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Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

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Overview Poland

Contents

Poland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Poland:Historical Development

Poland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Poland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Poland:Political and Economic Situation

Poland:Organisation and Governance

Poland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Poland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Poland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Poland:Organisation of Private Education

Poland:National Qualifications Framework

Poland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Poland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Poland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Poland:Funding in Education

Poland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Poland:Higher Education Funding

Poland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Poland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Primary Education

Poland:Organisation of Primary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Poland:Assessment in Primary Education

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Poland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Higher Education

Poland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Poland:First Cycle Programmes

Poland:Bachelor

Poland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Poland:Second Cycle Programmes

Poland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Poland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Poland:Adult Education and Training

Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Poland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Poland:Main Providers

Poland:Main Types of Provision

Poland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Management and Other Education Staff

Poland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Quality Assurance

Poland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Educational Support and Guidance

Poland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Poland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Poland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Mobility in Higher Education

Poland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:National Reforms in School Education

Poland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Poland:European Perspective

Poland:Legislation

Poland:Institutions

Poland:Glossary

The management system in higher education institutions (HEIs) is regulated by the Act of 27 July 2005, The Law on Higher Education (as subsequently amended). The key role in the management of an HEI is played by its collective bodies and single-person authorities (for information on HEI management, see: Section 2.7. - Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level). Single-person authorities of public and non-public HEIs include the rector (rektor) and heads of basic organisational units (deans (dziekan) where faculties are basic organisational units. Non-public HEIs may establish another single-person authority in addition to the rector. Management functions in public HEIs are also performed by vice-rectors (prorektor) and deputy heads of basic organisational units (vice-deans (prodziekan) in faculties). Moreover, the head of finance and administration (kanclerz) and the bursar (kwestor) are the key management positions in the administrative services of a public HEI. Arrangements for the management of administrative services in non-public HEIs are laid down in their statutes and organisational regulations.

The responsibilities and powers as well as the qualification requirements and general rules for the appointment of the rector (rektor) are discussed below, in the section entitled “Requirements for appointment as a higher education institution leader”.

Pursuant to the 2011 amendment to the Law on Higher Education (LoHE), vice-rectors (prorektor) in public HEIs are appointed through election or competition (previously, through competition only). The procedure for the appointment of vice-rectors, their number and detailed qualification requirements are laid down in the statutes of an HEI. Election and competition procedures are also established in the statutes, but HEIs are required to respect certain rules for elections laid down in the LoHE, which concern, among other things, the composition of the electoral body (incl. at least 20% of members representing students and doctoral students). The only general statutory requirement for the position of vice-rector is that candidates should be employed in a given HEI as the place of their primary employment. Moreover, a candidate for the vice-rector for student affairs should be approved by the majority of representatives of students and doctoral students in the electoral body or the body which takes decisions in the competition procedure. Vice-rectors, like the other HEI authorities, are appointed for a 4-year term and may perform this function only for two successive terms. The scope of vice-rectors’ responsibilities and powers is defined by the rector. A vice-rector who has been elected may be dismissed by the electoral body, by an absolute majority of votes, with at least two-thirds of its statutory membership present. A vice-rector appointed through competition may be dismissed by the senate, by a qualified majority of two-thirds of its statutory membership. A motion to dismiss a vice-rector may be put forward by the rector. A written motion to dismiss the vice-rector for student affairs may also be submitted by at least three quarters of representatives of students and doctoral students in the senate.

Single-person authorities and their deputies, including vice-rectors (where applicable), in non-public HEIs are appointed and dismissed by the founder of a given HEI or other body specified in its statutes, after consultation with the senate of the HEI. The founder is required to convene a session of the senate in order to consult it about the appointment and dismissal of single-person authorities and their deputies.

Like vice-rectors, heads of basic organisational units (kierownik podstawowej jednostki organizacyjnej) and their deputies in public HEIs are appointed through election or competition for a 4-year term and may perform their function only for two successive terms. The appointment procedure, qualification requirements for heads and their deputies, and the number of deputies are laid down in the senate of an HEI. Election and competition procedures are laid down in the statutes, but HEIs are required to respect certain rules for elections laid down in the LoHE, which concern, among other things, the composition of the electoral body (incl. at least 20% of members representing students and doctoral students). The only general statutory requirement for heads of basic organisational units and their deputies is that they should be employed in a given HEI as the place of their primary employment. In addition, deputies (vice-deans) for student affairs should be approved by the student or doctoral student self-government body. The powers of the head of a basic organisational unit are defined in the statutes of an HEI. However, pursuant to the LoHE, they are responsible, in particular, for designing a development strategy for their unit which is in line with the overall development strategy of the HEI. An appeal against the head’s decision can be lodged with the rector who may repeal any decision of the head of a basic organisational unit which is in breach of the LoHE or internal regulations of the HEI, or which jeopardises vital interests of the HEI.

Arrangements concerning heads of basic organisational units in non-public HEIs are the same as for vice-rectors (see above).

The head of finance and administration (kanclerz) in a public HEI manages its administration services and business matters within his/her remit as determined by the statutes of the HEI and its rector. The head of finance and administration is employed by the rector after consultation with the senate of the HEI and is accountable to the rector. The bursar (kwestor) of a public HEI holds the function of the chief accountant and is the deputy of the head of finance and administration. The duties and powers of the bursar as the chief accountant are specified in separate legislation. The bursar of a public HEI is appointed and dismissed by the rector at the request of the head of finance and administration. Both the head of finance and administration and the bursar participate in sessions of the HEI senate in an advisory capacity.

Requirements for appointment as a higher education institution leader

In accordance with the Law on Higher Education (LoHE), the rector of a public or non-public HEI manages the institution, represents it in the external relations and is the superior of its staff, students and doctoral students. The rector also develops and implements a strategy for the development of the HEI adopted by a collective body of the HEI specified in its statutes. The rector of a public HEI takes decisions in all matters relating to the institution, except those reserved in the legislation for other governing bodies of the institution or persons holding management functions. In particular, the rector:

  1. takes decisions concerning the assets and business matters of the HEI up to a value limit specified in the LoHE;
  2. supervises the activities of the HEI in the area of teaching and research;
  3. supervises the implementation of, and improvements in, the institutional quality assurance system;
  4. supervises the administration of the HEI and the management of its business matters;
  5. ensures compliance with the law and security on the premises of the HEI;
  6. defines the scope of responsibilities of vice-rectors.

The rector of an HEI is also the president of its senate. The rector of an public HEI has the right to suspend a resolution of the HEI senate which is in contravention of LoHE or the statutes of the HEI or which jeopardises its vital interests.

As in a public HEI, the rector of a non-public HEI supervises teaching and research activities of the HEI and ensures compliance with the law and security in the HEI, and is also responsible for other matters specified in the statutes of the HEI. However, the responsibilities and decision-making powers concerning assets of the HEI and the supervision over its administration and business matters, which fall within the remit of the rector in a public HEI, may be delegated to other single-person authority in a non-public HEI (where this is provided for in its statutes).

The Minister of Science and Higher Education may render invalid any decision of the rector (except administrative decisions) which is in contravention of the law or the statutes of an HEI. The rector may appeal against the Minister's decision to the competent administrative court.

General qualification requirements for the rector are laid down in the LoHE. They cover only academic requirements and those related to employment, while not referring to formal qualifications or experience in the area of management. The position of rector may be taken by a person who holds at least a doctoral degree (a post-doctoral degree or professorial title before the 2011 amendment to the LoHE) and is employed in a given HEI as the place of his/her primary employment. Detailed qualification requirements are defined in the statutes of an HEI.

The rector of a public HEI is appointed through election or competition (only through election before the 2011 amendment to the LoHE). Like for vice-rectors, the procedure for the appointment of the rector and detailed election and competition procedures are laid down in the statutes of an HEI, but the elections procedure should respect certain rules laid down in the LoHE, which concern, among other things, the composition of the electoral body. Like the other authorities of a public HEI, the rector of a public HEI is appointed for a 4-year term and may perform this function only for two successive terms. The rector who has been elected may be dismissed by the electoral body, by at least a three-fourth majority of votes, with at least two-thirds of its statutory membership present. The rector appointed through competition may be dismissed by the senate, by a qualified two-third majority of its statutory membership. A motion to dismiss the rector may be put forward by at least half of its statutory membership.

The rector of a non-public HEI is appointed and dismissed by the founder of a given HEI or the body specified in its statutes, after consultation with the senate of the HEI. The founder is required to convene a session of the senate in order to consult it about the appointment and dismissal of the rector. Detailed procedures are laid down in the statutes of an HEI.

Moreover, where the activities of the rector of a public or non-public HEI are found to be a major violation of the law or the statutes of the HEI concerned, the Minister of Science and Higher Education may submit to the senate of the HEI a motion to dismiss the rector and suspend the rector until the motion has been considered. The senate gives its opinion and forwards the motion to the body of the HEI which is authorised to dismiss the rector (or the founder of a non-public HEI, if authorised to do so). In the case of gross violations of the law, the Minister may dismiss the rector after consultation with the General Council of Science and Higher Education (an elected representative body of higher education) and the Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland (representing university-type HEIs) or the Conference of Rectors of Vocational Schools in Poland (representing non-university-type HEIs), and may set the date for the appointment of a new rector.