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Netherlands:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

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Overview Netherlands

Contents

Netherlands:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Netherlands:Historical Development

Netherlands:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Netherlands:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Netherlands:Political and Economic Situation

Netherlands:Organisation and Governance

Netherlands:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Netherlands:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Netherlands:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Netherlands:Organisation of Private Education

Netherlands:National Qualifications Framework

Netherlands:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Netherlands:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Netherlands:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Netherlands:Funding in Education

Netherlands:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Netherlands:Higher Education Funding

Netherlands:Adult Education and Training Funding

Netherlands:Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Primary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of Primary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in Primary Education

Netherlands:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Netherlands:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Netherlands:Higher Education

Netherlands:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Netherlands:First Cycle Programmes

Netherlands:Bachelor

Netherlands:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Netherlands:Second Cycle Programmes

Netherlands:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Netherlands:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Netherlands:Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Distribution of Responsibilities

Netherlands:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Netherlands:Main Providers

Netherlands:Main Types of Provision

Netherlands:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Netherlands:Teachers and Education Staff

Netherlands:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Management and Other Education Staff

Netherlands:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Netherlands:Management Staff for Higher Education

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Quality Assurance

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Educational Support and Guidance

Netherlands:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Netherlands:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Netherlands:Mobility and Internationalisation

Netherlands:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Mobility in Higher Education

Netherlands:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Netherlands:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Netherlands:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:National Reforms in School Education

Netherlands:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Netherlands:National Reforms in Higher Education

Netherlands:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Netherlands:European Perspective

Netherlands:Legislation

Netherlands:Institutions

Netherlands:Bibliography

Netherlands:Glossary

Bilateral agreements

Worldwide partnership programmes

The European Platform for Internationalisation in Education, CINOP and Nuffic are intermediary organisations serving as a link between educational institutions, central government and international organisations in the field of internationalisation, international cooperation and capacity building. Their main functions are:

  • to provide national and international information and documentation and promote education;
  • to implement national, bilateral and international programmes;
  • to advise central government on policy implementation;
  • to advise institutions, using their expertise in the fields of internationalisation, international cooperation and capacity building. Nuffic focuses on eight themes: Europe, recognition, mobility, international cooperation, internationalisation strategies, international education markets, scholarship and grant programmes and the labour market;
  • to represent government on the management committees of international programmes;
  • to support educational institutions with project applications and fund raising.

Bilateral cooperation tends to be channelled through Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs), in which the signatory countries lay down how cooperation will be organised and what common objectives they aim to achieve.

In the Netherlands’ 15 development cooperation partner countries, there are bilateral programmes focusing on food security, security, water, and sexual and reproductive health and rights.

Cooperation and participation in worldwide programmes and organisations

Multilateral partnership programmes

Dutch Language Union
In the Dutch Language Union, the Netherlands, Flanders and Suriname work together on Dutch language issues. The Language Union promotes Dutch language education, literature and reading.

The Dutch Language Union’s tasks are as follows:

  • laying down the spelling of words for the government and the education sector. These official spellings are listed in a set of guidelines and in the Dutch Language Word List;
  • encouraging the three countries to work together to produce dictionaries and grammar books, for example;
  • giving advice on language on the website taaladvies.net and answering emails with questions about language;
  • carrying out studies into reading habits and the role books play in present-day society;
  • providing information and documentation on Dutch literature.

Programmes implemented by the Netherlands in developing countries
In implementing development policy in the field of education, the Dutch government works with various partners, including the business community, civil society organisations, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and knowledge institutions.

There are various programmes and funds for cooperation with civil society organisations and NGOs, including the Cofinancing Programme (MFS). Under the Cofinancing System II (MFS II) 67 Dutch development organisations, including Cordaid, Hivos, ICCO and Oxfam Novib, receive grants from the government. These organisations work through MFS II with 4,000 partner organisations in developing countries. In their turn, these partner organisations are in contact with 30,000 to 100,000 local initiatives, so that ultimately around 65 million people can be reached through MFS II.

Development organisations have forged a total of 20 alliances working largely together on themes ranging from education and health care to democratisation, good governance and human rights.

Education is important. High-quality higher and vocational education helps countries to build up a skilled and professional workforce. Through the Netherlands Initiative for Capacity Development in Higher Education (NICHE) programme the Netherlands is working to strengthen higher and vocational education in developing countries, which often face shortages of the kind of skilled workers needed by companies and organisations to function properly. The Netherlands Fellowship Programmes (NFP) likewise aim to raise levels of training in developing countries.  

NICHE
The NICHE programme is funded by the Dutch government and implemented by Nuffic. The programme aims to strengthen training capacity in developing countries in a sustainable way. High-quality higher and vocational education helps countries to build up a skilled and professional workforce. NICHE makes use of the knowledge and expertise of Dutch universities and HBO institutions.

Various organisations In the partner countries, such as higher education institutions, ministries, national committees and NGOs, may receive support. NICHE is demand-driven and focuses on ownership. Partner countries themselves indicate where support is needed. In the long run, they will be able to provide their own training and manpower.

NICHE focuses on strengthening educational institutions in the Netherlands’ 15 development cooperation partner countries. These are institutions for higher and vocational education, not primary education. NICHE projects may:

  • train staff from partner countries;
  • develop new syllabuses;
  • introduce vocationally-oriented training;
  • organise exchanges of staff with colleagues from the Netherlands or countries in the region.

NFP
Developing countries face huge shortages of skilled workers needed by companies and organisations to function properly. This is why the Netherlands Fellowship Programmes (NFP) were launched to raise levels of training within organisations in developing countries.

The Netherlands Fellowship Programmes (NFP) provide scholarships for professionals with at least two years’ work experience with a view to furthering the development of the 50 participant countries. Employers nominate potential fellows. Nuffic manages the programme for the Netherlands. The NFP provides scholarships for:

  • PhD places and PhD studies;
  • participation in selected master’s degree courses;
  • refresher training and other short courses;
  • short, tailor-made training courses for groups from a single organisation or sector.