This page was last modified on 3 February 2017, at 13:42.

Poland:Funding in Education

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Poland

Contents

Poland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Poland:Historical Development

Poland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Poland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Poland:Political and Economic Situation

Poland:Organisation and Governance

Poland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Poland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Poland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Poland:Organisation of Private Education

Poland:National Qualifications Framework

Poland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Poland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Poland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Poland:Funding in Education

Poland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Poland:Higher Education Funding

Poland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Poland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Primary Education

Poland:Organisation of Primary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Poland:Assessment in Primary Education

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Poland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Higher Education

Poland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Poland:First Cycle Programmes

Poland:Bachelor

Poland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Poland:Second Cycle Programmes

Poland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Poland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Poland:Adult Education and Training

Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Poland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Poland:Main Providers

Poland:Main Types of Provision

Poland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Management and Other Education Staff

Poland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Quality Assurance

Poland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Educational Support and Guidance

Poland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Poland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Poland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Mobility in Higher Education

Poland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:National Reforms in School Education

Poland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Poland:European Perspective

Poland:Legislation

Poland:Institutions

Poland:Glossary

Introduction

Education in Poland is funded primarily from public sources. It is estimated that public funds represent approximately 92% of funding in school education and approximately 80% in higher education. Its share in early childhood and school education is smaller and represents around 77% (OECD, 2016). Comparable data for adult education is not available.

The main sources of public funding for education in Poland include:

  • the school education part of the general subsidy from the State budget provided to local government units;
  • subsidies for specific purposes (targeted State-budget grants) provided to local government units (e.g. for pre-school education; purchase of textbooks and educational resources; maintenance grants as part of financial support; care for children aged up to 3 years as part of the Toddler Programme);
  • subsidies for specific purposes and institutions (targeted State-budget grants) allocated to higher education institutions (e.g. for tasks related to the training of students; non-reimbursable financial support; co-funding or funding for investment projects; tasks related to providing conditions for full participation in the educational process);
  • local government units’ own resources (e.g. from charges, taxes);
  • EU funds;
  • other public funds (e.g. the Social Insurance Institution, the Labour Fund, budgets of central government agencies allocated for the training of specific occupational groups).

Public funding is allocated not only to public educational institutions. Subsidies are also granted to non-public institutions providing care to children, nursery schools, schools and higher education institutions where these have fulfilled requirements laid down in national legislation.

The share of public funding shows areas where the non-public sector plays an important role but also reflects varying levels of fees for services offered by public educational institutions. Fees are important, in particular, in the case of public institutions providing care to children aged up to 3 years, nursery schools and higher education institutions.

Families of pupils, learners and students may, however, benefit from various types of support offered as part of the family support system (family allowances and supplementary allowances), the tax system (a so-called family tax benefit), the healthcare system (free healthcare), as well as by schools themselves (e.g. free transport). A child-raising allowance, amounting to 500 PLN (ca 116 euro) has also been granted since 2016. Furthermore, support is available as part of special government programmes: ‘School Kit’ (Wyprawka szkolna) and ‘State-funded meals’ (Pomoc państwa w zakresie dożywiania). A system of benefits for families with many children (a so-called Large Family Card) has been in place since 2014. Families of disabled pupils are entitled to receive support in various additional forms.

Support is also provided to pupils and students. Pupils in the school system are eligible to receive maintenance and incentive grants as part of the financial support system. Students in all types of higher education institutions may apply for State-budget financial support in the form of a maintenance grant, a special grant for disabled persons, a grant for best students awarded by the Rector of a given institution, a grant for outstanding achievements awarded by the Minister, and an aid payment. Additionally, students may be granted financial support in the form of student loans and credits. Depending on the types of training and provided that they fulfil certain additional requirements, adult learners may receive financial support such as a maintenance- or incentive-type grant during a period of learning within the school education system, a grant financed from the Labour Fund during a period of training as the unemployed or a training leave if they attend school or participate in further training as employees at the request of their employer.