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Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Poland

Contents

Poland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Poland:Historical Development

Poland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Poland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Poland:Political and Economic Situation

Poland:Organisation and Governance

Poland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Poland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Poland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Poland:Organisation of Private Education

Poland:National Qualifications Framework

Poland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Poland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Poland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Poland:Funding in Education

Poland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Poland:Higher Education Funding

Poland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Poland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Primary Education

Poland:Organisation of Primary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Poland:Assessment in Primary Education

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Poland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Higher Education

Poland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Poland:First Cycle Programmes

Poland:Bachelor

Poland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Poland:Second Cycle Programmes

Poland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Poland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Poland:Adult Education and Training

Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Poland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Poland:Main Providers

Poland:Main Types of Provision

Poland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Management and Other Education Staff

Poland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Quality Assurance

Poland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Educational Support and Guidance

Poland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Poland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Poland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Mobility in Higher Education

Poland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:National Reforms in School Education

Poland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Poland:European Perspective

Poland:Legislation

Poland:Institutions

Poland:Glossary

Pupil and student mobility

EU programmes

In the past, pupils and students were offered mobility opportunities within the framework of Comenius, a component of the Socrates Programme (Stage I: 1995-1999; Stage II: 2000-2006), and Leonardo da Vinci, which Poland joined in 1998, and the Lifelong Learning Programme (2007-2013). Currently, mobility takes place in the Actions of the Erasmus+ Programme (2014-2020) for the school education and vocational education sectors and for youth.

In Strategic Partnership projects within Erasmus+ Action 2, pupils / students of all types of schools may participate in short- and long-term mobility. Short-term pupil / student exchanges, lasting 5 days to 2 months, are directly linked with the objectives of a given project; they are aimed at developing team work, intercultural, project planning and implementation and ICT skills and boosting motivation for foreign language learning. As part of long-term mobility stays, of 2 to 12 months’ duration, students attend classes in a school abroad which is a project partner. The programme of activities / classes and the rules for recognition of a study period abroad are agreed before departure between the sending and receiving schools.

http://erasmusplus.org.pl/edukacja-szkolna

https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/erasmus-plus_en

Within Erasmus+ Action 1, Learning Mobility of Individuals, vocational and technical school students may also undertake practical placements / internships in enterprises, NGOs or vocational education or training organisations abroad. This type of mobility, for a period of 2 weeks to 12 months, is intended to facilitate entry into the labour market for future school graduates.

http://erasmusplus.org.pl/ksztalcenie-i-szkolenia-zawodowe/

https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/erasmus-plus_en

Moreover, young people participate in youth exchanges and European voluntary service as part of mobility projects for youth and youth workers in Action 1 of the Erasmus+ Programme. In youth exchange projects, groups of young people aged 13 to 30 years stay together and carry out an activity programme agreed beforehand (e.g. workshops, debates, exercises, simulations, outdoor activities, etc.) during a period of 5 to 21 days. In European voluntary service projects, young people aged 17 to 30 years work, individually or in a group, on a full-time and non-paid basis, as volunteers in another country for a period between 2 weeks and 12 months.

http://erasmusplus.org.pl/mlodziez/

https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/erasmus-plus_en


Programmes / initiatives financed from other EU funding sources

Knowledge Education Development Operational Programme (Program Operacyjny Wiedza Edukacja Rozwój, PO WER) 2014-2020

As part of the PO WER programme, financed by the European Social Fund, the Foundation for the Development of the Education System, which is directly responsible for the implementation of the Erasmus+ Programme, provides funding to mobility projects involving vocational school students and graduates and vocational education and training staff. Grants are awarded to projects submitted under Erasmus+ Action 1, Learning Mobility, which have successfully passed the assessment process but have not been approved due to a lack of Erasmus+ funding (a reserve list).

http://www.power.frse.org.pl/kształcenie-zawodowe


Bilateral programmes / initiatives

Bilateral programmes / initiatives support various forms of youth cooperation and exchanges.

Polish-Lithuanian Youth Exchange Fund

The Polish-Lithuanian Youth Exchange Fund, managed by the Foundation for the Development of the Education System, awards grants for projects supporting cooperation between Polish and Lithuanian youth to establish friendly cooperation between the two nations. The Fund was created in 2007, based on an agreement between the Polish and Lithuanian Governments, under the honorary patronage of the Prime Ministers of the two countries; funding comes from the budgets of both countries. The Fund provides financial (calls for applications) and content-related support (a training system, consultations) for the implementation of ideas proposed by young people (aged 13 to 30 years). It supports youth exchanges (4 to 7 days, excluding travel days), and seminars and training activities, involving youth, leaders and tutors, which introduce participants to the topic of non-formal and intercultural education and train them on how to manage a youth project. Through the implementation of joint projects young Poles and Lithuanians discover their common roots and overcome national stereotypes, build an atmosphere of cooperation and strengthen the bond between the two nations.


Polish-German Youth Cooperation (Jugendwerk)

The Polish-German Youth Cooperation (Deutsch-Polnisches Jugendwerk) organisation has been involved in youth exchange for 25 years. It aims primarily to initiate and facilitate new links between Polish and German youth and to support and strengthen existing cooperation. The organisation receives funding from the budgets of the two countries. Funds are used to support various exchange and cooperation initiatives and programmes involving young people from Poland and Germany, and to carry out the organisation's own promotion and training programmes. Since its establishment, the organisation has provided funding for initiatives involving nearly 2.7 million young people.


National programmes / initiatives

As mentioned above, each year since 2003, the Ministry of National Education has allocated funding for international youth cooperation and exchanges; for several years now, grants have been awarded on a competitive basis. For example, in 2016, an amount of 685,000 PLN (ca 155,000 euro according to the exchange rate of the National Bank of Poland in May 2016) is allocated for international youth exchanges with Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Israel. Projects are aimed at strengthening dialogue and mutual learning about culture and history, developing attitudes of tolerance, openness and responsibility, and overcoming language barriers. Each project includes at least one reciprocal exchange (at least one visit to Poland and to the partner country). Priority is given to projects which provide the basis for further cooperation, engage pupils with special needs and involve participants in voluntary activities. Information about Call for Proposals is published on the Ministry’s website, and in the Public Information Bulletin

Teacher mobility

Currently, school education staff mobility takes place primarily within the Erasmus+ Programme and, to a much lesser extent, is also supported by other EU funds. There are no national mobility programmes or projects.

EU programmes

Within the Erasmus+ Programme, teachers and other staff in all types of schools participate in Learning Mobility projects for school education staff in Action 1 and Strategic Partnership projects in Action 2. Vocational and technical school teachers may also take part in the above-mentioned projects supporting mobility of vocational education and training pupils / students and staff in Action 1. School education staff mobility projects are aimed at both enhancing professional competence of staff and improving the performance of schools through the use of knowledge and skills acquired by staff participating in mobility. This type of projects provide support for mobility periods between 2 days and 2 months where teachers undertake a teaching assignment abroad or take part in various forms of training or staff development (courses and job shadowing). Aside from project meetings, Strategic Partnership projects support both short-term (5 days to 2 months) training programmes (e.g. study visits, training courses or workshops related to project objectives) and long-term mobility (2 to 12 months) for developing knowledge and improving professional competence. Mobility projects for the vocational education and training sector include teaching or training assignments in vocational or technical schools abroad, and staff training (courses, job shadowing and practical placements) abroad for a period of 2 days to 2 months. http://erasmusplus.org.pl/edukacja-szkolna/

http://erasmusplus.org.pl/ksztalcenie-i-szkolenia-zawodowe/

Projects financed from other EU funding sources

Between 2012 and 2014 school education staff mobility was additionally supported through the project “Mobility of school education staff in the framework of individual projects”, carried out by the Foundation for the Development of the Education System and financed by the European Social Fund (Human Capital Operational Programme). Grants were awarded for mobility projects on the reserve list of the School Education Staff Mobility Action in the EU Lifelong Learning Programme (mobility periods funded according to the same rules). Currently, projects involving practical placements undertaken by vocational school students and graduates and mobility of vocational education and training staff are supported in the same way; see the Knowledge Education Development (PO WER) Operational Programme above.