This page was last modified on 29 November 2011, at 18:42.

Netherlands:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Netherlands

Contents

Netherlands:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Netherlands:Historical Development

Netherlands:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Netherlands:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Netherlands:Political and Economic Situation

Netherlands:Organisation and Governance

Netherlands:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Netherlands:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Netherlands:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Netherlands:Organisation of Private Education

Netherlands:National Qualifications Framework

Netherlands:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Netherlands:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Netherlands:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Netherlands:Funding in Education

Netherlands:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Netherlands:Higher Education Funding

Netherlands:Adult Education and Training Funding

Netherlands:Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Primary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of Primary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in Primary Education

Netherlands:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Netherlands:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Netherlands:Higher Education

Netherlands:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Netherlands:First Cycle Programmes

Netherlands:Bachelor

Netherlands:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Netherlands:Second Cycle Programmes

Netherlands:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Netherlands:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Netherlands:Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Distribution of Responsibilities

Netherlands:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Netherlands:Main Providers

Netherlands:Main Types of Provision

Netherlands:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Netherlands:Teachers and Education Staff

Netherlands:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Management and Other Education Staff

Netherlands:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Netherlands:Management Staff for Higher Education

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Quality Assurance

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Educational Support and Guidance

Netherlands:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Netherlands:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Netherlands:Mobility and Internationalisation

Netherlands:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Mobility in Higher Education

Netherlands:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Netherlands:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Netherlands:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:National Reforms in School Education

Netherlands:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Netherlands:National Reforms in Higher Education

Netherlands:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Netherlands:European Perspective

Netherlands:Legislation

Netherlands:Institutions

Netherlands:Bibliography

Netherlands:Glossary

Secondary education

Secondary education follows on from ordinary and special primary education. It does not include special schools for disabled children (which fall under the Expertise Centres Act, adult and vocational education or higher education. There are four kinds of secondary education:
- practical training;
- pre-vocational secondary education (VMBO) which takes four years;
- senior general secondary education (HAVO) which takes five years;
- and pre-university education (VWO) which takes six years.


General aims and aims of the lower and upper years

The following general aim has been formulated for secondary education: to ensure that pupils can develop their talents as well as possible as part of a continuous learning trajectory and go on to appropriate follow-up education. Secondary education prepares young people for full participation in society and employment appropriate to their knowledge and skills. The aims of the lower years of secondary school have been set down in 58 general attainment targets. They apply to all pupils. There are also a number of supplementary targets for modern languages which apply to the majority of pupils. School policy determines how the attainment targets are fleshed out at every level and for each method of learning.


Cooperation between secondary education and adult and vocational education

The Secondary Education and Adult and Vocational Education (Cooperation) Decree allows secondary schools to place certain pupils with other educational institutions. The aim is to provide these pupils with a tailored programme in order to prevent them from dropping out without a basic qualification. By enabling educational institutions to use each other’s facilities, the scheme also makes for greater efficiency. The Decree defines a framework for cooperation between secondary schools, and between secondary schools and BVE institutions. Schools themselves are free to decide the form and scope of their cooperation within this basic framework. The Decree allows for five possible arrangements, each for a specific type of pupil:
● Route 1: a secondary school pupil is placed with another secondary school;
● Route 2: a secondary school pupil is placed with a BVE institution;
● Route 3: pupil funding is partially transferred in the case of a mid-year transfer;
● Route 4: a secondary school pupil is placed with an institution for adult general secondary education (VAVO);
● Route 5: a secondary school pupil is placed with a VAVO institution in order to study for final exam subjects.


The structure of adult and vocational education (BVE) in regional training centres (ROCS)
                                                                                Beroepsonderwijs en volwasseneneducatie (BVE)
                                         MBO
                   Adult education
Vocational training pathway 
Block or day release
                   Educational self-reliance level 3-4
                                        Training to assistant level
                   Social self-reliance level 1-4
                                        Basic vocational training
                  Professional self-reliance level 1-4
                                        Professional training (level 3)   
                  Professional qualified self-reliance 
                  level   1-4
                                       Middle-management/specialist (4) 
                                       training (level 3)
                  Adult general secondary 
                  (VMBO/theoretical, HAVO, VWO)
 
 
Targets in mbo
Secondary vocational education (MBO) provides both theoretical instruction and practical training in preparation for the practice of a wide range of occupations for which a vocational qualification is necessary or useful. Its main target group is young people from the age of 16. There are three sectors: business, engineering and technology, and personal and social services and health care. Secondary vocational education (MBO) is provided at four qualification levels.



Vocational education

Following an amendment to the Decree, 16 to 17-year-old VMBO pupils with a VMBO certificate for the combined or theoretical learning pathways can be placed with an institution for full-time VAVO, the fourth option listed above, so that they can obtain a HAVO certificate.


BVE stands for adult and vocational education. Before 1996 secondary vocational education (MBO) comprised two strands – the apprenticeship system and institution-based vocational training. The apprenticeship system combined learning at school with work. With the introduction of the Adult and Vocational Education Act (WEB) in 1996, these two strands were drawn together in a single educational institution: the regional training centre (ROC). The Netherlands has over 40 ROCs. There are also 13 specialist institutions that supply training courses for a single occupational field within one sector. There are also 13 agricultural training centres (AOCs), which provide courses for the agricultural sector.