool networks and in planning school networks, including reinstating of the obligation to obtain a positive opinion from a pedagogical supervision body when closing a school or institution managed by a local authority;
   

2015

All 4-year-olds entitled to a place in a kindergarten or another pre-school setting.

Reform status: under implementation

As of September 2015, local governments responsible for running pre-school settings are required to guarantee places of care for all 4-year olds whose parents applied for such places. The legislation has been in place since 13 June 2013 when the School Education Act was amended imposing this obligation on local authorities (gminy). 4-year-olds’ right to places of care is included in a wider reform aimed at fostering ECEC throughout the country, referred to within activities undertaken since 2013 (see below).   


Departmental programme for development of institutions providing ECEC for children aged below 3 - “Toddler” (Additional funds for increasing enrolment of children up to 3 years in early education and care institutions)

Reform status: under implementation

As from 2012 The Ministry of Labour and Social Policy has been implementing programme Toddler, aimed at establishing of new and supporting already existing institutions providing ECEC for children under 3 years. In 2015, the resources amounting to 151 million PLN were activated. In 2015 Programme Toddler consists of 4 modules, one of which is dedicated to establishing and financing ECEC institutions within higher education institutions.

Additional information in Polish is available on the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy’s website.

2014

Compulsory language education in pre-school education

Reform status: initiated, under implementation

Up till 2014, only one third of children attending kindergartens and other pre-school settings participated in language education. In order to change this proportion, the ministry of national education signed up an executive regulation updating the core curriculum for pre-school institutions, adding a new area “Preparation to use modern foreign language”. From September 2014, it is up to the headmasters whether their institutions provide free language lessons compliant to the core curriculum. Compulsory language lessons will be introduced in September 2015 for all 5-years-old children and two years later for all the children attending pres-school settings.

Additional information in Polish is available on the Ministry of National Education’s website.


Recruitment to pre-schools and schools

Reform status: implemented

According to the amendment to the School Education Act of 6 December 2013 which came into force on the 18 January 2014 children living in a catchment area of the given commune (gmina) have a priority in admission procedure. If the number of candidates exceeds the number of available places a recruitment procedure is implemented. In the procedure the following types of candidates have a priority in admission: disabled children, those with disabled parents or siblings, those from big families (minimum 3 children), children in foster care or cared for by single parents.

If there are any places left children are admitted according to the additional (maximum 6) criteria set by the local government (gmina) – one of those being the employment status of the parent/parents - priority is given to children whose parents are in employment. Family income can be one of the selected criteria too. The commune (gmina)defines which documents should be produced in order to prove meeting of the required criteria.

As for public primary and lower secondary schools – the existing legislation is still in force and all children living in the local catchment area are admitted. If the school still has free places left children from outside the catchment can be admitted according to a separate recruitment procedure.

Additional information in Polish is available on the Ministry of National Education’s website.