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Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

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Overview Poland

Contents

Poland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Poland:Historical Development

Poland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Poland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Poland:Political and Economic Situation

Poland:Organisation and Governance

Poland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Poland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Poland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Poland:Organisation of Private Education

Poland:National Qualifications Framework

Poland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Poland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Poland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Poland:Funding in Education

Poland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Poland:Higher Education Funding

Poland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Poland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Poland:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:Primary Education

Poland:Organisation of Primary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Poland:Assessment in Primary Education

Poland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Poland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Poland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Poland:Higher Education

Poland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Poland:First Cycle Programmes

Poland:Bachelor

Poland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Poland:Second Cycle Programmes

Poland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Poland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Poland:Adult Education and Training

Poland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Poland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Poland:Main Providers

Poland:Main Types of Provision

Poland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Poland:Teachers and Education Staff

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Poland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Management and Other Education Staff

Poland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Poland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Poland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Quality Assurance

Poland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Poland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Educational Support and Guidance

Poland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Poland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Poland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Poland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Poland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Mobility in Higher Education

Poland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Poland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Poland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Poland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Poland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Poland:National Reforms in School Education

Poland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Poland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Poland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Poland:European Perspective

Poland:Legislation

Poland:Institutions

Poland:Glossary

Adult education and training in Poland is a shared responsibility of different ministries, but some of them play a more important role in this area than others, such as ministries of education, labour, and science and higher education. Other ministries are involved mainly where learning outcomes are achieved through non-formal education (e.g.  the ministry responsible for economic development through support for the development of entrepreneurial attitudes). They also contribute to the implementation of the lifelong learning policy, including AET.

The distribution of administrative responsibilities in the area of continuing education (as a reference point in the Polish school education legislation) and a common activity framework in the area of lifelong learning, including AET, are presented in Tables 1 and 2.

Table 1. Distribution of administrative responsibilities in the area of continuing education


Administration level Distribution of administrative responsibilities in AET
Central authorities Ministry of Education

Coordinates activities in the area of continuing education at the central level. Within its structure, the Department of Vocational and Continuing Education is responsible for matters pertaining to: organization and operation of public and non-public schools for adults; adoption of outline timetables for schools providing education to adults; assessment and promotion of learners in schools for adults; conditions and arrangements for adults acquiring general knowledge; validation, recognition and certification of qualifications acquired outside the school system, including vocational qualification courses in non-school settings; rules for the implementation and coordination of arrangements for distance adult learning; collaboration with central and local government agencies and social partners in defining directions for the development of adult education; collaboration with European institutions with regard to the development of vocational and continuing education as part of the school education system; validation and certification of qualifications acquired outside the school system, vocational training courses provided by accredited institutions in schools for adults; and procedures for vocational, apprentice and master craftsman exams.

Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Work

This is the closest partner of the Ministry of Education in the field of continuing education for adults, especially the unemployed and some categories of job seekers . Within its structure, the Department of the Labour Market is responsible, under the ministry’s internal regulations, for continuing education, including cooperation with the minister responsible for school education in determining objectives and directions of development for vocational education and training, and in designing systemic arrangements to support the acquisition of competences by the unemployed, and the tasks related to the design and implementation of the Integrated Qualifications System.

Ministry of Science and Higher Education

No definition of continuing education is provided in the Law on Higher Education, but considering the so-called third mission of higher education, this type of education is offered by open universities (run by some HEIs), third age universities (run buy HEIs, but formally outside the higher education system) or expert services commissioned on an individual basis, incl. training courses for various clients. Non-school settings also include popular (community) universities (see: the chapter on higher education). The Department of Higher Education in the ministry grants authorizations to HEIs to provide non-degree postgraduate programmes and regulates matters related to these and other training programmes and courses.

Regional (province) authorities Regional authorities are responsible for establishing and administering public teacher in-service training centres, educational resources centres / libraries, and regional and supra-regional schools and institutions.

Moreover, they appoint heads of regional education authorities, REA - kurator oświaty) who exercise pedagogical supervision over schools and other educational institutions and non-school education settings.

Regional authorities also keep the Register of Training Institutions.

District authorities District authorities are responsible for establishing, administering and financing public upper secondary schools, continuing education centres, practical training centres, and further and in-service training centres.
Municipal (commune) authorities Communes are responsible for establishing, administering and financing public primary and lower secondary schools.

Source: Author’s own elaboration.


Table 2. Common activity framework for lifelong learning in development strategies of different ministries


  Development strategy/ministry in charge Areas of lifelong learning (education and training) and its outcomes
1 Strategy for the Innovativeness and Effectiveness of the Economy/ Ministry of Economic Development Development of human capital in the economy – development of qualification through mechanisms of life-long learning
2 Human capital development strategy/ Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy Improving the quality of human capital and the adaptability of labour resources; assessing and recognising learning outcomes in the national qualifications framework
3 Social capital development strategy/ Ministry of Culture and National Heritage Using life-long learning mechanisms to shape civic attitudes ;promoting societal engagement, cultural and media education
4 National regional development strategy/ Ministry of Infrastructure and Construction Human capital development in regions – investing in the entire area of long-life learning
5 Strategy for the development of the national security system 2012-2022/ Ministry of National Defence Research infrastructure, research potential, and integration of socio-economic development and national security
6 Strategy for sustainable development of rural areas, agriculture and fishery/ Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Improving accessibility and quality of education; increasing professional mobility, and improving access to higher education
7 and further Transportation development strategy/ Ministry of Infrastructure and Construction

Energy safety and environment/ Ministry of Economic Development

Efficient state/ Ministry of Interior and Administration; Ministry of Digitization

Establishing and developing a pool of professional staff in the transport and energy sectors, environmental protection and natural resources management; improving the quality of central and local government staff

Source: Based on the Lifelong Learning Perspective (Warsaw, 2011).

The names of the ministries changed in 2016. The strategies listed above are still valid.